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Use Bioplastics - Reduce Plastic Pollution

Bioplastic is plastic made from environmentally friendly sources, rather than petroleum.
Plastic can be made from:

canola oil
castor oil
corn or maize
hemp oil
soybean oil
used cooking oil

Bioplastics Magazine
This is the industry magazine for this emerging field.

Petroleum industry advocates try to spread the lie that adding biodegradable ingredients to petroleum-based plastic is the solution because the plastic breaks down. However, broken down bits of petrolem-based plastic are a threat to the environment. Following are companies that follow earth friendly ethics:

Green Dot Bioplastics
From website: Green Dot Bioplastics LLC is a bioscience social enterprise headquartered in Cottonwood Falls, Kansas. We're a full-service bioplastics company dedicated to delivering the very best of sustainable materials to our customers. That's the thinking behind our Terratek® line of bioplastics, developed to meet growing demand for biobased and compostable materials with fewer of the drawbacks associated with traditional plastics.

Bioplastic Manufacturing
From website: Bioplastic manufacturing is the next-generation solution for manufacturing inexpensive, durable, attractive plastic products that are more earth-friendly and environmentally-safe than traditional petrochemical-based plastics.

Bamboo Toothbrush

Hemp Plastic
Sustainable and cost-effective hemp plastic solutions for manufacturers and consumers looking for an eco-friendly alternative.

Sana Packaging
Sustainable hemp-based packaging - 100% plant-based hemp plastic packaging products.

Cannopy Corporation - hemp plastics coming soon
Currently producing hemp-based food, the company plans to manufacture hemp plastic soon.

Bioplastics International - agent based in USA
If you contract through this company, make sure there are no fossil fuel ingredients in the products you order.
From company's website:
Bioplastics International offers a large assortment of bio resins from corn, sugarcane, potatoes, sugar beets, and many other plant starches.
From website: Based on your bio resin requirements, we will partner you with the best possible bio resin manufacturer to meet your needs. Leave the lengthy searching to us. We are the exclusive representative to many bio resin companies, from USA, Europe, Mexico, China, Malasia, South Korea, India, and many others. Regardless of the molding process, production in your current facility will be flawless, requiring only minor modifications, if any. We have spent years locating and partnering with most bioplastic resin manufacturers of the world, and have negociated the best prices. Our specialty is custom made bio resins, for almost any product. We also have the finest organic, biodegradable additive in the world.
Products For Our Resins Include:
Forks, Spoons, Knives, Straws
Credit Cards
Drinking cups, Coffee cups
Hotel Key Cards
Clam Shell Food Storage Items
Golf Balls
Plates, Bowls
Disposable Lighters
Serving Trays
Pill Bottles
Herb & Spice Containers
Golf Tees
Cooking Oil Containers
Boxed Wine Liners
Bottled Water Preforms
Milk Containers
Vegetable Crates, Egg Containers
Medical Packaging
IV Bags
Surgical Masks Catheter Bags
Garbage Bags, Lawn Bags
Saran Wrap, Ziploc Bags
Law Enforcement Breathalizers/Tasers
Shampoo Containers
Stitching Materials
Suntan Lotion Bottles
Dental Trays
Disposable Shavers
Packaging of all kinds
Tooth Brushes
Baby Bottles
Reusable Sports Bottles

Paper is a good alternative to plastic. Following are good resources for paper substitutes:

Paper Straw Manufacturer
Eco Friendly & Affordable
From website: We Create Unique FDA Approved Eco-Friendly Straws. Creating Nontoxic Disposal. Made In The U.S.A. Affordable Pricing. 100% Chlorine Free. Located In California.

Aardvark Straws
Made in the USA
Aardvark creates unique eco-friendly yet durable paper drinking straws manufactured using 100% chemical free and FDA food-grade approved ink.

Florida Drinking Straws
From website: They're Safe And 100% FDA Food Grade Approved. Our paper drinking straws uses nontoxic, BPA-free and 100% chlorine free materials.

Good Start Packaging
Compostable take out containers, bags, cups, straws, plates, bowls, plates, bowls, bottles, napkins, towels, tissues, utensils, and more. Based in New Hampshire.

UK - The Paper Straw Co.
Paper Drinking Straws, Environmentally Friendly
From website: Welcome to The Paper Straw Co. We are proud to be the first UK manufacturer of Paper Drinking Straws based in the North West.

Links added in 2019

Yard Care Life
How To Start & Make a Compost Pile at Home

Beyond Environmental Revolutionizes Hydrocarbon Contamination Cleanup
Beyond Environmental has made bioremediation, or bio-cleaning, controllable by transforming the viscosity of the carrier from water to a gel that can stick to the surface on which it is working. According to Bryan Sims, Beyond Environmental president and CEO, “We know that when bioremediation is controllable, it’s more effective. Our iSorb Miotechnology makes that control possible—for the first time.”
Beyond Environmental -

Can Hemp Clean Up the Earth?
Scientists are looking at how hemp could clean contaminated soil – further proving it to be a miracle plant

Farmers in Italy fight soil contamination with cannabis

Phytoremediation driven energy crops production on heavy metal degraded areas as local energy carrier

Non-narcotic industrial hemp could be Port Pirie's saviour: Mayor

The roles of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in phytoremediation and tree-herb interactions in Pb contaminated soil

Synbio for bioremediation: fighting plastic pollution
Apart from the obvious need of spreading the word so that we can all become more socially aware and use less and less plastic, another solution to the problem could be found in bioremediation. Bioremediation is defined as the use of either naturally occurring or deliberately introduced microorganisms or other forms of life to consume and break down environmental pollutants, in order to clean up a polluted site.

Yeast May Be the Solution to Toxic Waste Clean-Up
About 46,000 nuclear weapons were produced during the Cold War era, leading to tremendous volumes of acidic radioactive liquid waste seeping into the environment. A new study suggests yeast as a potentially safer and more cost effective way to help clean up these radioactive waste sites. The study, “Prospects for Fungal Bioremediation of Acidic Radioactive Waste Sites: Characterization and Genome Sequence of Rhodotorula taiwanensis MD1149,” was published in Frontiers in Microbiology, Jan. 8.
The team of scientists at the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USU) found that one red-pigmented yeast, Rhodotorula taiwanensis MD1149, is extremely resistant to acute and chronic forms of gamma radiation, heavy metals and acid. These characteristics are essential for bioremediation: clean-up of environmental wastes using microorganisms.
The team examined 27 yeasts isolated from diverse environments, testing to see how each was suitable for bioremediation under highly radioactive and acidic conditions. The yeast Rhodotorula taiwanesis strain MD1149 was found to be the most resistant to acid and gamma radiation. After subjecting this microorganism to whole genome sequencing, they discovered that it shares resistance traits with Deinococcus radiodurans, a radiation-resistant bacterium which USU researchers have been engineering for bioremediation since 1997.

I Lost My Arm to Microbes, but They Can Save the World
Exploring their hidden realm could uncover solutions to our most pressing problems
We often follow the precautionary principle to our detriment when it comes to nature’s mysteries, equating the unknown with danger. Over the past century, we’ve turned microorganisms in all their forms (bacteria, fungi, viruses) into enemies that must be sterilized and cleansed from our lives.
Instead, let’s reframe the unknown qualities of microorganisms to focus on their potential instead of their dangers. Scientists are now exploring the niche processes and surprising functions that come from microbial interactions. Through 21st-century technologies such as low-cost DNA sequencing, we’ve begun to understand the secret world of microbes and their potential to serve us.

Bioremediation being used to clean Madurai temple tank
MADURAI: For the fist time in Tamil Nadu, a temple tank in Madurai - Mariamman Teppakulam - is being cleaned using the bioremediation process, as part of the green temples initiative.
Green Temple Movement chief technical advisor M P Rajasekharan said this process would use a consortium of microbes to break down the organic waste in the water. As much as 15 kilograms of microbe consortium has been added to the tank which his holding water up to the 10 feet mark

Decades-old dump site gets bioremediation treatment
The site spans over an area of around eight and a half acres

Council nod for phytoremediation technique to cleanse Conolly Canal water of metals

Invasive tropical plant removed metal pollutants from British river – new study

RiverLink transforms junkyard into park through phytoremediation

Bioremediation: Cultivating microbes to clear our oil mess
Researchers from National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur in West Bengal, with support from Department of Biotechnology, Government of India,have shown that the one way to efficiently deal with oil sludge, is to cultivate suitable microbes using nutrients, which then disintegrate the contaminants in the sludge.

Saskatoon engineers honoured for remediation project
A bioremediation project in Saskatchewan has won an Association of Consulting Engineering Companies — Canada (ACEC) award of excellence.
PINTER & Associates Ltd., based in Saskatoon, won in the environmental remediation category for their Enhanced Anaerobic Bioremediation project.
The PINTER team sought to tackle the problem of abandoned gas stations and the environmental risks they can pose to a community. The team was asked to remediate a station in La Ronge, Sask. That had approximately 3,000 cubic metres of gasoline-impacted soil and groundwater. Stations like this are often abandoned as the cost to remediate them is often more than the property value itself, especially in rural Canada.

Cascia Hall Senior a Finalist in National Competition
Milford was selected for his project on “Designing a Novel Heavy Metal Bioremediation System Utilizing Immobilized Mixed Algae Partnered with Heavy Metal Resistant Microbial Isolates Collected from Contaminated Superfund Mine Sites and Identified with a 16S Ribosomal Subunit Analysis.” Milford represented the United States at the 2018 Stockholm Junior Water Prize international competition where he presented his patent-pending system for cleaning contaminated water inexpensively.

Future London › Clean Air
Tube pollution: Could bacteria create clean air on the London Underground?
Transport for London has committed to maintaining the “cleanest air possible,” complying with Health & Safety Executive guidelines.
Now, some design engineers based in London may have come up with a solution.
In a project supported by Imperial College London and the Royal College of Art, a team of four students have curated palettes of bacteria that could act to neutralise harmful pollutants in the air.
The team is testing out bacteria in neutralising the air (Cellul-air)
The project, called Cellul-air, uses a process of bioremediation to mix with different pollutants and neutralise them to purify the air.

$215m to be earmarked for Anzali wetland nano bioremediation
TEHRAN – A total budget of 9 trillion rials (nearly $215 million) will be allocated to implement a scheme on restoration of the endangered Anzali wetland in northern province of Gilan by removing contaminants using domestic bioremediation nano-technology, ISNA reported on Wednesday.

Mushrooms could help clean toxic groundwater in Northern New Mexico
Mushrooms Could Help Clean Toxic Groundwater in New Mexico
Water conservationists and a Native American women's advocacy group believe they've found a potential solution to a massive, decades-old underground plume of toxic chromium.

The Technology That Will Build Our Future May Be Found In Mushrooms

A Fungus Could Be One Key to Solving Our Plastic Waste Crisis

Magic mushrooms: how fungus could help rebuild derelict Cleveland

Denmark navigate sailing towards a sustainable future
Mycoremediation - the process of using fungi to clean up the environment - is an innovative, yet simple biotechnology inspired by nature being tested at these World Championships. The floating tube developed by WorldPerfect in collaboration with scientists from Aarhus University has been placed in the sea near the gas station, where more than 300 coach boats are supplied with fuel.

Plastic-Eating Mushrooms

Researchers Find a Fungus that Can Break Down Plastic in Weeks

EarthRx: How Community Mycoremediation Projects Can Clean Up Oil Spills Around the Planet

Bioremediation Efforts Mushroom in the Aftermath of California’s North Bay Fires
Ecologists deploy fungi in Sonoma to try to address toxic run-off from ash
Bioremediation, the use of organic materials to break down environmental pollutants, isn’t a new concept, nor is the introduction of mycelium into bioremediation efforts — called mycoremediation, a term coined by famed mycologist Paul Stamets. Fungi have been used to clean up oil pools in Ecuador and pesticides in Oregon creeks, and mushrooms (and human hair) were deployed to remove some of the 58,000 gallons of oil from San Francisco Bay during the 2007 COSCO-Busan oil spill.
In the aftermath of the Sonoma fires, volunteers installed an estimated 300,000 feet
of wattles to assist with remediation efforts. Most of the wattles were inoculated with
mycelium known to break down hydrocarbons.
Although different fungi metabolize and break down different chemicals, oyster mushrooms are especially vigorous when it comes to the biodegradation of hydrocarbons. Gourmet Mushrooms, Inc., a mushroom producer based in Sonoma, offered oyster mushroom substrate for the wattles to strengthen local remediation efforts. Mycellium donations also began to flow in from as far away as Hawaii.
Wattle Rockers
How to handle the inevitable post-fire toxins that follow the inevitable future fires

North Dakota health regulators seek input on permits for bioremediation of oil spills
BISMARCK — The North Dakota Department of Health is seeking input on establishing a new permit system for alternative methods of cleaning up oil and other hydrocarbon spills.
An informational meeting scheduled next week comes as one company has a pilot project to use bioremediation, also known as landfarming, to remove spilled oil and allow the soil to be reused.
The company, Targa Resources, is permitted through the Department of Health for the landfarming project near Alexander in McKenzie County to restore soil that was contaminated by an oil pipeline spill.
The project involves introducing naturally occurring microbes, or bugs, that break down the hydrocarbons in the soil. The goal is to reuse the soil rather than hauling it to a landfill.
Targa Resources has a pilot project in McKenzie County that is using bioremediation, also known as landfarming, to remove spilled oil and allow the soil to be reused.

Research council urges lawmakers to legislate a ‘biological response’
Published February 7, 2019, The Philippines
Policymakers, especially those in the House of Representatives, are now being urged to draft laws mandating mining companies to use bioremediation technologies in rehabilitating mined-out areas.
According to National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP) Member Nelly Aggangan, miners must be mandated to implement bioremediation technologies as part of their rehabilitation plans.
“We should adopt and replicate this technology—and this technology will address the environmental and health issues in the mining industry,” she said during the NRCP-Legislative Scientific Forum for Policy Development.

Native oysters making a return to Pearl Harbor
"Our partnership with Oahu Waterkeepers on this oyster remediation project is a great example of Navy's initiative of improving and taking care of our environment," said Bernard.
The project builds on a successful feasibility study conducted by the Department of Land and Natural Resources, Division of Aquatic Resources, utilizing a nonnative species, Crassostrea gigas (known as the Pacific Oyster), as a tool to improve clarity and quality of waters within Pearl Harbor. While the Pacific Oyster survives and grows well in Pearl Harbor and it may continue to be used for bioremediation. The new project will focus on native shellfish species because of their deep cultural significance and in hopes of replenishing and restoring these species to the marine ecosystem.
The partnership plans to use two species of oyster native to Pearl Harbor: Dendostrea sandvicensis (Hawaiian Oyster) and Pinctada margaritifera (Black-lip Pearl Oyster).
"We are developing hatchery production methods for native bivalve species, in part because many local species have become rare and may possibly require protection. For example, the Black-lip Pearl Oyster is already a Protected Species under State Law," stated Dr. Maria Haws, the Director of PACRC.
Native oysters filter between 20 and 45 gallons of water per day, depending on their size, removing harmful pollutants including sediment, bacteria, heavy metals, PCBs, oil, microplastics, sunscreen chemicals and nutrients from the water column, which improves water clarity and quality.

Bioremediation: using microorganisms to clean up the environment
FEMS Microbiology Ecology publishes high quality papers that make a significant contribution to the field, covering microorganisms in soil, aquatic and atmospheric habitats - including extreme environments - and includes natural, artificial and managed systems. The journal also supports a poster prize programme, through the Federation of European Microbiological Societies sponsored meetings initiative.

NRCP seeks replication of bioremediation tech among agencies
By Ma. Cristina Arayata February 7, 2019, 8:09 pm Share
MANILA -- The National Research Council of the Philippines (NRCP) seeks Congress' support in replicating the bioremediation technology developed by the University of the Philippines (UP), among government agencies, an executive has said.
NRCP representatives, together with member Nelly Aggangan who developed the technology went to the House of Representatives on Thursday to present Aggangan's research project. Bioremediation is removing heavy metals and other toxic wastes from contaminated sites.

Links added in 2018

A Vision for Stewardship
The Vision Alignment Project

I see a world where the earth's soils are restored to abundant, vibrant health; where soils that have been depleted and eroded away, the hardpan is soothed and healed; where desert boundaries are shrinking again and true soil is restored to each wounded place; where the microbiota, the plants and animal life unique to each place return to home and thrive; and where the plant and animal life out of place return to home or to the soil; each to its place, in balance in spirit and space.

Renewed soils and forests call out to the mists, the rains and the dew and they respond in kind. Streams and springs are running full, clean and healthy. Our reefs and coastal stretches are cleansed of decades of soil and oil. We harvest and recycle the plastic patches in the sea. Our oceans and all that reside there are cleansed of toxins; the ocean teems with life again. The amazing biotic and energetic networks that once held all ecosystems and organisms in graceful and elegant balance are reconnected. Our hands work together and we all take up this loving work, this healing, in recognition of the blessed relationship we have with the earth and the universe.

Our gardens and farms are restored to the wealth of diversity they once knew. We no longer need or use chemicals to grow food because we are tending the soil in the way that it needs us to. We are receiving bountiful, healthy, delicious food and in return we care for that which feeds us. Everyone is fulfilled in body or spirit; we all have access to clean water and good food. We share and support each others' wellbeing and in doing so, we need less and our abundance deepens. We place our care of the earth in the center of all our decision making and in that way we are also supported. We are listening, hearing and understanding the messages of the universe. In doing so, we become family once again.

4 Of The Germiest Places In Airports And On Flights
Editor's note: the airlines could improve the quality of bacteria and other microbes found on their seats, fold-down trays, etc., by spaying with microbial cleaners. The TSA could improve the bacteria cultures of their bins, as well. No need for more anti-biotic cleaners, because they kill the good bacteria allowing more bad bacteria to thrive.

TSA Bins

In 2014, journalist Jeff Rossen and his investigative team took samples of surfaces in airports and planes as they hopped on three cross-country flights on different major airlines. Tested by microbiologists, the samples showed that TSA bins are particularly germy. One of them tested positive for "fecal matter at levels high enough to make people sick." This isn't all that surprising, considering people place their shoes in the bins.

Akron-Canton Airport in Ohio started combating the spread of bacteria in TSA bins in September 2017 by partnering with a local hospital to use trays lined with self-cleaning orange mats and handles.

Bacterial communities use sophisticated strategy to communicate over long distances
A theory known as "percolation" is now helping microbiologists at the University of California San Diego explain how communities of bacteria can effectively relay signals across long distances. Once regarded as a simple cluster of microorganisms, communities of bacteria—also called "biofilms"—have been found to utilize ion channels for electrochemical communication that helps the community thrive and survive threats, such as chemical attacks from antibiotics.
The findings, led by Joseph Larkin and senior author Gürol Süel of UC San Diego, are published July 25 in the journal Cell Systems.

Bacteria 'translator' allows bugs to talk to each other for first time
The findings, from scientists at Imperial College London, allow bacteria that don't usually live together - such as those that normally live on the skin, and those that live in the sea, to communicate.
The research, published in Nature Communications, could pave the way for engineering new bacteria systems to aid a number of processes, such as producing green energy.
Dr. Guy-Bart Stan, co-lead author from the Department of Bioengineering, said: "In nature, bacteria happily communicate and cooperate with other bacteria they know and recognise - for instance brewing is sometimes only possible via different bacteria and yeasts working together."

Autism risk determined by health of mom's gut, research reveals
The risk of developing autism-spectrum disorders is determined by the mother's microbiome—the collection of microorganisms that naturally live inside us—during pregnancy, new research from the University of Virginia School of Medicine suggests. The work raises the possibility that preventing forms of autism could be as simple as an expectant mom modifying her diet or taking custom probiotics.

The hidden hazards of antibiotic resistance genes in air
According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, at least 2 million people in the U.S. become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria every year. Research has shown that antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) can move from bacteria to bacteria, or even from bacteria to the environment. For example, tetracycline-resistance genes have been found near animal feed operations, and β-lactam-resistance genes have been found in urban parks in California. These studies indicated that airborne transmission could be a factor in the spreading and exposure of ARGs. But current air pollution investigations typically don't take ARGs into account. So, Maosheng Yao and colleagues wanted to examine airborne ARGs on a global scale.
Editor's Note: overuse of antibiotics can also cause cancer and other diseases.

Scientists Develop Lab-Made Mineral That Will Suck CO2 From The Atmosphere
Editor's note: we usually focus on natural materials, but this is just interesting, even though manmade.

What Even Is A "Natural Antibiotic"?
Lots of plants make their own bacteria-fighting compounds to survive, and human beings can take advantage of this by eating them, Zhaoping Li, MD, PhD, professor of medicine and chief of the division of clinical nutrition at the University of California, Los Angeles says.

Depleting microbiome with antibiotics can affect glucose metabolism
A new study from the Salk Institute has found that mice that have their microbiomes depleted with antibiotics have decreased levels of glucose in their blood and better insulin sensitivity. The research has implications for understanding the role of the microbiome in diabetes. It also could lead to better insight into the side effects seen in people who are being treated with high levels of antibiotics. The study appeared in the journal Nature Communications on July 20, 2018.

'Stable marriages' between microbes, nutrients may explain diverse yet stable communities
A mathematical model created by University of Illinois researchers could help scientists better understand an intriguing characteristic of microbial communities: their ability to achieve stability despite being so diverse.

Evidence Mounts That Germs May Cause Alzheimer's
In the end it will be microbes—bacteria, viruses and fungus—found to be at the root of all disease and aging, and specifically Alzheimer's, contends geneticist Dr. Rudolph "Rudy" Emile Tanzi.
Editor's Note: maybe treatment can focus on replacing bad microbes with good microbes.

Ground rules: how to keep your soil happy and healthy

Soil bugs munch on plastics
Researchers at ETH Zurich and the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) have now shown in an interdisciplinary study that . . . soil microbes degrade films composed of the alternative polymer poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate) (PBAT). Their work has just been published in the journal Science Advances.

Fertilizer destroys plant microbiome's ability to protect against disease
University of California, Berkeley, biologists found that spraying tomatoes with microbes from healthy tomatoes protected them from disease-causing bacteria, but that fertilizing the tomatoes beforehand negated the protection, leading to an increase in the population of pathogenic microbes on the plants' leaves.

Use Tea Tree Oil to control bacteria for health and a clean home

Do bacteria ever go extinct? New research says yes, bigtime
Bacteria go extinct at substantial rates, although appear to avoid the mass extinctions that have hit larger forms of life on Earth, according to new research from the University of British Columbia (UBC), Caltech, and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The finding contradicts widely held scientific thinking that microbe taxa, because of their very large populations, rarely die off.
The study, published today in Nature Ecology and Evolution, used massive DNA sequencing and big data analysis to create the first evolutionary tree encompassing a large fraction of Earth's bacteria over the past billion years.

Eat high-fiber foods to reduce effects of stress on gut and behavior
Eating high fibre foods may reduce the effects of stress on our gut and behaviour, according to new research published in The Journal of Physiology.

Microbes in the Hong Kong subway system mix together by evening rush hour
Every day, the hundred-mile-long Hong Kong subway system serves nearly five million people commuting from as far away as mainland China. On July 31 in the journal Cell Reports, researchers show how microbes from these diverse travelers mix throughout the day. While each subway line hosts a characteristic set of bacteria during morning rush hour, by evening, these unique bacteria join into one uniform microbiome populating the entire system.
Hong Kong Subway Study Shows How Quickly Bacteria Travel Across a City
When you ride the subway you share bacteria with everyone in your city

Scientists: Surprisingly small 'dead zone' off Louisiana
NEW ORLEANS (AP) — This year's Gulf of Mexico "dead zone" is surprisingly small, but the oxygen-depleted water rose higher toward the surface than usual, scientists said Tuesday.
Dead zones are areas in which water at and above the sea floor holds too little oxygen to support marine life. This dead zone is the fourth-smallest ever measured in Louisiana, and is only about 40 percent the average size predicted earlier this year based on nitrogen and other nutrients flowing down the Mississippi river.
"Although the area is small this year, we should not think that the low-oxygen problem in the Gulf of Mexico is solved. We are not close to the goal size for this hypoxic area," said lead scientist Nancy Rabalais of Louisiana State University and the Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium.
The dead zone covers about 2,720 square miles (7,040 square kilometers), rising in some areas as much as three-quarters of the way to the surface, she said. The sea-floor area is about 50 percent larger than the goal set by the Mississippi River Nutrient/Hypoxia Task Force, she said.
Each year's oxygen depletion begins as snowmelt, and followed by spring rains pouring from the Mississippi River into the gulf. The newly deposited fresh water is lighter than salt water, causing two layers to develop. Nitrogen and other nutrients in the fresh water feed a growth spurt of algae and microorganisms at the top. The microorganisms die and fall to the bottom, where their decay consumes oxygen from the bottom up.
Winds over shallow areas of the dead zone probably mixed oxygen into water, Rabalais said, while other winds squeezed oxygen-poor water into narrower confines.

First global survey of soil genomics reveals a war between fungi and bacteria
Soil is full of life, essential for nutrient cycling and carbon storage. To better understand how it functions, an international research team led by EMBL and the University of Tartu (Estonia) conducted the first global study of bacteria and fungi in soil. Their results show that bacteria and fungi are in constant competition for nutrients and produce an arsenal of antibiotics to gain an advantage over one another. The study can also help predict the impact of climate change on soil, and help us make better use of natural soil components in agriculture. Nature publishes the results on 1 August 2018.


This graphic shows predicted North America costal changes in the best case scenario - if we do something about climate change now.
As temperatures rise, Earth's soil is 'breathing' more heavily
The vast reservoir of carbon stored beneath our feet is entering Earth's atmosphere at an increasing rate, most likely as a result of warming temperatures, suggest observations collected from a variety of the Earth's many ecosystems.
Blame microbes and how they react to warmer temperatures. Their food of choice—nature's detritus like dead leaves and fallen trees—contains carbon. When bacteria chew on decaying leaves and fungi chow down on dead plants, they convert that storehouse of carbon into carbon dioxide that enters the atmosphere.
In a study published August 2 in Nature, scientists show that this process is speeding up as Earth warms and is happening faster than plants are taking in carbon through photosynthesis. The team found that the rate at which microbes are transferring carbon from soil to the atmosphere has increased 1.2 percent over a 25-year time period, from 1990 through 2014.
Warmer soil releasing more carbon, worsening climate change

Natural Air Purifier Teams Up with Houseplants to Eliminate Indoor Pollutants

Australian Native Plants Could Clean Up Polluted Soils And Chemical Spills, A New Study Reveals
Scientists discovered that Australian native plants could be used in biotechnology to decontaminate polluted soils and chemical spills.
A new study indicates that plants such as Australian native plants could be used in biotechnology to clean up polluted soils and chemical spills, including radioactive isotopes.
The research, which will be completed in November, is led by Megan Phillips, an environmental scientist from the University of Technology Sydney and other colleagues. They used the biotechnology referred to as "phytoremediation" that makes use of natural plant processes to make contaminated regions safe again, according to Phillips.

New genetically engineered yeast that could clean up heavy metal pollution
A genetically engineered version of the fungus in your bread and beer could help clean up the environment. A team of seven scientists at institutions in Romania and Norway developed yeast that could clean up heavy metal pollution - and their research revealed the most effective strains are able to soak up 80 percent of metal ions.

"Living Ink" Laced with Microbes Makes Molecules on Demand
3-D printed gel contains bacteria that produce compounds for medicine or pollution cleanup
Various types of microbes break down pollutants, synthesize useful compounds and carry out photosynthesis and other metabolic processes. "We thought 3-D printing might be a nice opportunity to structure these bacteria into functional materials," says Patrick Rühs, a postdoctoral researcher studying complex materials at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (E.T.H.) Zurich and an author of a new paper describing the process. It was published today in Science Advances.

Many more bacteria have electrically conducting filaments
December 8, 2017 by Janet Lathrop, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Microbiologists led by Derek Lovley at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, who is internationally known for having discovered electrically conducting microfilaments or "nanowires" in the bacterium Geobacter, announce in a new paper this month that they have discovered the unexpected structures in many other species, greatly broadening the research field on electrically conducting filaments. Details appear online in the International Society of Microbial Ecology Journal.

A microscopic fungus could mop up our Cold War-era nuclear waste
This hardcore yeast thrives amidst acid and radiation.
This strain of the yeast Rhodotorula taiwanensis could one day help clean up radioactive waste
Reported January 8, 2018 in the journal Frontiers in Microbiology.

Bacteria-Basted Supertrees Are Sucking Pollution From Our Waste Sites

Enzyme discovery enables first-time microbial production of an aromatic biofuel

Exploration of diverse bacteria signals big advance for gene function prediction
In the air, beneath the ocean's surface, and on land, microbes are the minute but mighty forces regulating much of the planet's biogeochemical cycles. To better understand their roles, scientists work to identify these microbes and to determine their individual contributions. While advances in sequencing technologies have enabled researchers to access the genomes of thousands of microbes and make them publicly available, no similar shift has occurred with the task of assigning functions to the genes uncovered.

One Researcher's Story
Luka: Erceg: "Microbes are in the air we breathe; they cover every inch of our skin and the ground we walk on. In fact, an estimated one trillion species of microbes live on our planet, and 99.999 percent of them have yet to be discovered. Humans have always coexisted with microscopic life, but it's only now that we're realizing their potential to help solve our most pressing problems—and we've barely scratched the surface."

Enzyme structures illuminate mechanism behind bacteria's bioremediation prowess
This article describes the chemical reactions that take place when microbes eat pollutants - bioremediation. Yea for the good bacteria!

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Call of the Forest (documentary)
















Watch the Documentary

Bran plates and other tableware made of wheat bran
Instead of throwing away bran after processing wheat, a company in Poland is using the bran to make plates and table ware. These are biodegradable, even edible! You can buy them through Amazon:

Cardboard technology - including bicycles made of cardboard and recycled materials

Some microbes increase across a range of diseases, so detection of them could give an early heads up that something's not right
The number of studies that have found a link between a disease and a specific gut microbiome composition seems to be ever increasing.
Forests fill the air with more than just a fresh scent.
Editor's note: we believe the tree chemicals help the earth, but so far science is figuring out whether they can blame trees for climate change. "Don't blame petroleum products" - "both sides do it: - etc.

The Shape and Layout of Cities Affect the Weather

A huge number of mystery microbes are living on your skin
The body: The great skin safari
The savannah of human skin is an ecosystem as exotic as any on Earth. Take a fantastical tour of its terrifying and exotic denizens
By Rowan Hooper

New technology generates wind power from passing cars

Scientists discover a way to harvest fresh water from air, including in arid regions.
Severe water shortages already affect many regions around the world, and are expected to get much worse as the population grows and the climate heats up. But a new technology developed by scientists at MIT and the University of California at Berkeley could provide a novel way of obtaining clean, fresh water almost anywhere on Earth, by drawing water directly from moisture in the air even in the driest of locations.
The findings are reported in the journal Science by a team including MIT associate professor of mechanical engineering Evelyn Wang, MIT postdoc Sameer Rao, graduate student Hyunho Kim, research scientists Sungwoo Yang and Shankar Narayanan (currently at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute), and alumnus Ari Umans SM '15. The Berkeley co-authors include graduate student Eugene Kapustin, project scientist Hiroyasu Furukawa, and professor of chemistry Omar Yaghi.
The key to the new system lies in the porous material itself, which is part of a family of compounds known as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Invented by Yaghi two decades ago, these compounds form a kind of sponge-like configuration with large internal surface areas.
This new solar-powered device can pull water straight from the desert air
This Device Sucks Drinking Water Out of Dry Desert Air, Powered Only by The Sun
MIT's new device can pull water from desert air

Microbes with a reserve pack of sulfur
May 4, 2018, Max Planck Society
SUP05 bacteria are often found in places where there is really no basis for life for them. Researchers in Bremen have now discovered that they are even quite active there - possibly with consequences for the global nitrogen cycle. The bacteria travel with a "reserve pack." In addition, the researchers have deciphered the bacteria's genome.

We May Be Able to Outsmart Superbugs Using Their Own Defenses

Bacteria may be powerful weapon against antibiotic resistance
Some microbes are able to "eat" antibiotics, using them as a nutritious food to grow and multiply

Applying live bacteria to skin improves eczema
Atopic dermatitis, more commonly known as eczema, is an inflammatory skin disease that makes skin dry and itchy, causes rashes and leads to skin infections. The cause is unknown, but earlier studies conclude that the skin microbiome - the community of all the bacteria and other microorganisms living on the surface of the skin - plays a major role.

Protein found in tobacco plant has potential to fight life-threatening infectious diseases
May 17, 2018, La Trobe University

Mars-Like Acid Streams Could Help Find Traces Of Past Martian Life

Can Abigail Allwood Find Life on Mars?
She made her name identifying the earliest accepted proof of life on Earth. Now NASA is counting on her to repeat the trick.

New Microbe Lineage Discovered In Yellowstone Could Explain Origin Of Life
By Shubham Sharma

HARApad RF+N | Protection Against RF & Magnetic Radiation & HeatProbiotics might help your allergies, but we're still not sure how
We're still figuring out how the bugs in your gut make you sniffle.
Editor's Note: maybe this would explain it - if you want to be healthy build up your immune system and get off drugs

How bacteria behave differently in humans compared to the lab

Sterol-producing bacteria may change interpretation of geological history

Babies should mix with other children to lower leukaemia risk
Not encountering the right germs during the first year of life may be one of the main causes of the most common form of childhood leukaemia. Mel Greaves, at the Institute of Cancer Research in London, has suggested that acute lymphoblastic leukaemia could be prevented by priming infants' immune systems by exposing them to harmless microbes.

Chimp Beds Are Way Less Filthy Than Human Beds

A hidden world of communication, chemical warfare, beneath the soil
May 22, 2018 by Eric Hamilton, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Yellowstone Microbe Discovery May Help Finally Explain the Origin of Life on Earth

gut microbiome in colon cancer
How the gut influences neurologic disease
May 16, 2018, Brigham and Women's Hospital

Gut bacteria play key role in anti-seizure effects of ketogenic diet
May 24, 2018, University of California, Los Angeles

Fluid dynamics may play key role in evolution of cooperation
May 22, 2018 by Jessica Sieff, University of Notre Dame
In a new study, physicists at the University of Notre Dame examined how the mechanical properties of an environment may shape the social evolution of microbial populations. Through computer simulations and analytical calculations, they determined the necessary properties of diffusion and flow that allow microbes to evolve stable social behavior. Their findings also allow for speculation that the evolution of single-cell organisms to multicellular organisms may have taken place in flowing fluids like rivers or streams as opposed to larger bodies of water such as oceans and lakes.
"Microbes form groups, like little villages," said Dervis Can Vural, assistant professor in the Department of Physics at Notre Dame. "If a cheater mutant emerges in one, its descendants will multiply at the cost of others, and spread like a tumor. Such non-cooperating groups will grow weak and die."

Virus genes from city pond rescue bacteria
May 28, 2018, Uppsala University
"We found a new, unexpected mechanism whereby genes from bacteriophages enable bacteria to use their hidden potential and establish a new function," says researcher and lead author Jon Jerlström-Hultqvist.

Study finds gut microbiome can control antitumor immune function in liver
May 24, 2018, National Cancer Institute
Scientists have found a connection between bacteria in the gut and antitumor immune responses in the liver. Their study, published May 25 in Science, was led by researchers in the Center for Cancer Research (CCR) at the National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Gut microbiome-mediated bile acid metabolism regulates liver cancer via NKT cells

Algae Living inside Salamanders Aren't Happy about the Situation
The world's only known vertebrate-microbe symbiosis appears to be good for the salamander, but stressful for the alga. So why do they put up with it?

A better B1 building block
May 25, 2018, North Carolina State University
New NC State research shows that a little-studied B1 precursor, or component, called cHET can be easily taken up and used in extremely small concentrations by marine microorganisms such as phytoplankton, as well as by plants.

Gut microbes may reduce heart disease risk, shows new research
A low diversity of gut bacteria may help explain heart attacks in young people, women and certain ethnic groups

Vivid algae lights the way in Sydney, as festival kicks off a new way of thinking
By Nicole Chettle
The humble microorganism has been given a neon makeover - and, from tonight, is taking centre stage at Vivid Sydney as part of the first living exhibit in the festival's 10-year history.
University of Technology (UTS) Sydney professor of marine biology Peter Ralph said the aim was to start a conversation about the benefits of algae.

Opinion: Tesla's space-cruising Roadster is carrying a huge load of Earth's germs
By H. Jay Melosh and Alina Alexeenko

How stratospheric life is teaching us about the possibility of extreme life on other worlds
May 25, 2018 by Starre Vartan, Astrobiology Magazine

Phosphorus nutrition can hasten plant and microbe growth in arid, high elevation sites
Glacial retreat in cold, high-altitude ecosystems exposes environments that are extremely sensitive to phosphorus input, new University of Colorado Boulder-led research shows. The finding upends previous ecological assumptions, helps scientists understand plant and microbe responses to climate change and could expand scientists' understanding of the limits to life on Earth.
The study, which was recently published in the journal Science Advances, found that even in mountainous terrain above 17,000 feet above sea level, where soils freeze every night of the year, the addition of phosphorus resulted in rapid growth of plants and photosynthetic microbes, allowing them to overcome the chilly, arid climate.

'Best Hope' For Life On Mars: New Study Tells NASA Exactly Where To Look For Microbial Life On The Red Planet

Bloom Science Plans to Advance Microbial Treatment for Epilepsy

Broccoli in space = how probiotics could help grow veggies in microgravity
May 28, 2018, University of Washington
A new experiment will test whether microbes can help broccoli grow better in challenging conditions in space.

Could we work together with our bacteria to stop infection?
May 29, 2018, University of Oxford
The benefits of antibiotics to both human and animal health are undisputed. However, as microbes have become increasingly resistant to antimicrobials and other drugs, scientists have become interested in new solutions to the growing superbug crisis, including the use of defensive microbes and faecal transplants. In new research, Oxford University scientists have developed a lab-based approach, creating positive co-dependent relationships between hosts and bacteria, termed 'mutualisms', quickly. These lab-developed bacterial relationships demonstrate how microbes can work with their hosts to prevent infection.
Editor's Note: you don't need to transplant poop. Just eat a healthy diet that includes fruit, vegetables - basically a non-corporate diet.

Scientists use dietary seaweed to manipulate gut bacteria in mice
May 9, 2018, Stanford University Medical Center

Popular antibacterial ingredient linked to IBD and gut bacteria issues
Brittany A. Roston
A popular antimicrobial ingredient found in a variety of consumer hygiene and health products, including soaps and toothpaste, has been linked to health problems. According to a newly published study, the ingredient triclosan may alter gut bacteria leading to other health issues, including colon inflammation and "exaggerated disease development."
The study comes from Guodong Zhang and colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. According to the study, the anti-bacterial ingredient triclosan can cause colonic inflammation when administered in short-term low doses. As well, the ingredient was linked with an exaggerated disease development related to both colon cancer associated with colitis and colitis itself.
This common toothpaste ingredient could be wreaking havoc on your gut
Triclosan is everywhere, but its days seem to be numbered.
A new study, published in Science Translation Medicine on Wednesday, suggests that triclosan exposure could increase rates of colitis and colon cancer.
Mouse study links triclosan, a common antimicrobial, to colonic inflammation
May 30, 2018, University of Massachusetts Amherst
Antifungal drug resistance is a ticking global time-bomb

Resistance to antifungal drugs could lead to disease and global food shortages

Researchers devise new way to discern what microbes eat
May 30, 2018 by Mick Kulikowski, North Carolina State University

Art News
Using the visual metaphor of a coral reef, artist Rogan Brown (previously) introduces his audience to the diverse bacteria, archaea, fungi found in the human body through paper-based sculptures. The detailed works are created after months of research and hunting for aesthetic parallels that might link the two surprisingly similar worlds.
His series Magical Circle Variations merge these sources of inspiration with a pastel color scheme that can also be found in a coral habitat. "What the reef and the microbiome have in common is that they both consist of biodiverse colonies of organisms that coexist more or less harmoniously," Brown explains. "There are further parallels between coral and human beings in that we are both symbiont organisms, that is we depend on a mutually beneficial relationship with another species: coral only receive their beautiful colors from varieties of algae that live on them and human beings can only exist thanks to the unimaginably huge and diverse number of bacteria that live in and on them."

Chemical-feasting bacteria remove likely carcinogen from contaminated water
June 4, 2018, New Jersey Institute of Technology
Now, scientists at New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) have uncovered a rare enzyme in bacteria with the ability to degrade the "likely human carcinogen" and water contaminant, 1,4-dioxane.
Researchers say the discovery could help lead to more effective means for treatment of water contaminated by this highly-soluble chemical, known for its resistance to conventional water purification and treatment efforts.
The research is featured in the American Chemical Society journal Environmental Science & Technology Letters.
"Many products we use every day use a mixture of more than 100 chemicals, and we don't realize that some of them contain traces of 1,4-dioxane that are washed down our drains and released into the environment," said Dr. Mengyan Li, assistant professor of chemistry and environmental science at NJIT. "A one-time exposure isn't extremely toxic, but contamination in drinking water can have a chronic effect that raises cancer risk.
"What we are doing is studying microbes that actually consume this contaminant as their food," Li explained. "We hope this research can attract public attention to the idea that bacteria can be very effective in removing contaminants like 1,4-dioxane from the environment or via engineered venues."
In their study, Li and NJIT research colleagues Daiyong Deng and Fei Li analyzed a key enzyme associated with the unusual metabolic abilities of Mycobacterium dioxanotrophicus PH-06 = a microbe capable of feeding on 1,4-dioxane as its primary source of energy.

Tesla Powerwall
Compact, affordable and simple to install, Powerwall 2 charges during the day and powers your home in the evening when integrated with rooftop solar panels.
10 home batteries competing with Tesla Powerwall 2 - Business Insider

Carbon Farming
Carbon farming involves implementing practices that are known to improve the rate at which CO2 is removed from the atmosphere and converted to plant material and soil organic matter. Carbon farming is successful when carbon gains resulting from enhanced land management or conservation practices exceed carbon losses.

Atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide can be lowered either by reducing emissions or by taking carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and storing in terrestrial, oceanic, or freshwater aquatic ecosystems. A sink is defined as a process or an activity that removes greenhouse gas from the atmosphere.

Regenerative Agriculture
Regenerative Agriculture is a system of farming principles and practices that increases biodiversity, enriches soils, improves watersheds, and enhances ecosystem services.

5 countries dump more plastic into the oceans than the rest of the world combined
China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam are spewing out as much as 60 percent of the plastic waste that enters the world's seas.

How trees, fungi, and bacteria team up against pollution
Roots, fungi, and bacteria may team up to help some trees to clean polluted land, according to a new study.
Fast-growing trees, such as willows, are known to tolerate and even rejuvenate soil contaminated with petroleum by-products or heavy metals. The clean-up of soil in this way is known as phytoremediation, a process is commonly attributed to "secondary metabolism"—the production of specialized compounds in plants that helps them cope with environmental stress.

High Hydrocarbon Fraction In A Multiphase Airlift Bioreactor: Direct Interfacial Is The Predominant Mode Of Hydrocarbon Uptake By A Microbial Consortium

Jacobs Helps Restore Landscape at The Avenue Coking Works in the UK

Dutch centre that produces energy from seaweed collaborating with the UAE
Sun and sea are the way forward in clean energy, says the Energy Research Centre that is bringing cutting-edge solutions to Expo 2020

Microbial Biotechnology in Environmental Monitoring and Cleanup
A new book on the advances in microbial biotechnology in environmental monitoring and clean-up has just be published by IGI Global. The book is part of the Advances in Environmental Engineering and Green Technologies Book Series.
Microbial Biotechnology in Environmental Monitoring and Cleanup

Tiny microbes make a surprisingly big contribution to carbon release
As erosion eats away at Earth's surface, some types of rocks release carbon they contain back into the atmosphere - and now a new study suggests that microbes play a substantial role in this release. The finding may help scientists better understand how carbon is cycled between the ground and atmosphere over million-year time scales.

The human microbiome: why our microbes could be key to our health
A plethora of conditions, from obesity to anxiety, appear to be linked to the microbes inside us. Nicola Davis explains why the microbiome is such a hot topic of research

The interstitium is a contiguous fluid-filled space existing between the skin and the body organs, including muscles and the circulatory system. The fluid in this space—called interstitial fluid composed of extracellular fluid and its solutes—drains into the lymph system.
Newfound 'organ' could be the biggest in your body
Is the Interstitium Really a New Organ?
A study confirms that the spaces between cells are fluid-filled, rather than tightly packed with connective tissue, but pathologists say the findings' implications remain to be seen.

Could You Fight Off Worms? Depends On Your Gut Microbes
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis made the discovery after studying the microbiomes of individuals from Liberia and Indonesia. They found that the guts of individuals infected with parasites share common microbes—even if they live in completely different geographic locations. Similarly, healthy individuals whose bodies can clear out parasites without treatment seem to share a common gut bacteria.

Why microbes are better than people at keeping DNA mutations at bay

More than half your body is not human
Human cells make up only 43% of the body's total cell count. The rest are microscopic colonists.
Understanding this hidden half of ourselves - our microbiome - is rapidly transforming understanding of diseases from allergy to Parkinson's.

Life on toxic Venus? Acid-loving microbes could thrive in clouds
Acid-loving microbes may have evolved in the thick, highly-acidic clouds swirling round Venus, and might even still be there.
Prospects for Venusian life have generally been dismissed because of the harsh conditions on the planet's surface. But discoveries of ever more microbes on Earth that live in highly acidic conditions is strengthening the case that life may be able to thrive in Venus's dense cloud layer. About 50 kilometres above the planet's hellish surface, sulphuric acid clouds have both milder temperatures

Microbes in the Gut Influence Neurodegeneration
Researchers from the University of Louisville and from the University of Michigan have been studying the ways in which the intestinal microbiota plays a role in the pathogenic cascade of neurodegenerative disorders.
They describe a process of microbiota-associated proteopathy and neuroinflammation, which they term "mapranosis."
This concept describes how proteins and other metabolites, produced by gut microbes, influence functions in the brain.

"Good bacteria" - what are they, will they make me healthy and how do I get some? [humor]
To find out I took the unusual , and rather disgusting, step of donating my poo to science.
Microbes live on, and in, all of us and they even outnumber our own human cells.
But their favourite spot - and where they live in incredible numbers - is our digestive system.

Bugs, microbes and death can inform the living
A new study shows that the postmortem microbiome -- populations of micro-organisms that move in after death -- can provide crucial insights into public health. What's telling is that regardless of many factors -- sex, ethnicity or even type of death -- the microbiome is consistent and distinct, depending on the number of days after death.

Fossilized Brains Called into Question, Might be Microbes
Authors of a new study suggest that 520-million-year-old structures, previously identified as the brains of ancient arthropods, are instead preserved microbial biofilms.

Gut Microbes Can Help Insects Beat Pesticides
In 2017, researchers discovered that the oriental fruit fly (Bactrocera dorsalis) had developed resistance to the insecticide trichlorphon thanks to a species of symbiotic bacteria, Citrobacter freundii, in its gut that helps the fly degrade the chemical. A new review paper in the new review paper published in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America compiles this case and other existing research on the links between insect symbionts and insecticide resistance. (Merle Shepard, Gerald R.Carner, and P.A.C Ooi, Insects and their Natural Enemies Associated with Vegetables and Soybean in Southeast Asia,

Remediation Progressing At Contaminated Groundwater Site [Michigan]
The site of a former gas company where contaminated groundwater was discovered in Hartland Township is undergoing cleanup, which officials say appears to be going well.
In 2015, a chemical called sulfolane was found to have leached into the soil and underlying groundwater on property once occupied by the Merit Energy gas processing plant. The discovery was made at the five acre parcel at Lone Tree and Pleasant Valley Road while the plant was being decommissioned. Merit took action by sampling residential wells and installing monitoring wells to determine the extent of the contamination, which was later determined to be confined to the site.

Global Bioremediation Technology & Services Market: Demand for Natural Methods of Removing or Neutralizing Contamination to Stoke Growth
Bioremediation is a scientific waste management process that uses various, fungi, microorganisms, green plants and their enzymes to reinstate the environment to its original state after removing pollutants from a contaminated site. Bioremediation of water and soil, which is polluted by oil and other industrial waste; is performed by a variety of microorganisms that survive on hydrocarbons. Degradation of pollutants by bacterial microorganisms breaks down the hazardous substances into less toxic biodegradable substances. However, not all pollutants and contaminants are treated by bioremediation using microorganisms.

The first Bioremediation Center opens in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Center for bioremediation of soil contaminated with oil and petroleum products opened today in Lukavac as the first plant of this kind in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the region, which will enable analyses of the soil and reduction of the amount of pollutants by using natural processes. The center will conduct the soil analyses in two ways, 'ex-situ' and 'in-situ' methods, and the process of bioremediation will begin with the excavation and transportation of the contaminated soil into this center, while the entire procedure for verifying the quality of the soil will last from six to 12 months. In addition to the improvement of the state of the environment, this facility opens up new opportunities for significant remediation procedures, which are highly needed in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The company Kemis BH, which built the center in cooperation with Czech company Dekonta, has obtained an environmental permit for this facility.

Bioremediation: Cultivating microbes to clear our oil mess
Researchers from National Institute of Technology, Durgapur and Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur in West Bengal, with support from Department of Biotechnology, Government of India,have shown that the one way to efficiently deal with oil sludge, is to cultivate suitable microbes using nutrients, which then disintegrate the contaminants in the sludge.

Biologists have found an oil-hungry bacterium that's ideal for oil spill cleanup
Researchers from the University of Quebec's National Institute of Scientific Research certainly think it could. For the past several years, a research team including Professor Satinder Kaur Brar, Dr. Tarek Rouissi, and others have been searching for the perfect strain of bacteria to munch up large quantities of oil. The results might be a simple, effective and eco-friendly approach to decontaminating the site of oil spills.

Researchers Pinpoint Oil-Eating Bacterium That May One Day Clean Up Massive Spills
According to the Biochemical Engineering Journal paper, a variety of hydrocarbons—including motor oil, hexadecane, benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylene, you name it—can be broken down by purified A. borkumensis enzymes. Not only that, but the biodegradation process itself is remarkably efficient, particularly compared to other bacteria's similar enzymes.
Ex-situ biodegradation of petroleum hydrocarbons using Alcanivorax borkumensis enzymes

Bad Antibodies Made Good
The 'bad apples' of the immune system are also its secret weapon, according to major Australian research published today in the world-leading journal Science.
In a world first, scientists from Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research have revealed how a population of 'bad' antibodies in the immune system - which are usually 'silenced' because they can harm the body - can provide crucial protection against invading microbes. The research was carried out in mice.
Germinal center antibody mutation trajectories are determined by rapid self/foreign discrimination
Deborah L. Burnett, David B. Langley, Peter Schofield, Jana R. Hermes, Tyani D. Chan

Microbes Come to the Rescue to Reduce Hospital Waste
Hospital waste management is no laughing matter, given that one hospital bed can produce up to 0.5 kg of waste per day. A Dutch technology is using microbes to optimize the process with anaerobic digestion.

Microbial Life: A Universe at the Edge of Sight - exhibit

We can't see this microscopic universe with the naked eye, or feel it on our skin. Though we may fear the very thought of these organisms, they essentially keep us and our world alive.

Two Harvard scientists are leading a mission to increase the understanding that microbes not only were the evolutionary engineers of life on this planet billions of years ago, but are still our allies today.

Roberto Kolter, professor of microbiology and immunobiology emeritus at HMS and director of Harvard's Microbial Sciences Initiative, and Scott Chimileski, a research fellow and microbiology photographer at the Medical School, teamed up to share discoveries from across the field in the new exhibition "Microbial Life: A Universe at the Edge of Sight."


Specific bacteria in the small intestine are crucial for fat absorption
A high-fat diet promotes growth of the microbes that boost lipid digestion and absorption
A new study - one of a few to concentrate on microbes in the upper gastrointestinal tract - shows how the typical calorie-dense western diet can induce expansion of microbes that promote the digestion and absorption of high-fat foods. Over time, the steady presence of these microbes can lead to over-nutrition and obesity.
Gut Microbiota Regulates Dietary Fat Digestion And Absorption
Gut microbes facilitate production and secretion of digestive enzymes into the small bowel, according to a new study.

First land plants were parasitized by microbes
By studying liverworts—which diverged from other land plants early in the history of plant evolution—researchers from the Sainsbury Laboratory at the University of Cambridge have found that the relationship between plants and filamentous microbes not only dates back millions of years, but that modern plants have maintained this ancient mechanism to accommodate and respond to microbial invaders.

What microbes in dead bodies can tell us about the living
The postmortem microbiome, populations of micro-organisms that move in after death, can provide crucial insights into public health, a new study shows.

Sewage microbes make a fuel booster : Research Highlights

Wide range of drugs affect growth of gut microbes, study says | Science | The Guardian

A wide range of drugs from cancer therapies to antipsychotics affect the growth of microbes that are found in our gut, researchers say, highlighting that it is not only antibiotics that can have an impact on our internal flora.

These microbes, whose genes taken together are known as the gut microbiome, play an important role in our health, including for our immune system and our digestion, and have been linked to a host of diseases such as autoimmune conditions, obesity and mood disorders.

While, perhaps unsurprisingly, antibiotics are already known to affect the biodiversity of our gut microbes, in recent years scientists have found that a number of drugs designed to act on human cells—rather than bacteria—also appear to interfere with them. For instance, scientists found that one of the ways the diabetes drug metformin works might be by encouraging the growth of certain bacteria.

Researchers prove complex connection between plants and what soil microbes eat
"For more than a century, it's been known that plants influence the makeup of their soil microbiome, in part through the release of metabolites into the soil surrounding their roots," said Berkeley Lab postdoctoral researcher Kateryna Zhalnina, the study's lead author. "Until now, however, it was not understood whether the contents of this cocktail released by plants was matched by the feeding preferences of soil microbes in a way that would allow plants to guide the development of their external microbiome."
Read more at:

Square Root - Kimbal Musk - Square Roots farmers grow GMO-free, spray-free, leafy greens in indoor farms, right in the heart of Brooklyn.

Miscanthus: The Seeds to Grow a Sustainable, Low-Carbon Economy
Renewable energy now represents 24.6% of total electricity generation in the UK (DUKES 2017) with the UK exceeding its third interim Renewable Energy Directive (RED) target for percentage of total energy generation from renewables (8.9% in 2016 compared to the target of 7.5%). Bioenergy makes up by far the largest proportion of that renewable fuel use with around a quarter of this provided by plant biomass with the majority of this imported from North America, Canada and Europe in the form of wood pellets.

Heady Culture Artist Profile: Laura Sullivan
Hardwick-based textile artist Laura Sullivan reached out to us recently to share some of the hemp and cannabis-friendly t-shirts she'd created, and the whole Heady team was so captivated by her work that we thought we'd share her story with the good citizens of Heady Nation!
Working with hemp fibers is what I believe to be my true reason for being. I know cannabis is our ally, and the medicine the planet herself is calling for in these times given that our major sources of monoterpenes, namely the marine phytoplankton and boreal forests, are being depleted and also that cannabis cleans soil through phytoremediation. So I am here to say, "cannabis is wholesome" and help others to see the true magic we've been gifted.

More press releases Press Release
NC Hemp Industry May Play a Major Role in Thwarting Invasive Species Onslaught in North America

Could hemp plastic save our planet?
We need to embrace Hemp or suffer the consequences.
Hemp plastic is a biodegradable, sustainable, and non-toxic alternative to petroleum-based plastics that are littering our environment. So why aren't more people talking about it?
Hemp is one of the most versatile plants on the planet. Not only can it be used to make medicine, like CBD oil, but it can be turned into fiber for things like clothes and paper, its seeds are incredibly nutritious and it can be used as a fuel source. But did you know that its stalks can be used to make hemp plastic? As plastic continues to pollute our environment, many are looking to hemp plastic as an alternative.

5 Lesser Known Uses for Hemp
By Danny Reed
#1 Phytoremediation (Decontaminating Soil)
help us reverse environmental damage caused by our modern industrial age
#2 BioFuel
In 2010, researchers at the University of Connecticut concluded that hemp could be a viable source of biodiesel.
#3 Industrial Plastics
Hemp-based plastics are just as strong (possibly stronger) as traditional plastic but are comprised of biodegradable plant material . . . so no floating garbage continents.
#4 Clothing
#5 Lifestock Feed

Bengaluru to get 12 MLD water from T.G. Halli reservoir by year-end
Minister for Bengaluru Development and Town Planning K.J. George laid the foundation stone for a natural biological system recycling unit at Hessarghatta on Wednesday. The recycling system will treat water from Hessarghatta lake going into the T.G. Halli reservoir.

New Textbook
Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol 71—Biology and Life Sciences, Microbiology, Science Books Industries
The book contains updates in the field . . . The role of plant growth-promoting bacteria in metal phytoremediation

5 Lesser Known Uses for Hemp
By Danny Reed
#1 Phytoremediation (Decontaminating Soil)
help us reverse environmental damage caused by our modern industrial age
#2 BioFuel
In 2010, researchers at the University of Connecticut concluded that hemp could be a viable source of biodiesel.
#3 Industrial Plastics
Hemp-based plastics are just as strong (possibly stronger) as traditional plastic but are comprised of biodegradable plant material . . . so no floating garbage continents.

Jane Philbrick of TILL discussing the importance of getting young people and artists involved in the process of remediating brownfield sites and learning how developments fail or succeed.
Philbrick explained that she and her group created a model of remediating brownfield sites that consists of using state and federal money to decontaminate the property with a method called "phytoremediation," where plants are used to remove the lead, zinc and other chemicals that have drained into the soil. Philbrick said their model also requires private developers to build commercial space and intergenerational housing in order to attract a younger demographic that would start families in the area.

Nanotechnology: Incorporating Modern Knowledge Is Critical For Sustainable Agriculture
In modern agriculture, sustainable production and efficiency are unimaginable without the use of agrochemicals such as pesticides, fertilizers, etc. Nanomaterials not only directly catalyze degradation of waste and toxic materials, but it also aids the efficiency of microorganisms in degradation of waste and toxic materials. Bioremediation uses living organisms to break down or remove toxins and harmful substances from agricultural soil and water. In particular, some other terms are also generally used such as bioremediation (beneficial microbes), phytoremediation (plants), and mycoremediation (fungi and mushrooms). Thus, with the bioremediation the heavy metals can be removed from soil and water environmentally and efficiently by microorganisms (Dixit et al., 2015).

Mushroom farmer still chasing morel dream

North Hills students advance to state science competition
Senior Lauren Rebel and freshman Hannah Sciulli won first-place honors at the regional competition at Duquesne University and will compete at the state competition in May at Pennsylvania State University. Rebel's winning experiment was called "Microbial Bioremediation of Toxic Pollution." Sciulli's winning entry was called "Bacteria in Our Waterways."

County: Substance in creek not harmful
Officials say a foam-like substance discovered in a creek Tuesday in eastern Davidson County does not pose harm to the community or environment.
The substance, found in the creek near the intersection of N.C. Highway 109 and Liberty Church Lane, was determined to be an organic, non-surfactant soap, used in the operation of soil regeneration, Davidson County Emergency Management said in a news release.
County officials who investigated the substance Tuesday morning traced it back to AES, a bioremediation company with a site for soil regeneration on Cunningham Road, according to the news release.
The owner of the company was on site Tuesday cleaning up the substance, county officials said. North Carolina Emergency Management and the North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality have also been on site and will be following up with the owner of the company.

Environmental Remediation Technology Market Analysis, Revenue, Price, Market Share, Growth Rate, Forecast by 2022

Future of the China Bioremediation Technology Market—Growth, Latest Trend & Forecast 2022
Remediating China's Polluted Soils: An Ambitious Endeavour
INCLUDING Growing cleansing plants that will induce phytoremediation—certain plants (e.g. sunflowers, willow and Pelargonium) take up and store pollutants in their above-ground parts. These plants can be harvested and the materials used for other purposes, such as timber for building and construction or as biofuels.

Steve Zayko of PM Environmental Wins Engineer of the Year Award
Currently, Zayko is Manager of Technical Services and Senior Engineer at PM Environmental, Inc. He specializes in innovative technologies, risk assessment, bioremediation, and corrective action/response activity design and implementation.

A surface-display biohybrid approach to light-driven hydrogen production in air
Solar-to-chemical production by artificial and bioinspired photosynthetic systems is of tremendous interest to help solve current global energy and environmental problems. We developed a bioinorganic hybrid system for photocatalytic hydrogen production under aerobic conditions by combining light-harvesting semiconductors, hydrogenase catalysis, and self-aggregation of whole bacterial cells. We induced hydrogen production via self-photosynthesis in engineered Escherichia coli cells, which were originally designed for bioremediation, with in situ biosynthesis of biocompatible cadmium sulfide nanoparticles using a surface-display system. We also introduced a biomimetic silica encapsulation strategy into the engineered E. coli cells, enabling this hybrid system to continuously produce hydrogen for 96 hours, even under natural aerobic conditions. This biohybrid catalytic approach may serve as a general strategy for solar-to-chemical production.

Scientists in Bihar identify bacteria that can naturally treat arsenic in groundwater

Study: Bacteria reduces concentration of arsenic in groundwater

To remove foul odour emanating from Mithi River, MMRDA to use 'debris collection mechanism'
The MMRDA has used the technology based on the bioremediation measures to remove the pollutants which are basically organic in nature from the polluted water. In this project odour control is being carried out through bioremediation method.

Yeast May Aid In Acidic Liquid Radioactive Waste Removal
A new study suggests yeast as a potentially safer and more cost effective way to help clean up these radioactive waste sites. The study, "Prospects for Fungal Bioremediation of Acidic Radioactive Waste Sites: Characterization and Genome Sequence of Rhodotorula taiwanensis MD1149," was published in Frontiers in Microbiology in January.

Dr. Laura Lackey Named Dean of Mercer School of Engineering
Prior to coming to Mercer, Dr. Lackey spent six years at the Tennessee Valley Authority as an environmental/chemical engineer, where she conducted both basic and applied research with emphasis on the mitigation of organic wastes through bioremediation, and two years as an adjunct professor of environmental engineering at the University of Alabama in Huntsville.

INTACH recommends 'Assi Nadi method' to clean Hussainsagar
HYDERABAD: The Delhi chapter of the Indian National Trust for Art and Cultural Heritage (INTACH) has recommended bioremediation methods for cleaning up the historic Hussainsagar and the four natural streams feeding it.

Researchers Develop Methods to Clean Polluted Groundwater
A recent research study applied experimental data and mathematical models to understand some of the limitations of biodegradation of toxic pollutants that are frequently found in contaminated aquifers

Despite HC directions, bioremediation of dumping site near Tawi yet to begin
Swarming birds still posing threat to aircrafts
Posted on 20/02/2018 by Dailyexcelsior
No headway on setting up of Solid Waste Mgmt Plant at new place

Proposed soil bioremediation facility near Happy Valley-Goose Bay up for environmental assessment

Gross misunderstanding: The invisible world of 'Microbial Life'

Gut microbes protect against sepsis: Mouse study
Sepsis occurs when the body's response to the spread of bacteria or toxins to the bloodstream damages tissues and organs. The fight against sepsis could get a helping hand from a surprising source: gut bacteria. Researchers found that giving mice particular microbes increased blood levels of immunoglobulin A (IgA) antibodies, which protected against the kind of widespread bacterial invasion that leads to sepsis.

New company brings together microbes & genomics to improve health, agriculture & industry
The biotechnology company Microomics is a spin-off from the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) and the Catalan Institute for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA) specialized in microbiome analysis

1.6-Billion-Year-Old Breath of Life Frozen in Stone
A nondescript series of pockmarks in rock is actually the captured breath of microbes from 1.6 billion years ago. The fossils come from fossilized mats of microbes found in central India. Most of the microbes are cyanobacteria, according to new research published Jan. 30 in the journal Geobiology.
Evidence of oxygenic phototrophy in ancient phosphatic stromatolites from the Paleoproterozoic Vindhyan and Aravalli Supergroups, India

The silent microbiome crisis
It is a crisis some scientists believe has similar proportions to climate change, but it gets much less coverage: Microbes are disappearing from our bodies.
Our microbial genes are critical to the regulation of our metabolism, to the ability of our immune system to fight off infection and to the production of the neurotransmitters that power our brain and nervous system.

Harvard exhibit offers close-up look at microbes
University's Museum of Natural History explores the crucial role they plan to sustain life on earth.

Taming biofuel-loving microbes
Microbes may help clean up biofuels stored over long periods

Gut microbes linked to severity of intestinal parasitic worm infections
A new study indicates that the kinds of microbes living in the gut influence the severity and recurrence of parasitic worm infections in developing countries. The findings, by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, suggest that manipulating the gut's microbial communities may protect against intestinal parasites, which affect more than 1 billion people worldwide.
Gut microbes linked to severity of intestinal parasitic infections: study

Self-driving robots collect water samples to create snapshots of ocean microbes
For the first time, scientists will deploy a small fleet of long-range autonomous underwater vehicles (LRAUVs) that have the ability to collect and archive seawater samples automatically. These new robots will allow researchers to track and study ocean microbes in unprecedented detail.
Next-gen autonomous subs set to study microbes

High-fibre diet can help treat Type 2 diabetes
Promotion of a select group of gut bacteria by a diet high in diverse fibres led to better blood glucose control, greater weight loss and better lipid levels in people with Type 2 diabetes, the researchers said.
High-Fiber Diet May Lead To Better Blood Sugar Control And Weight Loss In Type-2 Diabetes Patients
A new study published in the journal Science has found consuming more dietary fiber can help in the fight against Type 2 diabetes, by promoting a group of healthy gut bacteria.
High-Fiber Diet Shifts Gut Microbes, Lowering Blood Sugar in Diabetics
New findings suggest that promoting the growth of fiber-loving bacteria may help manage type 2 diabetes.

Microbes could be pumping methane into the erupting gas plumes of Enceladus, one of Saturn's moons, a new laboratory simulation has shown.
Some of Earth's Deep Sea Microbes Could Survive on Saturn's Moon
A methane-producing archaea survived simulations of Enceladus' extreme conditions, hinting at the possibility of similar extraterrestrial life

Studying how tiny microbes thrive in harsh environments could lead to better treatments for human diseases
Scientists explore how extremophile called Haloarchaea resists oxidative stress

Microbes found in one of Earth's most hostile places, giving hope for life on Mars
A hardy community of bacteria lives in Chile's Atacama Desert—one of the driest and most inhospitable places on Earth—where it can survive a decade without water, new research confirms. The work should put to rest the doubts of many scientists, who had suggested that previous evidence of microscopic life in this remote region came from transient microbes. And because the soils in this location closely resemble those on Mars, these desert dwellers may give hope to those seeking life on the Red Planet's similarly hostile surface.
A rare rainstorm wakes undead microbes in Chile's Atacama Desert
Superbloom solves mystery of what can survive in one of the driest places on Earth
Life In Earth's Driest Desert Shows How Microbes Might Survive On Mars

Martian microbes may just be resting—boffins
researchers have speculated that long dormant microbes on the Red Planet might reawaken with the introduction of liquid water.

4ocean - a plan to raise money to remove plastic from our oceans

Unlimited Clean Energy with The Wavestar machine

The Alliance to End Plastic Waste

The Horror of a World Without Microbes
It's not the paradise that germophobes might imagine.
Microbes only became synonymous with disease and disgust in the 19th century, when, in quick succession, biologists realized that bacteria caused illnesses like cholera, leprosy, gonorrhea, tuberculosis and more. And so they became villains: things we needed to destroy, lest they destroy us.
Which is fortunate, because the death of all microbes would be a really bad thing. In 2014, the microbiologists Jack Gilbert and Josh Neufeld published a thought experiment, in which they imagined what would happen if all the microbes in the world suddenly vanished. It's a fun essay that draws upon two long-standing scientific traditions: working out how important things are by removing them and seeing what happens; and just using your imagination if actual experiments aren't feasible.
Life in a World without Microbes

Can corals be saved? The key may be in their microbes
Biologists are studying corals with techniques designed for humans

How Math Can Help Unravel the Weird Interactions of Microbes
Simpler Math Tames the Complexity of Microbe Networks
The dizzying network of interactions within microbe communities can defy analysis. But a new approach simplifies the math and makes progress possible.

Oil-loving microbes could gobble up slicks and spills
"About 40% of the oil that ends up in the sea is from natural seeps," said Dr. George Kapellos, who works on the project. "So microbial species have evolved to degrade it."
Problems arise when the concentration of the oil is very high and when microdroplets spread far and wide through the action of ocean currents.
"We are trying to track the fate of the microdroplets when they are degraded by the microbes," said Dr. Kapellos, who is cooperating with scientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Although in its early stages—the project only began in November last year—he has already identified three potential mechanisms that allow the bacteria to break down the oil.
The first involves the droplets dissolving in the water column and being consumed by the microbes as they do so. A second is that the microbes attach to the surface of the oil droplet and consume the oil without it needing to be dissolved. The third potential mechanism involves the formation around the oil of colonies of bacteria known as biofilms.

Scientists Peek Inside The 'Black Box' Of Soil Microbes To Learn Their Secrets
A tablespoon of soil contains billions of microscopic organisms. Life on Earth, especially the growing of food, depends on these microbes, but scientists don't even have names for most of them, much less a description.
That's changing, slowly, thanks to researchers like Noah Fierer, at the University of Colorado, Boulder. Fierer think microbes have lived in obscurity for too long. "They do a lot of important things for us, directly or indirectly, and I hope they get the respect they deserve," he says.
These microbes create fertile soils, help plants grow, consume and release carbon dioxide, oxygen and other vital elements. But they do it all anonymously. Scientists haven't identified most of these species and don't know much else about them, either, such as "what they're doing in soil, how they're surviving, what they look like," Fierer says.

Soil Microbes Persist Through National Mall Facelift
"My lab is interested in how microbes can move around in the environment, and how they change and adapt as a result of this movement," explains Jo Anne Crouch, a USDA-Agriculture Research Service researcher. Crouch is lead author of the study. "We thought that the new 'imported' turf from New Jersey would introduce different communities of bacteria to the National Mall. However, we found that they weren't significantly different."

Andhra Pradesh, India:
MCT embarks on bioremediation of waste at dumping yard
Efforts by the Municipal Corporation of Tirupati (MCT) to employ the best practices in solid waste management have resulted in the officials embarking on a pilot project to take up bioremediation works at the decade-old dump site. This was in tune with Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu's call to work towards effective utilisation of waste, and the municipal officials have envisaged an action plan not only to set up a waste-to-energy plant but also clear accumulated waste at the dumping yard.

Minnesota Couple Starts Mushroom Farm
A southeastern Minnesota couple's passion for mushrooms may bring them out of the woods and into the region's food markets.

Podcast: Marvelous Mushrooms
On this episode of MOTHER EARTH NEWS and Friends Charlotte Brunin and Robert Riley meet with Tradd Cotter to discuss all things mushrooms. You will learn how Tradd become a mushroom farmer, the importance of mushrooms to your diet and how mushrooms might be key in disaster relief!

Academic book now available:
Mycoremediation. Fungal Bioremediation
This pioneering work, the first encyclopedic examination of the application of fungi in bioremediation, coincides with the rise of a new era in fungal technologies. For the first time, readers have a single, cohesive presentation of the current state of the science that will serve as a springboard for future research and new innovations. All aspects of this multidisciplinary field are covered, including degradative fungi, taxonomy, biochemistry, enzymology, reactor engineering, genetic engineering, and the ecology of biodegradation. Not only does the book provide a solid foundation in the theoretical underpinnings of mycoremediation, but it also features step-by-step guidance for a myriad of effective techniques to identify, select, and apply fungi towards the remediation of contaminated sites.

Advances in crop microbiome research could revolutionize agriculture
The interface between plant roots and soil—a zone called the rhizosphere—and the root itself are sites of colonization for microbes capable of enhancing mineral uptake by the plant, of both actively synthesizing and modulating the plant's synthesis of chemical compounds called phytohormones that modulate plant growth and development, and of protecting plants from soil-derived pests and pathogens. For these reasons, scientists are looking to manipulate the microbes populating this belowground habitat to sustainably increase crop production.

Moss that can remove lead from water identified
Tokyo: Scientists have identified a type of moss that can efficiently absorb a large amount of lead, providing a green alternative for decontaminating polluted water and soil.

cows - seaweed - methane
Study: Seaweed in Cow Feed Reduces Methane Emissions Almost Entirely
A Sprinkle of Seaweed Could Deflate Gassy Cows
Scientists are working to curtail the seven billion metric tons of CO2 equivalents cattle spew into the atmosphere every year.
Irish farmers to create seaweed eating 'supercows' in bid to fight climate change
Change of diet could reduce methane emissions by 99%, researchers claim
Seaweed shown to reduce 99% methane from cattle
Welcome for Canadian and Australian studies that also show healthier, more fertile cattle

GreenWave is an ocean farmer and fisherman-run organization dedicated to building a new blue-green economy that creates jobs, mitigates climate change and grows healthy food for local communities.

In Antarctic dry valleys, early signs of climate change-induced shifts in soil
In a study spanning two decades, a team of researchers led by Colorado State University found declining numbers of soil fauna, nematodes and other animal species in the McMurdo Dry Valleys, one of the world's driest and coldest deserts. This discovery is attributed to climate change, which has triggered melting and thawing of ice in this desert since an uncharacteristically warm weather event in 2001.

White blood cells launch DNA 'webs' to warn of invaders
When some of our white blood cells detect viruses or other microbes that have invaded our bodies, they may alert other cells to the threat by spraying out some of their DNA. This unexpected warning system, described in a study out this week, could hasten the body's response to pathogens.
"It might be a new way for immune cells to detect infections and get rid of them," says innate immunologist Paul Kubes of the University of Calgary in Canada, who isn't connected to the study.

Fiber Is Good for Us, but Scientists Haven't Known Why Until Now
It's a well-known fact that fiber plays a key role in everything from digestive to heart health. And now, we know why it's so crucial.

Can Understanding the Gut Microbiome Improve Clinical Oncology?

A Self-Portrait of the Microbes that Live on our Skin
British artist Mellissa Fisher worked with Professor Mark Clemens from the University of Westminster and Dr. Richard Harvey from King's College London to create these portraits. This collaboration helped the artist get closer to the scientific practice, while helping the researchers explore different ways of culturing and visualizing microorganisms.

Good news on the horizon for Montana Pole Plant, says DEQ
The county asked the state to look into alternative methods to treat the dioxin. Bowers said there are "promising, emerging technologies in the field of bioremediation, but they're not achieving cleanup levels."

Your gut microbes may give melanoma treatment a boost
Having the right balance between good and bad microbes in the gut may improve the likelihood that immunotherapy successfully treats melanoma, which is the most aggressive and dangerous form of skin cancer.

Treating Disease by Nudging the Microbes Inside Us

Global Algae Innovations
How Algae Could Change The Fossil Fuel Industry

Redefining Leather with Mycelium
We are working together to solve today's greatest challenges with products made from mycelium, a rapidly renewable natural resource. Our discoveries are foundational to the field of mycotecture and draw from over 20 years of research into designing and engineering mycelium materials. Along with our visionary partners and customers, MycoWorks is building a better world with nature's best tools.
Mushroom leather: The future is fungal
This mushroom material can grow a whole cowhide's worth of leather in two months.
San Francisco-based start-up MycoWorks developed a method to grow mycelium into a leather-like material that can be used in the same way as animal skins. Their low-tech alternative involves growing the mushroom-leather out of agricultural waste and by-products in a process that is sustainable, environmentally friendly and uses far fewer resources than farming livestock.
The Next Leather Jacket Will Be Made From Mushrooms
How an artist took the cow out of leather and replaced it with 'shroom skins
Making Mycelium - 5 steps
Everything you own could one day be made from mushrooms

The Mighty Antarctic Microbes That Survive on Air Alone

Chennai oil spill: Disposing of toxic chocolate mousse scooped in buckets, safely

Danny Ford, others receive first permits to grow hemp in South Carolina

Bacteria-Basted Supertrees Are Sucking Pollution From Our Waste Sites

Humungous fungus is largest living organism on Earth

Giant Clams - potential to clean up ocean oil spills
Back in 2011, CleanTechnica took note of a research project aimed at demonstrating that giant clams can clean up ocean oil spills. Well, file that under S for Setting the bar kind of low. If new research from the University of Pennsylvania bears fruit, giant clams could provide the inspiration for a new solar energy "transformer" system that leverages sunlight to produce biofuel. That could help reduce the need for offshore oil drilling altogether. - article

Virginia's experimental hemp research program still "a work in progress"
Virginia is wrapping up its second year of a research program that allows farmers to grow hemp, a crop long banned because of its association with marijuana.

Gene Amplification Technologies Market foreseen to grow exponentially over 2024
Microbial Products Market Strategic Assessment of Emerging Technologies in - By 2027

Nature demonstrates how bacteria degrade lignin and provides better understanding to make biofuels
The production of biofuels from plant biomass is a highly promising source of energy, but researchers are trying to find microbes that readily degrade recalcitrant lignin found in plant biomass. Recent comprehensive genomic and metabolomic analysis of a known lignin-degrading bacterium provides insight into how this degradation is accomplished.

5 good reasons why you should stop using soap on your skin
Although it does a good job cleaning, soap does not respect the integrity of your skin and can cause premature ageing and acne.
Editor's note: this may not apply to natural soap, such as Dr. Bronner's, that works with the skin and does not contain any chemicals. Especially avoid anti-bacterial soaps.

CD4 T cells, xenobiotic transporters, and metabolites in inflammatory bowel diseases
The immune system counters pathogenic microbes and toxins in the environment. The system comprises innate (non-specific) and adaptive (acquired) immunity. When innate immune cells recognize pathogens, the adaptive immune system is called into action. There are two types of adaptive immune responses: humoral immunity mediated by antibodies produced by B cells, and cell-mediated immunity mediated by T cells, a type of white blood cell.

Get kids interested in Science
Jane F. Baker's advanced art class welcomed Marine Biological Laboratory scientist Roger T. Hanlon in early December to talk about his work with octopuses, squid and cuttlefish, which can change their skin color on demand.
Ms. Baker said that this watercolor lesson, which calls for the students to make an abstract painting can be challenging for the student artist. Slides of nature and science can be a jumping-off point for students to explore abstract design.

Indoor plants are natural air filters

Solar Bio-battery
The solar bio-battery is part of a new type of renewable energy research known as microbial biophotovoltaics (BPV), which make use of cyanobacteria and other photosynthetic algae to convert light into electricity.
Living Solar Panels Printed On Wallpaper Harvest Sun's Energy Through Photosynthesis
A new type of ultra-thin solar panel made from living organisms could lead to next-generation electrical devices that can be made on a home printer, researchers say.
A team of scientists from Imperial College London and Central Saint Martins, also in London, created a bio-solar panel using a micro-organism called cyanobacteria, which uses photosynthesis to harvest energy from sunlight.
By using the cyanobacteria as an ink, they can be printed onto paper alongside electrically conductive carbon nanotubes using an off-the-shelf inkjet printer. Potential applications of these bio-solar panels include paper-based diabetes monitors and air quality sensors that resemble wallpaper.

Ancient Algae
In 1990, scientists found the fossil of ancient algae that they believe may be the oldest known direct ancestor of modern plants and animals. But the exact age of the algae has long been up for debate. New research from McGill University in Canada may have the answer.
Bangiomorpha pubescens, a type of red algae, is the first known organism to sexually reproduce, which makes it the ancient ancestor to all sexually reproductive life on Earth. Fossils of this ancient creature found in Baffin Island in Canada nearly 30 years ago could be one of the oldest remnants of modern life.

University of Wyoming received $20 million grant from National Science Foundation
Vercoe said microbial research is a fairly new scientific field, and much of the research has been focused on how microbes affect the human body, such as gut health.
The center also can look for ways to use microbes to improve or support the mining, agriculture, ranching and microbrewery industries.

Vaginas Have Their Own Microbiome. Here's What You Need To Know About It
SmartJane™ is the world's first test that can tell you what's really going on "down there," including different types of HPV, other sexually transmitted infections, and 23 different types of microbes that contribute to your overall health. In addition, SmartJane reports on connections between your unique vaginal microbiome and many health conditions, including bacterial vaginosis, cervicitis, idiopathic infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and aerobic vaginitis.

PSA from your gut microbes: Enjoy the holidays, but don't forget your fiber
Anyone watching their waistline this holiday season may want to pay attention to what their gut bacteria are eating. It's not just calories that matter in a healthy diet -- it's fiber, which can influence weight gain, blood sugar, insulin sensitivity, and colon health. Research with mice help shed light on how and why fiber has such a powerful effect on the entire body.

How to keep your gut healthy over the holidays
This year has seen a steep increase in our appreciation of the trillions of microbes that share our bodies. So, here are our tips for keeping your microbial passengers happy over the holidays.
Gone are days when we saw the plethora of microorganisms that colonize our bodies as mere hitchhikers.
Today, we appreciate that our gut microbiota plays a crucial role in our health. We need to keep our tiny partners-in-crime happy; if we don't, things can go sour rather quickly.

Genes in Space-3 successfully identifies unknown microbes in space

Essential science: Link between gut microbes and despair
Research into to the human microbiome continues to produce new medical findings of interest. The latest news is a connection between an imbalance of microorganisms in the human gut and feelings of despair.

Scientists engineer microbes to form 'memories' of their environment
Inserting chemically sensitive genes into the DNA of bacteria can produce lasting "memories" of their environment and show scientists how they communicate.

Links added in 2017

Divers find methane-eating organisms deep in flooded cave
Mexico: Cryptic Sunken Underworld of Flooded Caves and Subterranean Rivers Revealed by Scientists
A cryptic sunken underworld in Mexico's Yucatan Peninsula is home to a previously unknown ecosystem being fuelled by methane, scientists have announced.
The weird, otherworldly flooded caves and subterranean rivers have been found to host lifeforms in the same way as parts of the deep oceans and lakes - providing scientists with a better understanding of how these hidden worlds function.

Exotic Australian Plants Have Superpowers That Can Be Used to Clean Up Chemical Spills
And soak up damage after nuclear accidents.
Australian Native Plants Could Clean Up Polluted Soils And Chemical Spills, A New Study Reveals

From brown to green: DENR battles environmental issues through biotech
As the research bureau of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), the Ecosystems Research and Development Bureau (ERDB) conducts various researches to help protect and preserve the environment. The ERDB takes advantage of the plant-microorganism relationships in developing biofertilizer that are useful to produce quality planting materials.

Verde Valley rivers face threat in cleanliness
According to Hitchcock, reprocessing mining materials is another way to help the river systems recover from heavy metal pollution that enters waterways when it rains.
"Novel reprocessing technologies to extract valuable metals and minerals from the waste are being developed using mechanical and natural processes, such as bioremediation," Hitchcock said. "Bioremediation uses microorganisms or plants to consume environmental pollutants. Some of these plants can then be harvested and burned to collect the metal left in the ash."

UTA detects pathogenic bacteria in Texas groundwater near natural gas extraction sites

Vegetable-rich Diet Promotes Bacteria That Fights Inflammation in MS, Study Shows

Domestic life may not help your horse's gut health, research suggests

Future research could lessen mastitis susceptibility - ProfDelegates at the the 3rd Milk Quality Academy were told researchers have been able to use next-generation pyro-sequencing to separate bacterial DNA from host DNA in the mammary microbiome.

Baby's Microbiome Development Delayed When Antibiotics Given during Labor
Here's a New Reason You Should Worry About Antibiotics
In the study, published Monday in the journal Nature Microbiology, researchers gave healthy pregnant mice either a normal microbiome or one that had been exposed to antibiotics. Once the mice pups were born, the researchers found that the microbiome changes in the mothers had been passed on to their offspring.

Vedanta Biosciences Expands Network of Clinical Collaborations Supporting Development of Microbiome Therapeutics for Cancer Immunotherapy

Shroom Out at the Fungus Fair This Sunday
It's not just things that will kill you, things that will get you high, and things that taste good on the grill - although that's arguably plenty.
Sunday, Dec. 3, the Mycological Society of San Francisco throws its annual Fungus Fair in Golden Gate Park's County Fair Building.

Gadkari appeals to Indian Business Leaders in Uk to Participate in The Project to Clean the Ganges River

Could mouthwash put you at risk for diabetes? What you need to know
People who used mouthwash twice or more daily had a "significantly" higher risk of developing pre-diabetes and diabetes than those who swished it less frequently, a study recently published in the journal Nitric Oxide found. The authors believe it's the first paper to look at whether mouthwash use is a risk factor for the disease.
Editor's note: controversial, but if microbes influence diabetes, repeatedly killing the microbes in your mouth might be a factor. Use a natural mouthwash if you don't want to kill off your microbes.

Natural Remedy
After the fires, mycoremediation offers a 'tragic opportunity'
The disaster of October's wildfires didn't stop once the flames were finally extinguished. The toxic ash left by the firestorms - incinerated plastics, hydrocarbons, solvents, pesticides, heavy metals - lay like a ticking bomb on home sites, awaiting a rain storm to wash the deadly debris into drains and creeks. Once in waterways, the lethal plume could infiltrate watersheds and imperil drinking water and aquatic life.
But thanks to an unprecedented public-private partnership, protection from that environmental hazard in hard-hit areas like Coffey Park, Larkfield-Wikiup and Fountain Grove has come from an unlikely source: mushrooms.
Erik Ohlsen, a landscape architect and permaculture educator, saw that second wave of disaster coming and acted quickly to rally a diverse team of volunteers, environmental groups, landowners and public agencies to deploy cutting-edge bioremediation techniques using mushrooms and compost to absorb and neutralize the deadly runoff. He created the Fire Remediation Action Coalition on Facebook to help organize the effort and spread the word.

Scientists test dog poo to find out more about dogs swimming in Thames
As part of a study into how dogs pick up microbes while swimming in the River Thames, scientists spent the day at a Wallingford park sampling steaming fresh piles of evidence.

Berkeley Lab studies effects of North Bay fires on Sonoma County water
With the coming rainy season, some Sonoma County residents are fearful of the effects of runoff from the recent North Bay fires entering the nearby Russian River, a major source of water for Sonoma and Marin counties.
Scientists at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory are studying the fire's impact on the Russian River and the groundwater system, which serves about 600,000 residents in Sonoma and Marin counties, according to an article published by the lab last week.

Soil Science News
Novel wheat microbiome analysis conducted under four management strategies
Shows promising evidence of aboveground microbial communities' importance in plant health
American Phytopathological Society
A novel study has been conducted on the microbial composition of wheat leaves, stems, and roots under four management strategies: conventional, no-till, organic, and reduced chemical inputs. They took 200-plus samples from each of 24 test plots, using DNA sequencing and culture collections to identify microbial communities, isolate potential strains of pathogen-resistant fungi, and ascertain the influence of management strategies on these communities. Learn more about their findings.

Cutting Down on Cow Burps to Ease Climate Change
Livestock has directly caused about a quarter of industrial-age warming. Scientists in New Zealand are working on an anti-burp vaccine for those methane-emitting cows.
Editor's note: or go vegetarian and help the environment in hundreds of ways.

Flies more germ-laden than suspected

Biomillenia Leverages QIAGEN Bioinformatics in Microbiome-on-a-Chip Discovery of Unculturable Microbes
Biomillenia, the developer of Smart Microbes, announced a collaboration with QIAGEN for use of QIAGEN's Microbial Genomics Pro Suite to generate next generation sequence data on microbes identified using Biomillenia's proprietary microbiome-on-a-chip technology. Biomillenia's approach is able to identify strains of microbes previously deemed unculturable, and at unprecedented speeds.

Chemistry, minerals and microbes in nuclear waste management
Current solutions for intermediate and higher activity radioactive wastes storage are temporary. Nuclear waste stores have lifetimes of around 100 years and storage ponds, which dissipate the decay heat from used nuclear fuel and act as powerful radiation shields, several decades. Research into biogeochemical control over radionuclide behaviour is therefore of great value for a deep geological disposal solution, writes Katherine Morris.

NASA is Launching Microbes into Space to Better Treat Astronauts

The Ocean Scientist With a Hydrothermal Microbe Zoo in Her Lab
Anna-Louise Reysenbach is searching the sea floor for clues about life on Earth and beyond.

Family risk for childhood asthma may involve microbes found in baby's digestive tract
Gut bacteria, not just genetics, linked to asthma

Researcher discusses the biological crosstalk between microbes and hosts
Stavroula Hatzios listens in on dialogues between infectious bacteria and host cells. Trained in chemistry at MIT and Berkeley, she joined West Campus in January 2017 as a faculty member of the Microbial Sciences Institute and the Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology.
Editor's note: I would like to see what the good microbes talk about too.

Intelligence of Microbes
INTELLIGENCE IS NOT a quality to attribute lightly to microbes. There is no reason to think that bacteria, slime molds and similar single-cell forms of life have awareness, understanding or other capacities implicit in real intellect. But particularly when these cells commune in great numbers, their startling collective talents for solving problems and controlling their environment emerge.

Sea Plankton on Space Station? Russian Official Claims It's So

Bacteria on Space Station Likely From Germy Humans, Not Aliens
The organisms swabbed on the outside of the International Space Station are most likely terrestrial, like other space contaminants.

We are basically positive that the Russians did not find alien bacteria in space

Long-haired termite-gut microbes named for rock band Rush
Meet the world's most rockin' microbes, a shaggy power trio named after the members of prog-rock band Rush.

The Zombie Diseases of Climate Change
The Arctic Ocean is home to "permafrost," layers of ice and dirt teeming with dead stuff: plants, animals, and bacteria. Recently the frost has started to thaw, which could release abnormal viruses into the world and reinfect humanity.
Editor's Note: maybe there are good bacteria, viruses, and other microbes in there too. Maybe they can help somehow.

Initiative to address challenges facing Hawai'i and the world launches with research projects
The eight research projects of the inaugural University of Hawai'i at Mānoa Strategic Investment Initiative have been selected. Each project capitalizes on the strengths of the university and focuses on a challenge facing Hawai'i such as resource management and revitalizing the Ala Wai watershed, the solutions of which can be exported to the world.

Would you put bacteria on your face? This brand thinks you should
A new wave of probiotic skincare products has launched over the past year or so, promising to rebalance your skin's microbiome (surface layer of bacteria). While these products have created a stir and many have been applauded for helping to replenish your skin's good bacteria, so far none have contained live bacteria (the kind you'd find in a yoghurt, which could go out-of-date within a couple of weeks).

Wildlife Tracking Drones Follow the Whale-road
When whales surface and let out their breath, it creates a cloud of spray and fog - hence the call of 19th-century New England whalers: "Thar she blows!" This cloud of exhaled whale breath contains "a biological treasure trove of mammalian DNA, microbiome, stress and pregnancy hormones," NBC News explained.

Adopting a dog could lengthen your life, study says
"Other explanations include an increased well-being and social contacts or effects of the dog on the bacterial microbiome in the owner," she said in a university news release.
A person's "bacterial microbiome" consists of the trillions of "good" microbes living within the body that help keep it healthy.

Oral bacteria in the gut could drive immune cell induction and inflammatory bowel disease
Investigators have investigated the relationship between salivary microbes and IBD, and they found that when the bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae colonizes in an intestine out of microbial balance, immune cells called T helper 1 (TH1) become overactive in the gut, resulting in intestinal inflammation leading to the onset of IBD.

Connection between Microbiome and Tissue Contractions Critical for Healthy Bowel Functions

New study 'sheds light' on sun's role in mitigating fungal disease of mango fruit
Mango fruits play host to some economically damaging fungal diseases, especially during ripening and storage; but mango growers and suppliers have a new ray of the form of sunlight.
In a recent Phytobiomes journal article, Noam Alkan and colleagues at the Agricultural Research Organization, Volcani Center in Israel show some promising new research that explores the role of sunlight in boosting the levels of beneficial microorganisms in mango fruits to combat stem end rot.
The research, discussed through their article titled, "Microbiome Alterations Are Correlated with Occurrence of Postharvest Stem-End Rot in Mango Fruit," offers a detailed account of their study.
Microbiome Alterations Are Correlated with Occurrence of Postharvest Stem-End Rot in Mango Fruit

10 days to go: IPA World Congress + Probiota 2018 wants your ground breaking research abstracts!

Research Links Gut Health to Neurodegeneration
Rodent studies presented at the Society for Neuroscience meeting this week tie pathologies in the gastrointestinal tract or microbiome composition with Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.
How bacteria in the gut influence neurodegenerative disorders

The 4 Microbiomes That Keep You Healthy (And How to Best Support Them)
Your gut, your skin, your vagina, your blood

Project to produce biogas from waste water
A group of biotechnologists from Vignan University [AP, India] have developed a model for conversion of domestic sewage water into biogas and bio-manure.
Led by scientist M.S Shivakiran, Department of Biotechnology, VU, two students Manikanta and Ravichandra, the model has employed a method called 'Phytoremediation' through which aquatic plants like water hyacinth could be used to produce biogas.

Alligator weed accumulates heavy metals from its surrounding water and soil
Consumption of a weed, commonly sold in the city's markets as a variety of leafy vegetable, could pose a health hazard, warns a recently-published research by the scientists at University of Hyderabad.

University Of Virginia And 22nd Century Group Complete Hemp Harvest
This year's trial involved identifying promising oil and fiber varieties that could be grown throughout the USA's tobacco belt region.

The fungus among us
Fungi is a very large group of organisms in their own kingdom (fungi), which is separate from the plant and animal kingdoms. Fungi include yeasts, molds and mushrooms, to name a few members you may recognize - an estimated 2 million plus species, many of which have yet to be fully understood.

European project to boost multi-trophic aquaculture environment
Eight organisations from Spain, France, Ireland, Portugal and the United Kingdom have partnered up to implement project INTEGRATE, intended to improve the environmental performance of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA).

Remediation To Begin Soon For Contaminated Site Of Former Gas Plant
Chemically contaminated soil and groundwater on property in Hartland Township [Michigan] will be the focus of cleanup efforts set to begin next week.

Harnessing Epigenetics to Prevent the Immune System from Attacking Itself

Evidence grows that your microbiome prefers plants
(must respond to a short survey to read this one)

Germ-free lab focuses on tiny life forms that inhabit our bodies
At this lab, the largest operation of its kind at an academic institution in the world, research will focus on the trillions of tiny life forms that inhabit our bodies and play an instrumental role in our health, known collectively as the microbiome.
"We think of it actually as another organ," says Kathy McCoy, the centre's scientific director.
"And so if any organ in your body gets sick, it's going to have an impact on your health."
Humans are colonized by microbes from the second they are born and are never without them from then on. McCoy says they play a key role in training the immune system and a host of other functions. Scientists have even been researching a potential link between gut microbes and autism.

Photonic BioSystems seeks licensees for microbial detection and sampling tech
Photonic BioSystems is looking for licensees to bring its microbial detection and sampling technologies to market.

Mysteries of microbiota
Lots of talk last month about the health effects of gut bacteria at the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics' food and nutrition conference in Chicago. The right balance of good bugs in our lower intestines can stimulate our immune system, help manage our weight and perhaps even protect us from diseases like type 2 diabetes, according to some research.

Extremely ancient lifeform discovered in Tasmania
Rare freshwater stromatolites have been found in a UN-protected wilderness zone. Andrew Masterson reports.

Experiment on Earth suggests microbes could survive on Mars
Astrobiologists estimate the sediment layers on Mars act similarly to ancient Arctic permafrost, preserving microbes in a cryo-conserved state.

Human cells, hardy microbes share common ancestor
To Tom Santangelo, single-celled microorganisms called archaea are like ancient mariners, surviving among the most extreme conditions on Earth, including volcanic vents in the deep ocean.
The Colorado State University researcher studies how these hardy microbes - which constitute one of three surviving domains of life - express their genes, produce their energy, and thrive in hot, lightless environments.

The Dark, Teeming Vineyard Underworld
Explore the rhizosphere, the world below grapevines that might hold the key to the future of farming, and wine.
The rhizosphere is the area that immediately surrounds a vine's roots. It teems with microbial life, and it's where countless interchanges take place, not all of them understood. Life in the rhizosphere is far more active than in the surrounding soil. What affect does this have on grape vines and the fruit that they grow?

To Find New Biofuel Enzymes, It Can Take a Microbial Village
Berkeley Lab-led study unveils new source of robust cellulases in compost
A new study led by researchers at the Department of Energy's Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI), based at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), demonstrates the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels.

Creative Santa Fe - a positive change
By Joseph Kelly
Three years ago, in 2015, I moved from Santa Fe to Atlanta to launch my bioremediation company, HiveMind. . . . HiveMind couldn't have been birthed anywhere else - working with dedicated Navajo activists seeking to clean up abandoned uranium mines on the reservation, aided by brilliant mycologists and geologists from The University of New Mexico, and using Santa Fe as a base of operations, often unwinding over beer and chile rellenos at the Cowgirl BBQ. Still, I felt I needed the opportunities afforded by a larger city.

Neutrons probe oxygen-generating enzyme for a greener approach to clean water
A new study sheds light on a unique enzyme that could provide an eco-friendly treatment for chlorite-contaminated water supplies and improve water quality worldwide. An international team of researchers used neutron analysis, X-ray crystallography and other techniques to study chlorite dismutase, an enzyme that breaks down the environmental pollutant chlorite into harmless byproducts. Their results advance understanding of the catalytic process involved to support future applications in bioremediation and biotechnology.

Global Environmental Remediation Technology Market by Type (Bioremediation, Pump & Treat, Soil Vapor Extraction), Environmental Medium, Technology, Application (Soil, Ground Water, Sediment, Surface Water), End-User, Geography & Forecast to 2022
Environmental remediation deals with the removal of pollution or contaminants from environmental media such as soil, groundwater, sediment, or surface water. This would mean that once requested by the government or a land remediation authority, immediate action should be taken as this can impact negatively on human health and the environment.
This research report provides an in-depth analysis of the global Environmental Remediation Technology Market based on enterprise size, services, solution, end-use industry, and geography.

Gut Microbes Can Shape Responses to Cancer Immunotherapy
Studies find that species diversity and antibiotics influence cutting-edge treatments
Gut microbiome modulates response to anti - PD-1 immunotherapy in melanoma patients

Seres teams with cancer heavyweights for microbiome-checkpoint inhibitor combination trial
Seres Therapeutics has formed a collaboration to test microbiome therapy SER-401 in combination with an anti-PD-1 checkpoint inhibitor. The Parker Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy is sponsoring the trial, which will take place at the MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Editor's note: the best therapy for your microbiome is to eat a healthy plant-based diet and avoid antibiotics and other harmful chemicals.

How the Gut Microbiome Affects Outcomes in HIV
"Gut microbiome" is becoming a buzzword in the health care community. For decades, the gut microbiome was accepted as a simple fact - a collection of microbiota in the intestines that if disrupted, resulted in gastrointestinal signs and symptoms. However, it's increasingly apparent that the gut microbiome has extensive function throughout the body.

Strong Evidence Emerging That Gut Microbiome Is a Key Variable in Immunotherapy Efficacy
Immunologic fitness orchestrated by the gut microbiome is strongly suspected of mediating response to cancer treatments, according to an area of research that is heating up quickly. Experimental studies published by independent research groups over the past 5 years have made this hypothesis increasingly plausible. Not least intriguing, the specific mix of commensal intestinal microflora may explain why only a limited proportion of patients achieve long-term responses to checkpoint inhibitors.
"I want to convince you that the microbiome can actually dictate the cancer immune set-point," said Laurence Zitvogel, MD, PhD, group leader, Tumor Immunology and Immunotherapy, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France.

A Silicon Valley Startup Wants Women To Test Their Vaginal Microbiota At Home
San Francisco-based uBiome's new test, which it's calling SmartJane, performs STI testing, HPV high- or low-risk strain identification and microbiome profiling all from a sample a woman collects herself and mails to the company lab for testing.

Biotech firms race to recruit good bugs in war on cancer
(Reuters) - Biotech companies are competing to develop medicines using "bugs as drugs" to fight cancer, building on the latest scientific findings that patients with high levels of good gut bacteria are more likely to respond to modern immunotherapy.

Researchers harness methane-consuming microbes for use in industrial applications
A University of Oklahoma research team, led by OU Professor Lee Krumholz, is studying methane-consuming microbes from extreme environments that can be re-engineered for industrial applications, such as biodegradable plastics and electricity. OU's role in the collaborative study with South Dakota School of Mines and Technology and Montana State University is to collect microbial samples from extreme environmental sites and to extract DNA and RNA to determine the microbial community composition and the microbial activities that pertain to methane consumption.

UD researchers look into microbe genes
University of Delaware researchers are taking a deeper look at microbes and how the environment they are in affects their genetics.

They want to know where these single-celled organisms are and what they're doing.
UD College of Earth, Ocean and Environment professor Jennifer Biddle says microbes in our gut and on our skin can prevent disease. They also make the oxygen we breathe and help degrade trash and litter.
"I like to tell people - they're in you, they're on you and they'll kill you, but really most of the microbes we have are quite friendly," Biddle said.

Seeing the Beautiful Intelligence of Microbes
Bacterial biofilms and slime molds are more than crude patches of goo. Detailed time-lapse microscopy reveals how they sense and explore their surroundings, communicate with their neighbors and adaptively reshape themselves.

Healthy gut bacteria could help protect you from almost EVERY age-related disease, study finds

Ganga pollution: Centre turns to 'sewage-eating' microbes to treat Ganga water at 54 new sites

How Is Carbon Trapped In Our Soils?
In a string of recent research, studies have found dirt may be the hidden key to a climate solution. It's not the most glamorous of topics for most people, but soils around the world both have the ability to capture and release carbon enough to significantly dampen the effects of climate change.
Long-term pattern and magnitude of soil carbon feedback to the climate system in a warming world
The Ecology of Soil Carbon: Pools, Vulnerabilities, and Biotic and Abiotic Controls

A pollution solution that's growing on trees - Phytoremediation
New research at Moffett Field finds poplars can rid groundwater of TCE
"The biggest benefit of having the trees pumping water from the ground is you're able to effectively remediate a much large volume of water and you're able to do it at a much faster pace," he said. "This is a cleanup method that's publicly appealing, effective and it's not resource intensive."

22nd Century Completes Successful Hemp Field Trials with University of Virginia
First harvest identifies proprietary hemp varieties with excellent agronomic qualities
CLARENCE, N.Y.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--22nd Century Group, Inc. (NYSE American: XXII), a plant biotechnology company focused on tobacco harm reduction and cannabis research, announced today that the Company and the University of Virginia ("UVA") completed their first successful harvest of hemp plants and identified several promising hemp varieties that could form the foundation for commercial hemp production throughout the legacy tobacco belt region of the United States.

Phytoforensics: Using Trees to Find Contamination
The United States Geological Survey (USGS) recently prepared on Fact Sheet on how phytoforensics can be used to screen for contamination prior to traditional sampling methods. Phytoforensics is a low cost, rapid sampling method that collects tree-core samples from the tree trunk to map the extent of contamination below the ground.

5 Reasons To Get Your Microbiome Sequenced
The proper balance of bacteria and fungi in the microbiome plays a critical role in our digestion, immunity, and so many other aspects of our health. Maintaining a healthy gut can feel overwhelming at times - with so much information out there and experts offering conflicting advice.
So where do you start? A great place to begin your journey to optimal gut health is by getting a BIOHM Gut Report.
BIOHM Health was founded by Dr. Ghannoum, the scientist who named the microbiome and one of the world's leading experts in medically important fungus and microbiome sequencing. Dr. Ghannoum's scientific research has resulted in over 400 peer reviewed scientific papers, and his publications have been cited over 18,000 times.

The Ultimate Guide To Eating For Your Microbiome
by Lynda Griparic
I always encourage my clients to eat at least eight servings of microbiome-enhancing foods every day. While that seems like a lot, it's actually quite doable.

Gut bacterium indirectly causes symptoms by altering fruit fly microbiome
Findings suggest the possibility of manipulating gut microbiome to treat disease
Editor's note: if you eat well and take care of your microbiome, you won't need surgery, etc., but for those too lazy for that, modern medicine can intervene.

Study reveals connection between microbiome and autoimmune disorders
Cumming School discovery of new mechanism in the gut microbiome has implications for inflammatory bowel disease

Healthy aging may be linked to our guts - or rather to the diverse species of bacteria, known as the gut microbiome, that reside there.

Gut Bacteria May Hold Clues to Parkinson's Disease
$2.1M grant goes to research on using microbiome to find illness' early signs

If You Take Acid Reflux Meds, Your Liver Could Be in Trouble
If you take this kind of antacid, you may be putting your liver at risk - especially if you like a few glasses of wine with dinner or regularly indulge in cocktails or beer.
There are inexpensive and readily available alternatives to PPIs, although these also affect the gut microbiome to a lesser degree. The safest option for any GERD patients is to try non-pharmacological methods, such as losing weight and reducing intake of alcohol, caffeine, and fatty and spicy foods.

The sugars in mum's breast milk, known to feed good bacteria in infants to keep them healthy, could be used to treat a range of conditionsin adults like diabetes, and irritable bowel syndrome.
A start-up biotech company in the US is planning to isolate the sugars found in breast milk and turns them into prebiotic supplements. This surprising new health trend could see adults using it to improve their gut health.
Sugarlogix, based in Berkely, California, has pegged the supplement to be the next big health craze.

Organic waste recycling business to open next year
Eco Depot will transform waste into compost
THUNDER BAY -- Work continues on the infrastructure for a new waste diversion facility, the first of its kind in northwestern Ontario, which will initially process up to 30,000 tons of organic waste a year.

Health Scientist Focuses on Water Quality and Bioremediations
Profile of Phillip Gedalanga
What would you like the general public to know about your research?
It is important for the public to be more aware of microbial water quality. There are natural microbes present in water that provide no threat to us. Hopefully, we can use such microbes to help us discover when there is a problem and develop an understanding of microbial communities in these environments so we can use them in positive ways.

EKOGRID in-situ test for creosote remediation completed for global rollout
Greentech specialists Eko Harden Technologies today announces that completion of a year-long controlled test of contaminated creosote soil in Canada using its pioneering EKOGRID technology allows it to proceed with the development of an in-situ solution for railroads authorities, oil and gas producers and timber firms.
In the near term, industry will be able to use EKOGRID to eliminate any creosote health risks from soils previously considered untreatable and unreachable by current oxidation or bioremediation methods.

An exploration of magic mushrooms, the psyche, and the forest

Heavily polluted River Ravi threatens citizens' lives, Pakistan
The heavily polluted water of River Ravi poses serious health and environmental hazards to its consumers as untreated domestic and industrial waste continue to be dumped unchecked into it.
They have planned to install 11 treatment plants to make River Ravi pollution-free after EPD put pressure on it."

Balili River Restoration, The Philippines
Prof. Jones Napaldet of the Benguet State University talked on exploring phytoremediation in the revitalization of Balili River and Lito Ayyokad of Hedcor Inc. on clean river initiatives during the whole day forum.
Phytoremediation is the use of specific plants, as results of research, to reduce pollution in bodies of water.

UO zebrafish study sheds light on how microbes are shared
Through collaborations in the UO's Institute of Ecology and Evolution, the Biology and the Built Environment Center and META Center for Systems Biology since arriving at the UO in 2006, Brendan Bohannan also turned to exploring the influences of microbes on both the outside and inside of humans and animals.

MSU researchers receive $1.8 million to study methane-converting microbes
Montana State University researchers have received $1.8 million from the National Science Foundation for a collaborative project to study methane-consuming microbes and develop ways of using them to make commercial products such as plastics.
Building Genome-to-Phenome Infrastructure for Regulating Methane in Deep and Extreme Environments - alludes to where the researchers will look for the microbes: in the thermal features of Yellowstone National Park and underground in a former South Dakota gold mine.
The MSU researchers will focus on developing models that explain the metabolism of the microbes, as well as on exploring ways to design and construct biofilms that optimize the methanotrophs' ability to form organic compounds, which could in turn be used to produce plastics, biofuels and other products.
MSU researchers receive $1.8 million to study methane-converting microbes in YNP

How gut bacteria saved 'dirty mice' from death
By Elizabeth Pennisi
some of the microbes naturally residing in your body - your microbiome - help keep you healthy. Researchers aware of this reality have now shown that transplanting gut bacteria from wild mice into "clean" lab mice has made those rodents less likely to die from the flu or develop cancer. The findings could usher in lab mice equipped with different kinds of bacteria to reflect real-world conditions.
Gut bacteria from wild mice boost health in lab mice

ASU research discovers photosynthetic microbiomes live on the carbon source of the rocks they excavate
While land plants get most of their carbon dioxide from the air, aquatic microalgae and cyanobacteria obtain it from dissolved carbon dioxide or bicarbonates in water.
However, a team of researchers led by ASU scientist Ferran Garcia-Pichel has shown new evidence that some cyanobacteria get out their biological pickaxes and get to work digging into solid rocks such as limestones to mine for their carbon sources there. And they do this with particular gusto when the availability of dissolved carbon dioxide in the water is limited.

A Macro Look at the Microbiome
Indeed, the methods by which the microbiome is studied represent a challenge noted by John Deaton, vice president of science and technology at Deerland Enzymes & Probiotics (Kennesaw, GA). "It's important to understand the limits of the techniques we currently use to analyze the microbiome," he says, "and how to improve and perfect those techniques."

Are You Getting Enough Prebiotics? Here's How To Know For Sure
Undigestible by the human gastrointestinal tract, prebiotic fibers are plant fibers that make their way undigested to the colon, where friendly microflora ferment them and use them as fuel. Like fertilizer for a garden, these "prebiotics" can stimulate the growth of organisms like Lactobacillus and Bifidobacteria, probiotic species that are absolutely essential for your health.

Does Dietary Protein Affect the Gut Microbiome?
Previous studies have found that diets with a high protein composition cause the gut microbes to process protein during fermentation instead of carbohydrates, and cause a reduction in the number of bacterial groups that produce the useful compound butyrate. The products of protein fermentation include branched-chain fatty acids (BCFAs), ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, phenolic compounds, and amines whereas products of carbohydrate fermentation include short chain fatty acids (SCFAs), acetate, propionate, and butyrate.

Synthetic Spider Silk Is on the Way (Finally)
Spider silk has been something of the Holy Grail for fabrics. If you're old enough to read this, you're also likely well aware that it's among the toughest materials around. It's also light, flexible, and expensive. Spiders, being tiny, only make a little bit of the stuff. Mass producing it to make ultra-light armor, hyper-strong ropes, or anything else amazingly awesome has been slow going. Until now. Start-up Bolt Threads and others are hoping to make the fabric on large scales.

Glyphosate [aka Roundup] on feed affects livestock: vet
A Saskatchewan veterinarian blames glyphosate in feed for livestock health concerns he has encountered but Monsanto disputes that claim, saying studies show gut microbes aren't adversely affected by the chemical.

Ancient sea turtle reveals pigment-based survival trait at least 54 million years old
Ancient turtles benefited from a pigmentation-based survival trait -- or dark shells -- just like their modern relatives.

Natural polyreactive IgA antibodies coat the intestinal microbiota
Increasingly, we recognize that the gut is a specialized organ for maintaining microbial symbioses alongside nutritional functions. The gut produces large quantities of immunoglobulin A (IgA), which adheres to the surface of gut microbes. Bunker et al. discovered that antibodies produced by naïve small intestinal plasma cells are recirculated and enriched within Peyer's patches, independently of exogenous antigen and T cell help. The resulting polyreactive IgAs are released into the gut lumen and bind to microbial surface glycans, thus innately recognizing the gut microbiota. Polyreactive IgAs appear to be a product of the coevolution of host and microbiota to maintain symbiotic homeostasis.

UA researchers find evidence that a drying climate forced ancient humans out of Africa
Researchers from the University of Arizona Geosciences Department have found evidence that climate change sent early humans out of Africa and into Eurasia.

NASA's Dawn mission gears up for close look at Ceres
The solar-powered probe, built by Orbital ATK, will remain in a stable orbit around Ceres once it runs out of hydrazine fuel next year, ensuring it does not crash into the dwarf planet and contaminate it with microbes and toxic materials that may have been carried from Earth.

Breeding cows to put of less methane gas
A group of award-winning scientists think it would be possible through selective breeding to produce gas-free cattle, because a cow's genetic makeup plays a huge role in determining what microbes are found in its gut and, therefore, the amount of greenhouse gas they release into the air.

Researchers discover 'switch' that allows microbes to recognize kin
Molecular biologist Daniel Wall and Ph.D. student Pengbo Cao solved a piece of the mystery surrounding how bacteria recognize family members, helping them band together for protection and even unite to become true multicellular organisms for survival.
How one-celled microbes recognize their kin is described in a paper by University of Wyoming scientists and published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"Probiotics" revive and restore septic tank systems - South Africa
Bioremedial sewage treatment solutions are like probiotics for septic tanks and help revive and restore these systems resulting in much less odour.
That's according to Ian Wright, CEO of organic air, water and sewage treatment firm, Biozone. Wright says natural sewage reclamation solutions, like theirs, reduce the frequency of septic tank pump-outs and extend the life of these systems.

Science Leader Gains "Out of this World" Recognition
Paul Stamets, Founder, Owner and Chief Science Officer for Fungi Perfecti has received an accolade not normally seen in the Natural Products world.

Hot Job: Environmental engineering technician fights contamination in Rochester
The New York State Department of Labor projects job openings for environmental engineering technicians in the Finger Lakes region to rise 28.6 percent between 2014 and 2024. Increased demand is expected to be tied to state and local governments focusing efforts and resources on efficient water use and wastewater treatment.

Students analyzing lionfish for bioremediation
The students of Navarre High School, Navarre Beach Marine Science Station, Gulf Breeze High School and others in Escambia County were partnering with the University of West Florida Center for Environmental Diagnostics and Bioremediation to find out exactly what the invasive lionfish of the Gulf of Mexico are eating.

Walla Walla Community College plays role in shaping a nation
Since last spring Walla Walla has been home to seven Rwandan students . . . All are enrolled at the college, studying soil science, irrigation technology, precision agriculture and water conservation. All seven are graduates of the Gashora Girl's Academy of Science and Technology near Kigali, Rwanda's capital city.

Hello from the #countryside as InstaScram takes a long ride
Singapore - Bollywood Veggies, an organic farm and resource hub. It was opened in 2000 by two larger-than-life individuals. Ivy Singh-Lim, also known as 'The Gentle Warrior' and Lim Ho Seng, who initially set up the farm for their retirement plans.

Herb Fall Conference planned
This weekend Jacksons Mill features the annual West Virginia Herb Fall Conference. Many herb growers and sellers, herbalists and mushroom experts, will be sharing their knowledge and expertise in workshop format from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. Saturday September 30, 2017 and 9 a.m. to noon Sunday October 1, 2017.

E-waste on Ramganga banks has toxic chemicals: Panel to NGT
New Delhi, Sep 27 E-waste lying on the banks of the Ramganga river in Moradabad in Uttar Pradesh contains hazardous chemicals such as chromium and cadmium, a committee has told the National Green Tribunal.
The tribunal was hearing a petition filed by scientist Mahendra Pandey, through advocate Gaurav Bansal, seeking action against illegal processing of electronic waste in Moradabad, Bareilly and Shahjahanpur districts of Uttar Pradesh along the Ramganga river, an important tributary of the Ganges.

'Superficial clean-up not enough; nod for vessels to set sail questionable'
CHENNAI, INDIA: Remember the massive oil spill that polluted the Chennai coast a few months ago? The coast is now totally clean, if you were to go by a report Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change and the Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board.
The report says scientist Sundar Ramanathan, regional office, MoEF&CC, Chennai along with D Vasudevan, district environmental engineer of the TNPCB and two other pollution board officials, carried out an inspection of Kamarajar Port and the shoreline stretch from Ennore in Tiruvallur district to Kanathur in Kancheepuram district and found no trace of oil or tar balls.

How FRIM transformed an old tin mine into a lush, green forest
The seminar, themed "Planting of National and IUCN Red List Species", was organised by the Forest Research Institute Malaysia (FRIM) with the support of the Korea Forest Service and Asia Pacific Association of Forestry Research Institutions (APAFRI).

Opinion: Here's a natural way to control stormwater, reduce flooding and pollution
by Vincent Cotrone
Municipalities that are designated MS4 communities (Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the state Department of Environmental Protection are tasked with finding ways to reduce stormwater runoff. Some municipalities face fines and enforcement for combined sewer overflows that cause untreated sewage to flow into waterways when pipes do not handle increased volumes of stormwater during rain events.
So how to do municipalities begin to reduce stormwater runoff and the pollution associated with it? Well, they can increase the size of underground pipes, holding tanks and the capacity of their sewage treatment plants, which would cost millions of dollars. Or, they can consider some greener and cheaper solutions in concert with the grey infrastructure of pipes and holding tanks.
One of those green and cheap solutions involves the planting of large-canopy trees. A great deal of research by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and others has shown that trees and forests reduce stormwater runoff and pollution in several ways.
Canopy Interception: Trees work like large umbrellas, intercepting and evaporating rainfall in their canopies. Average interception by deciduous trees can range from 700 to 1,000 gallons of rain water annually, while an evergreen can intercept more than 4,000 gallons.

Two Ways of Making Malaria-Proof Mosquitoes
By harnessing the microbes that live inside these bloodsucking insects, scientists are trying to stop them from spreading disease.
The microbes in a mosquito's gut may help fight malaria

Examining the lifestyles of microbes
Scientists are identifying and characterizing more microbes each year using DNA sequencing technologies. As each new species is sequenced, scientists add it to the microbial "tree of life," creating a virtual census of what's there.

Manipulating Microbes May be a Key to the Future of Restorative Health
Rather than a single bacterial magic bullet, imagine instead a future that involves microbial concoctions tailor-made to your microbiome fingerprint to help restore equilibrium.

Editor's note - here's the best way to "manipulate your microbes":
Fresh and Fit: How to diversify your diet - and why you should
There's mounting evidence that eating a diversified diet really is an important part of being healthy. It all stems from the importance of taking proper care of our body's gut microbes. These trillions of bacteria affect our metabolism, immune system and even our mood. They keep our bodies running efficiently. A wider diversity of microbes simply increases that efficiency.

Fungal microbes as biofertilizers in agriculture and gardening - is the reward greater than the risk?
Companies are increasingly producing fungal inoculants and marketing these as biofertilizers to improve plant growth and soil health. However, there is little or no evidence of their effectiveness and possible ecological risks, as shown in a new study published in the journal Functional Ecology on 29 September 2017.

Indigo Harvests $156M to Boost Agtech R&D, Harness Crop Microbes
In the past year, Indigo Ag has brought to the market five microbial seed treatments that help plants hold up to crop stresses, such as drought. The company now has its sights set on developing more products for more applications, and it has raised $156 million to support that work.

'Purple Spots' On Ancient Documents Indicate Deterioration By Microbes
Many ancient documents were created on parchment, which is derived from animal skin. Over time, parchments can be covered in purple spots, making the documents unreadable. (See upper left image.) For the past 40 years, scientists have tried to figure out what was responsible for the splotches, but little progress was made. But now, a team of mainly Italian researchers believes it has identified a potential cause.
DNA sequencing revealed that the purple spots contained greater microbial diversity. The undamaged spots were dominated by the bacterial order Pseudonocardiales. This order was also present in the purple, damaged spots, but these spots also contained a higher fraction of different bacteria, such as Vibrionales.

Looking for life on Mars? Start with microbes in Antarctica
Researchers hope that three thousand year old microbes who have battled the harshest conditions can teach us more about survival

Cold World, Hot Topic: Can Microbes Survive on Mars?
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - A tiny version of Mars on Earth is tucked inside the Space Life Sciences Lab here at NASA's Kennedy Space Center - a specialized simulation chamber that's helping scientists delve into the prospect of detecting life on the Red Planet.

Worries about spreading Earth microbes shouldn't slow search for life on Mars

The Alien Observatory --"Holographic Lasers Zap Plumes of Water from Vast Ocean of Saturn's Enceladus" (WATCH Video)
We may be capable of finding microbes in space - but if we did, could we tell what they were, and that they were alive? Nadeau and colleagues offering evidence that a technique called digital holographic microscopy, which uses lasers to record 3-D images, may be our best bet for spotting extraterrestrial microbes.

Panda Gut Microbes Change with the Seasons
Scientists have found that pandas, rather than a summer and winter wardrobe, have different sets of gut bacteria for different seasons. The rotating roster of bugs helps pandas make the most of their drab diet of bamboo, bamboo and more bamboo.

'Red snow' created by microbes is supercharging climate change by causing glaciers to melt faster
Algae living on Arctic glaciers are turning the surface crimson
This is reducing their ability to reflect sunlight creating a vicious circle
Experiments in Alaska showed red snow increased melting by almost a fifth

$20 million grant will help UW study unseen organisms
University of Wyoming researchers were given a $20 million grant from the National Science Foundation to research different fungi, bacteria and microbes - a living thing that is too small to be seen by the naked eye.
The research teams will take a close-up look at the microbes using technology including DNA sequencing and computational modeling with the aim of learning the ecological and distribution consequences of microbes. The discoveries may help address statewide challenges, from managing range land, forest and water resources, to improving crop productivity.

Study: Gut microbes may influence multiple sclerosis progression
Researchers at the University of California, San Francisco, or UCSF, have found that gut microbes may play a role in the neurodegeneration that characterizes multiple sclerosis (MS).
By identifying specific gut microbes associated with MS in human patients and showing that these microbes take part in regulating immune responses in mouse models of the disease, the researchers hope to understand the origins of MS and potentially lead to treatments.

New Study Finds 99% of Microbes in Human Body Previously Unknown
A new study published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences determined that our bodies are host to a number of diverse microbes that were previously unidentified.
Numerous uncharacterized and highly divergent microbes which colonize humans are revealed by circulating cell-free DNA
Mark Kowarsky, Joan Camunas-Soler, Michael Kertesz, Iwijn De Vlaminck, Winston Koh, Wenying Pan, Lance Martin, Norma F. Neff, Jennifer Okamoto, Ronald J. Wong, Sandhya Kharbanda, Yasser El-Sayed, Yair Blumenfeld, David K. Stevenson, Gary M. Shaw, Nathan D. Wolfe and Stephen R. Quake
Through massive shotgun sequencing of circulating cell-free DNA from the blood of more than 1,000 independent samples, we identified hundreds of new bacteria and viruses which represent previously unidentified members of the human microbiome.

Reeves: Mulches For Enhanced, Low-Cost, Low-Maintenance Landscapes
The earth's crucial thin layer of soil must be protected, maintained, built and nourished. A mulch cover of various materials on soil enables, conserves and enhances our precious soil.
Natural mulch consists of dead leaves, twigs, fallen branches and other plant debris which accumulate on the earth's surface. Bacteria, fungi and other living organisms use these raw organic materials for food, a process we know as decay. In the natural scheme of things, decay is Nature's way of returning to the earth the raw materials borrowed by previous generations of plants.
Organic mulches not only conserve moisture, they also feed plants, earth worms, microbes and other beneficial soil life by composting at the moist earth surface.
Randy Reeves is a Texas A&M AgriLife extension agent for Gregg County, Texas

Recycled Polyester
Sustainability Drives Synthetic Yarn Development
Recycled Synthetics Gain Ground with the Announcement of Two New Yarns on the Market

Kelheim's Viloft fibre receives certificate
Viloft fibres and wipes made of Viloft and cellulose are completely bio-degradable. Viloft, as all viscose fibres, is made of cellulose - the most abundant material in nature and a renewable raw material of which all plants are made. Therefore, the biodegradation of cellulose is a naturally occurring process in nature.

Waiakea Water Becomes the First Water Bottling Company with Fully Biodegradable Bottles
Waiakea Water is a founding partner of TimePlast, and together, these two companies promise that the water bottles used for Waiakea Water will degrade over 97 percent faster than plastic bottles being used in all other water bottling companies.
Editor's note: not sure if this is truly biodegradable, or if the nano particles continue to harm the environment. We prefer plastic made from vegetable sources.

Eat Plastics by Eating Fish
In the 1950s, mankind produced less than two million tonnes of plastic waste. Fast forward 60 years and we are getting through more than 320 million tonnes each and every year. Plastic takes hundreds of years to biodegrade. Now plastics are entering our food through fish, and at last something might be done about it in the UK at least.
Editor's Note - don't get lost at sputnik - their political stuff is Russian propaganda to divide America.

Instead Of Throwing Out This Plastic Wrapper, You Eat It
Evoware is made from seaweed - and if you don't feel like eating it, it will biodegrade just fine.
Seaweed-based packaging that replaces billions of small bits of plastics with a nutrient boost.

Editor's note: always check to see if alternative plastic products fully degrade, or if they just turn into smaller pieces of plastic.

Experts say degradable and conventional plastics don't mix
A study in Europe found that degradable plastics and substances used in them cause noticeable damage in recycled-content plastic films.
Plastics Recyclers Europe (PRE), a trade group, said that even low quantities of degradable plastics result in holes and specs in recycled conventional PE films. The group pointed to the results of a trial that compared the quality of recycled films from Northern Europe with those from Southern Europe.

Timeplast Plans to Put an End to Plastic Pollution with the World's First and Only Nano-Degraded Plastic
Timeplast, the world's first and only nano-degraded plastic which promises to end plastic pollution forever, is live on global crowdfunding platform Kickstarter and raising funds to bring the project to life.

Wetherspoons bans plastic straws
JD Wetherspoons has announced it will stop using plastic straws across its 900 pubs in the UK and Ireland by the end of this year, in a bid to curb plastic pollution.
Instead it will switch to biodegradeable paper straws, with staff at the pub chain reducing the use of plastic straws during the transition, the firm said earlier this week. Wetherspoons believes the decision will stop 70 million plastic straws being used every year.

Swiss cheese found to contain powerful probiotic that promotes longevity
The bacterium Propionibacterium freudenreichii, which is used in the fermentation of Emmentaler - the proper name of Swiss cheese, because it came from the Emmental region of Switzerland - is found to be beneficial to health.

low-tech application of orange crop waste shows potential to restore tropical forests
Researchers have come upon a new low-tech tropical forest restoration strategy, beginning with agricultural waste.
They studied the effects on soil and forest health of the purposeful deposition of tons of processed orange peels and pulp on centuries-old rangeland remaining inside Guanacaste National Park in Costa Rica.
Study published in

New Product
New Biological Fungicide Approved for Fruit and Vegetable Crops
AgBiome announced Howler fungicide received registration from the EPA. The first product to be marketed by AgBiome Innovations and developed by AgBiome Inc., it is a biological fungicide that is highly effective against fungal diseases common to high-value crops such as tomatoes, strawberries, leafy greens, and more.
AgBiome Howler fungicide
Press release
Howler Fungicide Receives EPA Registration
Highly efficacious fungicide for specialty crops developed by AgBiome

Is The Secret To A Healthier Microbiome Hidden In The Hadza Diet?
Seasonal cycling in the gut microbiome of the Hadza hunter-gatherers of Tanzania

IBM, Scientists Seek Public's Help With Millions Of Virtual Experiments Mapping The Human Microbiome
This week, the biggest study of the human microbiome in history has commenced in a project run by IBM with the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital, University of California, San Diego and the Flatiron Institute, and you too can be a part of it. It's called The Microbiome Immunity Project.
Microbiome Immunity Project: Project FAQs

Microbiome Research Conference articles now available
NIH features early progress in understanding microbiome's role in IBD

Last month at the NIH conference marking the culmination of the 10-year Human Microbiome Project, several researchers shared their early findings on the link between the gut microbiota and inflammatory bowel disease, including their role in disease activity, diagnosis and future therapeutics. Read more

Gene Madsen, expert in environmental microbiology, dies at 64
Eugene L. Madsen, M.S. '81, Ph.D. '85, professor of microbiology, died Aug. 9 in Freeville, New York. He was 64.
Madsen was a leading researcher of microbial processes in natural environments whose research and teaching career at Cornell spanned nearly four decades. His work advanced the understanding of the role microorganisms play in the cycling of carbon, nutrients and pollutant compounds in all natural habitats, such as soil, sediments and ground water.

Dust-up at a School Board Meeting; Bioremediation Loses This Round
About two hours into Friday night's debate on whether to dig up and remove pesticide-riddled dirt in the former orchard to make way for a new elementary school, Morgan Hill Unified School District's seven-member board had heard enough.
In consecutive 4-3 votes, the school board moved forward with the district's off-haul remediation plan - which is still waiting on final approval from the State Department of Toxic Substances - and a $1.7 million construction contract to do the work - which was awarded to Seward L. Schreber Construction. The offhauling will begin once the district receives the goahead from DTSC.

"I warn you, you will live to regret it if you move forward with this," said Gerard, who called the offhaul method a "quick and dirty route" to take in fixing the problem. He preferred the district go with bioremediation, an alternative cleansing option that involves the use of organisms to neutralize toxins in the soil. "We need to re-look at what we're doing here."

Press releases and marketing reports for Vertical Farming in India

Scientists Study What Might Make Microbes Turn Bad

Microbes May Thrive in Subsea Permafrost Long After Flooding
Two cores from the East Siberian Arctic Shelf reveal how microbial communities develop over thousands of years as submarine permafrost slowly thaws.

Researchers find microbes key to reef survival
The health of the world's coral reefs is of particular concern because of their high social, ecological and economic value, as well as their sensitivity to environmental change. "Climate change is happening; oceans are warming and ocean chemistry is changing with detrimental effects on coral reefs," said Timothy Ravasi.

Do Microbes Trigger Alzheimer's Disease?
The once fringe idea is gaining traction among the scientific community.
Combing data from published reports, the International Alzheimer Research Center's Judith Miklossy and colleagues had found evidence of spirochetes in 451 of 495 Alzheimer's brains. In 25 percent of cases, researchers had identified the spirochete as Borrelia burgdorferi, a causative agent of Lyme disease. Control brains did not contain the spirochetes.

Building for the Future: Going Green at Mystic Seaport

What can we do to make our buildings eco-friendly? Here's a good answer from Mystic Seaport, Connecticut: The post includes a video.

The Hall of Fame

Over many decades, hardware stores have traditionally offered us only petroleum-based paints, stains, solvents, abrasives, cleaning agents, pesticides, herbicides, fertilizers, plastics, lubricants, and adhesives. That's changing as microbial and other products come onto the market.

Now it is time to move away from petroleum by-product chemicals in to a new age of water-based and plant-based chemicals. maintains that we can eliminate diseases such as cancer within a generation, once we have safer chemicals and eliminate petro-based chemicals from our environment.

We offer similar recognition for petro-free body care products, such as soaps, shampoos, lotions, conditioners, hair dyes, and cosmetics.

We actively research deserving companies, but if you want to nominate your own company, or another company, please send in your suggestions (contact information - click here).

This is our current list of Hardware Store Product Honorees. These descriptions are drawn from their website descriptions. - Editor Lawn and yard care products to treat insects, diseases, weeds, moss, and nutrient-depleted soils. The Lilly Miller website sells WORRY FREE brand products, selected for their low or reduced risks to people, pets, and the environment. These products are certified organic, derived from natural sources, or are made of less worrisome alternatives to traditional garden products.

Carver Tripp Danish Finish (postmortem award: a petro-based furniture stain company bought this product and extinguished it), formerly Parks Corporation, Somerset, Massachusetts. Rodent control solutions you can trust. Besides electronic traps that kill rodents painlessly, they offer a variety of chemical solutions that are biodegradable, non-toxic, all-natural, and ideal for use around people, pets and plants when used as directed. Organic lawn care and organic bug sprays. Green Light's goal is to provide effective, environmentally responsible products for the homeowner and gardener. Home pest control products. From the founder: "We all have ant problems from time to time, I know I really did when I moved into my passive solar earth bermed home in Carmel Valley in 1983. I wouldn't use toxic insecticides because I was an organic type person. Then I read in Science News where someone had killed fire ants by pouring a citrus hand cleaner on them. Light bulbs went off. . . . My goal was an all natural food grade water based solution for my ant problem. Thus Orange Guard was born, out of my own necessity."

New Environmental Projects in India
Two pilot demonstrative projects for the treatment of drains using bioremediation were approved. The technology will be put to use at Danapur drain in Patna and Nehru drain in Allahabad at a total estaimbed cost of Rs. 1.63 crore.
Govt approves 10 Namami Gange projects worth Rs 2,033 cr
The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved 10 projects in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh worth about Rs 2,033 crore, the Centre said today.

Support for research in Sudbury, across Canada
For Laurentian University, a field and laboratory analysis facility for advancing biomining and bioremediation of mine wastes received $149,984, while an advanced mass spectrometry facility for analysis of complex biological samples received $358,781.

Life Beyond Sight
The microbial earth, brought into view
Microbes thrive everywhere, from gardens and kitchens to the harshest environments on the planet: under polar ice, in hydrothermal vents at the bottom of the sea, in hot springs that spew acid. A single gram of soil teems with billions of them, and their genetic diversity is equally impressive, dwarfing that of all the plants and animals on Earth. Life at the Edge of Sight: A Photographic Exploration of the Microbial World (forthcoming from The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press), brings the planet-shaping diversity of these single-celled, microscopic organisms into view through stunning images.
buy it now at

Health Matters: How Gut Microbes Influence Depression

Human Gut Microbes May Help Suppress MS, New Research Suggests

Space invaders: the challenges of studying microbes in space
Conducting research on Earth is challenging enough for most of us, but what if your research specialty is studying organisms in space? Kasthuri Venkateswaran from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory at Caltech takes us behind the scenes of his article on the microbial profile of the ISS.
Whole metagenome profiles of particulates collected from the International Space Station

University of Delaware researchers receive $6 million to probe viruses, microbes

Follow Your Gut (Microbes)
New research suggests that gut microbes tell flies what to eat.
The microbes inhabiting a fruit fly's gut may shape its food preferences, potentially steering the fly to eat the same kind of microbes it hosts, according to a new study published online July 27 in the journal Current Biology.
Gut Microbiota Modifies Olfactory-Guided Microbial Preferences and Foraging Decisions in Drosophila

Unexpected Microbial Life in Glacial Clay Could Offer Antibiotic Solutions
In the mid-1900's, private entrepreneurs took an interest in the clay long used by the Heiltsuk First Nations people. Over time, the clay is known to have been used for digestive ailments, as an anesthetic, used to treat burns and sprains, and for beauty and cosmetic purposes. In recent years, the new owners of the clay deposit, located on lands belonging to the Heiltsuk, have partially funded research by University of British Columbia microbiologist, Julian Davies, Professor Emeritus, to explore the properties of the clay.

HDR's Mike Classen Helps Create Efficient and Effective Landfill Designs, Solutions
Since entering the industry approximately 10 years ago, Classen has implemented efficient compliance monitoring concepts for clients that have saved their agencies thousands of dollars, created efficient and effective landfill designs and solutions and has come up with creative ways to tackle the issue of leachate in landfills.

Dietary fibre helps 'good' bacteria win battle of the microbiome
Feeding beneficial gut bacteria with fibre appears to help a signalling mechanism which limits the growth of harmful pathogens, according to a new study published in Science.

Controlled feeding studies show promise for evaluating diet-gut microbiome interactions
Experimental studies are needed to assess the effects of diet on the gut microbial structure and activity to determine effects on biomarkers and disease.

Antibiotic use in preterm infants harms gut microbiome, contributes to resistance

Viome analyzes your stool to determine the active bacteria and organisms based upon RNA.
This is then mapped to recommendations of customized and personalized dietary advice. This dietary advice is to help achieve better health results.

Plants love microbes, and so do farmers
University of Queensland
The Australian Sunshine Coast's plant diversity has helped researchers confirm that nurture has the upper hand -- at least when it comes to plant microbes. A study of microbial communities necessary for plant development could improve crop and plant yields.

To restore our soils, feed the microbes
By regenerating our soils, we can sequester more carbon underground and slow climate warming

Scientists compare soil microbes in no-till, conventional tilling systems of Pacific Northwest farms

Soil microbiome unaffected by National Mall turf restoration
"We thought that the new 'imported' turf from New Jersey would introduce different communities of bacteria to the National Mall," researcher Jo Anne Crouch said.

Researchers study soil microbiomes found under National Mall turf
Recently, the turf outside the National Mall in Washington, D.C. was replaced, which gave scientists the chance to study the bacteria present in the soil underneath.
The communities of microbes did not change much before and after the renovation, to the surprise of the researchers; these soil communities are known as the soil microbiome.
"My lab is interested in how microbes can move around in the environment, and how they change and adapt as a result of this movement," said Jo Anne Crouch, a USDA-Agriculture Research Service researcher. Crouch is lead author of the study.

NIH to host workshop on advances, future needs in human microbiome research
The 10-year, National Institutes of Health Common Fund Human Microbiome Project was established to understand how microbial communities impact human development, physiology, immunity, brain development and behavior, and to create research resources for this emerging field.

Microbiome and health: Stress, diet and genetics responsible for how bacteria influences our immune system

2017 Massry Prize Honors Microbiome Research Pioneers
Microbiome researchers Rob Knight, PhD, University of California San Diego, Jeffrey Gordon, MD, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, and Norman Pace, PhD, University of Colorado Boulder, will share this year's Massry Prize, splitting the $200,000 honorarium. These researchers lead a field that works to produce a detailed understanding of microbiomes—distinct constellations of bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms that live within and around us—and methods for manipulating microbiomes for the benefit of human and environmental health.

Does Colon Cleansing before Colonoscopy Wipe Out Our Gut Microbiome?
Editor's Note: this article will help medical science to be less harmful to the microbiome when they do colonoscopies. However, rather than colonoscopy as the first line of defense for colon health, we recommend colonic irrigation instead.

Activated charcoal drug can protect microbiome from antibiotics
Antibiotics can save your life, but they can also mess up your microbiome. A special formulation of activated charcoal could help, protecting your body from the side effects of antibiotics, and perhaps even aiding the fight against antibiotic resistance.

Q&A: What if we could take control of our changing microbiomes?
Until recently, the human microbiome languished in relative obscurity. But now it's drawn all kinds of attention from medicine and from commerce—and three of the field's star researchers are being recognized for their efforts to advance the field. [must 30-day-free-subscribe to this website to read entire article]

Microbiome may help predict risk for preterm birth
The unique microbiome in the female reproductive tract may eventually be used to predict a woman's probability of giving birth prematurely, according to a presentation at the NIH's workshop, "The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century."
Gregory A. Buck, PhD, from the department of microbiology and immunology at the Virginia Commonwealth University, wrote in the abstract. "Bacterial vaginosis, with its still poorly defined etiology, has a point prevalence of up to 30%, and carries a higher risk for adverse pregnancy outcomes."

Microbiome research ethics looking at a 'critical gap'
With a shift from observational to experimental research using human microbiomes, ethical questions associated with the research and use of microbiomes are on the rise, according to a presentation at the NIH's microbiome workshop.
"The first phase of human microbiome research involves the initial focus on genomic characterization," Mildred Cho, PhD, associate director of the Stanford Center for Biomedical Ethics, said during her presentation. "However, there are associated ethical, legal and social implications that arise from collecting and using data and samples."

Disrupted gut microbiome makes children more susceptible to amoebic dysentery
Similar results in mice associated with decreased white blood cell levels in the gut
Children with lower diversity of microbial species in their intestines are more susceptible to severe infection with the Entamoeba histolytica parasite, according to a new study.

No guts no glory: Harvesting the microbiome of athletes
Scientists have now tapped into the microbiome of exceptional runners and rowers, and have identified particular bacteria that may aid athletic performance. The goal is to develop probiotic supplements that may help athletes -- and even amateur fitness enthusiasts -- recover from a tough workout or more efficiently convert nutrients to energy

Success Lingers for International Flavors & Fragrances
The company is benefiting from acquisition synergies and is executing productivity programs
International Flavors announced the acquisition of Columbia Phytotechnology LLC, which is also known as PowderPure. This acquisition will help the company create minimally processed products from natural ingredients.

UMC grad returns to Crookston for summer
"The everyday decisions we make affect the environment and can influence the health of a city and its people," University of Minnesota Crookston graduate DeAndra (O'Connell) Navratil explains. "I want to help find ways to improve the health of people and our environment.

Hemp Fest Sponsor Spotlight: Vermont Hemp Company
The Vermont Hemp Company, who has assisted in planting more than 200 acres of hemp this season, was devised as an applied research and development outfit, interested in the many applications for hemp incorporation: building materials, fiber, bioplastics, and other potential "disruptive technologies."
Why Industrial Hemp Could Prove A Larger Economic Driver Than Marijuana

The Cannabis Movement Enters a Brave Green World

Probiotics help poplar trees clean up toxins in Superfund sites
Trees have the ability to capture and remove pollutants from the soil and degrade them through natural processes in the plant. It's a feat of nature companies have used to help clean up polluted sites, though only in small-scale projects.
Now, a probiotic bacteria for trees can boost the speed and effectiveness of this natural cycle, providing a microbial partner to help protect trees from the toxic effects of the pollutants and break down the toxins plants bring in from contaminated groundwater.
Scientists have found bacteria that like gobbling up a common toxic chemical.

Major investment for burgeoning research projects
Laurentian University receives funding for major projects in biomining and forensic studies
Two programs at Laurentian University are getting a boost in funding from the federal government, which for one will be a great help in laboratories and classrooms for future innovation.

TCE discovery halts Fairchild Drive housing project
An approved project to build a 26 row-houses at 277 Fairchild Drive is being delayed by officials with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency after they discovered the site's soil exceeded safety levels for trichloroethylene (TCE).

Global Biosurfactant Market to Grow at Around 4% CAGR From 2014 to 2020: Million Insights

Microbes linked to methane increase
ecent findings regarding methane emissions recently were summarized in a story at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration website
After 2000-era plateau, global methane levels hitting new highs

U-M biologist teaches microbe-hunting skills honed at sea
ANN ARBOR—University of Michigan biologist Melissa Duhaime recently spent a month on a Russian research vessel off the coast of Antarctica, filtering bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms from thousands of gallons of seawater.

Flow cytometry, microscopy, and spectroradiometry map microbes in Antarctic snowmelt

Bangalore Development Authority banks on microbes to stop Bellandur lake frothing
Ragini Jain, who runs the firm 'Gitanjali Envirotech', insists the 900-acre lake can be restored. "There is no need for any hi-tech procedure. All we need is an organic culture with microbes which does not cost much. In a week's time, this will ensure there will not be any nasty smell or foaming from the lake," she told Express.

How microbes survive in the open ocean
Despite their microscopic size and relative isolation, marine microbes catalyze chemical transformations at rates that are critical for maintaining Earth's habitability.

New gene catalog of ocean microbiome reveals surprises
University of Hawaii at Manoa
Oceanographers report completing the largest single-site microbiome gene catalog constructed to date. With this new information, the team discovered nutrient limitation is a central driver in the evolution of ocean microbe genomes.

Soil microbes persist through National Mall facelift
Turf grass microbiome indicates surprising resiliency
American Society of Agronomy
It's not every day United States history mixes with microbes in the soil. But when the turf on the National Mall in Washington, D.C., was replaced, it offered scientists the opportunity to study changes in the soil microbiome underneath.

Take the Quiz
What Does Your Microbiome Say About You?
These microbes are generally harmless and sometimes can even be advantageous for our health.
They're also treasure troves of information about our lifestyles. Microbiomes are unique to each individual and the overall composition is established by six months of age. Slight changes occur as you move to new environments or live with new people, but for the most part it's like a fingerprint, Dr. Gilbert said.
And there's a lot scientists can glean from this fingerprint.

From ancient tribes to modern civilization, what do our microbiomes say about us?
Though words like "bacteria" and "fungi" might commonly be associated with infections or disease, the ones found in the microbiome are the peacekeepers of your body, helping digest food, fight disease and regulate the immune system.

NIH to host workshop on advances, future needs in human microbiome research
Microbes inhabit just about every part of the human body outnumbering human cells by 10 to 1.
Microbes inhabit just about every part of the human body outnumbering human cells by 10 to 1. The 10-year, National Institutes of Health Common Fund Human Microbiome Project was established to understand how microbial communities impact human development, physiology, immunity, brain development and behavior, and to create research resources for this emerging field.
On August 16-18, 2017, NIH will host a workshop, "The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century."

Advanced Approaches to Stormwater Runoff Management Through Green Infrastructure
EPA has authorized the NPDES stormwater program to 46 states, with EPA largely relegated to an oversight capacity. Because states with delegated programs may impose stormwater management requirements more stringent than those promulgated by EPA, a number of states, led by California, have established Phase II requirements significantly more rigorous than EPA's rules.

UMC grad returns to Crookston, MN, for summer
"When Katy talked about her phytoremediation research—using living plants to clean up soil, air, and water contaminated with hazardous chemicals—I was immediately intrigued," says Navartil. "It led to a chance to work with her on the research and eventually I changed my major."

India - Dying Hauz Khas lake to get a new lease of life
Constructed wetlands are an example of phytoremediation and rely on natural processes such as microbes, filtration, absorption and uptake of nutrients into wetland plants, to purify water.
The Delhi Development Authority (DDA) is going to undertake the work to rejuvenate, conserve and revive the water body along with environmental engineer Tarun Sebastian Nanda and public participation.
The landowning agency will be using constructed or floating wetlands for treating sewage in the drain.
"The water in the lake comes through a sewage treatment plant (STP) in Mehrauli. It gets polluted in between due to leakages and sewer water entering into the channel," said a DDA official.

New Delhi - The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved 10 projects in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh worth about Rs 2,033 crore, the Centre said today.
Two pilot demonstrative projects of treatment of drains using bioremediation method were approved.

Laurentian University hosts inaugural meeting for $4M Biomining Network
Researchers will present to industry stakeholders on research priorities and visit research sites
The national network received $4M in funding from the Ontario Ministry of Research and Innovation, to develop biotechnologies for mine waste stabilization, and the recovery of valuable metals like nickel, copper and zinc.
To achieve this goal, EBM, which is comprised of researchers from the University of Toronto, University of British Columbia and Laurentian University, will harness the capabilities of naturally occurring microbial communities.

MicroGen Biotech: Tackling Pollutants in Soil
Irish biotech company MicroGen Biotech is developing products that use microbes—the broad range of single-celled organisms that are found all around us—to increase crop yield, improve food safety, and promote soil health. Using a platform technology called the "Constructed Functional Microbiome," MicroGen aims to regenerate depleted or polluted agricultural land. This technology identifies a set of microbes that, once introduced into the soil, can reduce pollutants found in crops while improving yields and overall soil quality.

Bad Microbe News
New Hutch center to focus on cancers caused by microbes
The Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center is launching a new initiative focused on finding ways to prevent and cure cancers caused by viruses and bacteria.
About one in five cancers worldwide—including cervical, liver and stomach cancers—are triggered by microbial infections. The proportion is much higher in some parts of the world, including sub-Saharan Africa, where one out of every three cancer cases is the result of some type of infection.

Craft Beers Can Have Microbes Previously Unknown to Science

Lovers Share Colonies of Skin Microbes, Study Finds
The bacteria on your feet can say a lot about you—including who your partner is. New research finds that people who live together significantly influence the microbial communities on each other's skin.

In Love? True Togetherness Means Sharing the Same Microbes

News from South Africa: Maize and sugar cane bio-based bags plastic bags
A team of local scientists from the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research's (CSIR's) polymer and composite research group in Port Elizabeth broke new ground when they recently developed 100% biodegradable plastic bags made from agricultural by-products.
The maize and sugar cane bio-based bags are completely biodegradable in mud, soil, water and compost and break down completely in just three to six months.

Studying Superfunds: Duke Environmental Engineers Investigate How Super-Polluted Areas Affect Early Human Health

Vitamin D Deficiency Adversely Affects Vitamin B Production, the Microbiome, and Immunity

Mapping The Brain's Microbiome: Can Studying Germs In The Brain Lead To A Cure For Alzheimer's?
Harvard researchers, Dr. Rudolph Tanzi and Robert D. Moir, PhD, are heading up a team, funded by the Cure Alzheimer's Fund and the Good Ventures Foundation, that has taken on mapping the microbiome, the population of microorganisms, some helpful and some pathological, that exists inside the brain. The monumental task, dubbed The Brain Microbiome Project, will, they hope, tell them if amyloid beta plaques - known to initiate the pathological cascade of Alzheimer's disease—are being made to protect the brain and if so, from what?

More Than Bread: Sourdough As a Window Into The Microbiome

Your partner could affect your microbiome, study says
Living with our significant other can modify our microbiome, researchers find, but only to a certain extent. Ultimately, our microbial profiles tend to keep their own "imprint," despite the fact that bacteria hop on and off.

From flask to field: How tiny microbes are revolutionizing big agriculture
How tiny microbes are revolutionizing big agriculture
I am part of a new crop of scientists who are harnessing the power of natural microbes to improve agriculture. In recent years, genomic technology has rapidly advanced our understanding of the microbes that live on virtually every surface on Earth, including our own bodies. Just as our new understanding of the human microbiome is revolutionizing medicine and spawning a new probiotic industry, agriculture may be poised for a similar revolution.
Replacing chemistry with biology: The power of microbes
In nature, plants coevolve with microbes that live in their rooting zones, on their leaves, and even inside their cells. Plants provide microbes with food in the form of carbon, and microbes make nutrients available to the plants and help prevent disease. But as we started, adding more and more chemicals to our fields and tilling soils, we broke the close connection between plants and microbes by killing many of these beneficial organisms.
To restore our soils, feed the microbes

CFANS professor receives NSF grant to support microbiome research network
A recent grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to a University of Minnesota College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences scientist will lead to the creation of an international network working on plant-associated microbes. Plant Pathology Professor Linda Kinkel was recently awarded the $500,000 NSF grant that will lead to the creation of the Agricultural Microbiomes Project (AMP) research coordination network.

Protecting our drinking water
Certain vegetation, which absorb pollutants (including ammonia, nitrate, phosphorous and heavy metals), can be grown in the pond to clean the water further. This technique is known as phytoremediation.
At larger scales, the effluent can be discharged into a constructed wetland, which works in a similar way.
Sometimes, the quality of water that has been put through phytoremediation is so good it can be recycled and reused for other, purposes; reducing or even avoiding the need for discharge altogether.

A Water Filtration System that Merges Science with Pleasing Aesthetics
A plant-based water filtration system, Pratik Ghosh, Innovation Design Engineering, Royal College of Art, Imperial College, London 2017
Drop by drop is a water filtration system for home that uses plants to filter out contaminants. Recommended plants to be used in the filtration system are herbs as they can be easily grown indoors for consumption and the water procured has a scent that is pleasant to taste. The air that goes out of this system is primarily oxygen which enhances the room atmosphere.

Agritourism could mean more revenue for Montana ranchers and farmers
"We will be seeing people from Canada, our neighbor to the north, coming down to assist our farmers in learning all of the intricacies of the harvest of hemp, because it's a different crop one that we're not used to growing," he said. "We also need to know the different areas of processing for oil seed as an example, for phytoremediation of clean up of a hydrocarbon spill."

How New Genetically Engineered Yeast Could Clean Up Heavy Metal Pollution
There's now a genetically engineered version of the fungus found in bread and beer that can help clean up the environment. And as we know, the environment severely needs our help.
A team of seven scientists at institutions in Romania and Norway developed the yeast that has the potential to clean up heavy metal pollution, with, according to their research, the most effective strains able to soak up 80 percent of metal ions.
Editor's note: we want to wager there are microbes capable of cleaning up heavy metal pollution without having to be genetically modified, but we're including this anyway as a new route to clean up heavy metal pollution.
Genetically Engineered Yeast Soaks up Heavy Metal Pollution

Microbe new to science found in self-fermented beer

Alternative antimicrobial compounds could come from wastewater
Municipal wastewater may become a key ally in the fight against antibiotic-resistant disease-causing bacteria, fungi
"Certain bacteria in municipal wastewater produce antimicrobial compounds or biosurfactants that can help prevent the growth of antibiotic-resistant microorganisms which cause serious infections in humans," says Dr Thando Ndlovu a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Microbiology at SU. Ndlovu recently obtained his doctorate in Microbiology at SU under the supervision of Prof Wesaal Khan from the same department.

New and novel paradigm for advancing research on beneficial microbes
While beneficial microbes are increasingly used in agriculture, environmental stressors such as heat can quickly kill or render them useless in the field; and discovering new and better treatments is slow due to the large microbial diversity in soils. Researchers now propose using ecological theory and practice to improve the process of microbial technology development.

What Gene-Swapping Cheese Microbes Could Say About Antibiotic Resistance
YOU AND YOUR favorite cheese—whether it's cheddar, Wensleydale, or a good aged goat brie—have something in common: You're both home to a constantly evolving menagerie of microbes. The bacteria inside you and your fermented dairy live together in a community called a biome, growing and changing in response to their environments. And they adapt to their homes—a cow's hide, a chunk of Swiss, or your gut—by stealing their neighbors' genes.

There are a lot of gross microbes on a dollar bill
Now, researchers are finding we also share our microbes through our money. From tip jars to vending machines, each dollar, passed person to person, samples a bit of the environment it comes from and passes those bits to the next person, the next place it goes.

Your kitchen sponge harbors zillions of microbes. Cleaning it could make things worse
By Giorgia GuglielmiJul. 28, 2017 , 2:01 PM
That sponge in your kitchen sink harbors zillions of microbes, including close relatives of the bacteria that cause pneumonia and meningitis, according to a new study. One of the microbes, Moraxella osloensis, can cause infections in people with a weak immune system and is also known for making laundry stink, possibly explaining your sponge's funky odor. Researchers made the discovery by sequencing the microbial DNA of 14 used kitchen sponges, they report this month in Scientific Reports. Surprisingly, boiling or microwaving the sponges didn't kill off these microbes Indeed, sponges that had been regularly sanitized teemed with a higher percentage of bacteria related to pathogens than sponges that had never been cleaned.
Editor's note: throw away your sponge when it begins to smell, or use a washcloth and launder it regularly.

Pond info.

Garden Myths, a book and a blog, by Robert Pavlis, dedicated to unearthing the truth about gardening

Building Natural Ponds, a book by Robert Pavlis
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WhatPond - how to build a pond

Certified Pond Builder - Aquascape Contractor (CAC)

These Fanciful Microbes Need Your Coloring Skills

Microbes could have evolved to feed on plastic

Ocular Microbiome Discovered

Scientists study microbes in the desert for clues on climate change

Hundreds of species of fungi in deep coral ecosystems discovered by botanists

Civic body looking at expediting lake rejuvenation project

Light not powered by electricity
Self-powered, the GravityLight uses gravity to create clean energy

China is building first 'forest city' of 40,000 trees to fight air pollution

The dust storm microbiome
The airborne dust carried in sand storms affects the health of people and ecosystems alike. New research suggests that part of the effect might not be in the particles of dust but rather in bacteria that cling to them, traveling many kilometers in the air with the storms.
The researchers found that during a dust storm the concentration of bacteria and the number of bacterial species present in the atmosphere rise sharply, so people walking outdoors in these storms are exposed to many more bacteria than usual.

Gut microbes influence the body's response to high-fat diet

Gut microbiome changes linked to numerous biomarkers of type 2 diabetes
A new study has identified links between alterations in gut microbial populations and multiple markers of obesity and type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes: J&J and Seventure Partners launch investment
European venture capitalist Seventure Partners and Johnson & Johnson have invested US$12m in Israel-based DayTwo. Based on HbA1c, lifestyle factors and genetic analysis of the individual microbiome, the company's app analyses the individual microbiome to predict blood sugar responses to thousands of different foods.

The Practical Chemist
Instrumentation for Heavy Metals Analysis in Cannabis
Several remediation strategies exist that are common for the reduction/elimination of metals in the environment. Phytoremediation is one method for removing metals from soil, utilizing plants to uptake metals which then bioaccumulate in the plant matter. In one study, cesium concentrations were found to be 8,000 times greater in the plant roots compared to the surrounding water in the soil. In 1998, cannabis was specifically tested at the Chernobyl nuclear disaster site for its ability to remediate the contaminated soil. These examples demonstrate that cannabis must be carefully cultivated to avoid the uptake of toxic metals.

How 'Project New Leaf' is unfolding at Cantigny Park in Wheaton
Wetland plants can take up or breakdown toxic elements or compounds through a process called phytoremediation, Cantigny horticulturists say. That means their selection of plants will help clean the water of heavy metals, petrochemicals and other hazards before returning to watersheds.

The Briefcase: 22nd Century targets soil cleanup
22nd Century Group Inc. has joined with the University of Virginia on a project aimed at utilizing novel varieties of industrial hemp to clean up and reclaim abandoned mine lands and other polluted areas in Virginia and other areas in the Appalachians.
22nd Century Partners with The University of Virginia to Utilize Industrial Hemp to Clean Up and Reclaim Polluted Lands
22nd Century's proprietary industrial hemp could revolutionize land reclamation initiatives across the United States

Prince Charles students take action for clean water
Their journey through the water cycle story was led by Know Your Watershed.
This spring, students from Prince Charles Secondary discovered—through in-class sessions and hands-on action projects that saw them preventing the spread of yellow flag iris in the Creston Valley Wildlife Management Area and installing a mycoremediation water filter at a local farm

Is there hope for Pasig River rehab? Microorganisms can help
Microorganisms present in EM mud balls turn harmful bacteria into helpful ones that help in breaking down organic waste.
This is part of a larger process called "bioremediation" where microbes clean up contaminated water and soil by secreting enzymes that break down contaminants into smaller pieces.
The microbes then consume the broken-down contaminants, thus helping reduce waste in polluted waters.

Earthworks' Update on Cortina Project
VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - Jun 22, 2017) - Earthworks Industries Inc. ("Company") (TSX:EWK) is pleased to report that it has initiated remobilization of its integrated waste management project in California, through its wholly owned U.S. subsidiary, Cortina Integrated Waste Management Inc. (CIWM).
The lease area includes a class III landfill (municipal waste), material recovery facility, composting facility, and soil bioremediation. The project will provide long-term revenue to the Tribe along with socioeconomic development and employment opportunities. The county will benefit through local employment and long term waste needs.

Mangaluru: To Japanese Environment Hounor for Karnataka Scientist
Forty-six-year-old Shrihari Chandraghatgi, who hails from Siddapura of Uttar Kannada District, has been honoured with Environment Minister Award by the Japan Ministry of Environment for "Developing bioremediation technology to clean contaminated soil and groundwater".

GHMC proposes NSSS for treating Upparpally lake

University of Arkansas
Professor Slaton Named Fellow by Soil Science Society of America
SSSA is the largest soil-specific society in the United States. Members advance the field of soil science and provide information about soils in relation to crop production, environmental quality, ecosystem sustainability, bioremediation, waste management, recycling and wise land use.

Join the 2017 Tour of Gardens and Support WGC's Community projectsWoodinville Garden Club, Woodinville, Washington

Microbial Products Market Influencer, Highlights, Key Findings, Major Companies Analysis and Forecast to 2027
The main factor which is driving the market for Microbial products is the demand for various industries. Agriculture industry is growing with rapid speed there by increasing the demand for the microbial products.

Global Environmental Remediation Market Will Reach USD 122.80 Billion by 2022: Zion Market Research

Cleaning up the Peninsula Boulevard plume
EPA offers two preferred options to remediate underground water contamination
The recommend course of action is bioremediation where harmless microorganisms such as whey, lactate and emulsified vegetable oil are injected and used to break down the PCE and TCE into non-toxic compounds. A series of vapor extraction wells will then take the gasses to the surface where they can be disposed of safely, officials said.
Planning phase two cleanup of Peninsula Boulevard plume
Calling the contaminated site "complex," EPA officials said the cleanup has been divided into two phases. The first phase, which began in 2011, the EPA designed a pumping well-extraction system that officials said would bring the polluted groundwater to the surface where it can be treated.
The federal agency also designed a system of wells that will inject non-hazardous additives in areas of highly contaminated groundwater to reduce the contamination through bioremediation, which uses natural organisms to break down hazardous substances into less toxic materials. The cost was $21.5 million.
The proposed second phase of the cleanup addresses the sources of groundwater contamination near the Cedarwood Cleaners and Piermont Cleaners. The plan includes application of non-hazardous additives to the groundwater to break down the contaminants.

Aquatic & flowering plants can break down harmful effluents from textile dye industry
A large number of synthetic chemicals and colouring agents are used in the dye industry. Many of them contain large organic molecules, commonly known as azo-compounds with nitrogen-nitrogen triple bonds.

A city laid waste
A new rapid bioremediation process that can remove garbage hills and end their ill effects, promises a low-cost solution to waste management and disposal. It is very important that alternative technologies are carefully evaluated on their merit.

AD, skin microbes intertwined

Marshfield wastewater plant uses microbes to clean water
The plant was built in 2000 and was designed to handle the increased sanitary sewer flows that occur with rainwater into sewers in clay soils. The plant used a traditional flow system and, up until two years ago, used chemicals such as ferric chloride to treat the wastewater coming into the facility.
Marshfield Wastewater Treatment Plant Superintendent Sam Warp talked about the natural removal of phosphorus and other nutrients from the wastewater treatment plant by fostering microbes at a June 21 water tour presented by Professional Dairy Producers of Wisconsin and UW Discovery Farms.

Microbe mystery solved: What happened to the Deepwater Horizon oil plume
Berkeley Lab scientist Gary Andersen led a study that identified all of the principal oil-degrading bacteria in the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill.

University of Pennsylvania
A perturbed skin microbiome can be 'contagious' and promote inflammation, Penn study finds
In a new study, researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have shown for the first time that, not only can infection with the Leishmania parasite alter the skin microbiome of affected mice, but this altered microbial community can be passed to uninfected mice that share a cage with the in