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Phytoremediation Academic Studies Reports Outline Ecology Research Study Results from Aristotle University (Assessment of phytoremediation potential of native plants during the reclamation of an area affected by sewage sludge) Researchers at UPM have studied the arsenic and heavy metal levels in plants from an old mine of Madrid. They identified a species that can help in phytoremediation works. Odor issues halt Log Homes bioremediation - progress report on delays at bioremediation site in Forest Hills, New York, August 2014 Antibiotics may mess with your baby's metabolism: CNN Microbes influence human eating behavior, dietary choices Our Microbiome May Be Looking Out for Itself By CARL ZIMMER, The New York Times Studying phytoremediation in the Muir Woods along California coast ConocoPhilips Canada - short video about oil company's phytoremediation in remote sites Can Microbes Explain Religion? Oil-Dwelling Microbes Offer New Hope for Spill Cleanup By April Reese, Discover Magazine What Science Says About Marijuana By Philip M. Boffey, The New York Times A detailed look at the microbes that grow on cheese By Kevin Bonham, Scientific American Just a Weed, or an Unrecognized Health-Boosting Plant? Purslane, also known as Portulaca oleracea, is considered a common weed to many Encyclopedia Britannica "toxic waste": Toxic wastes may be disposed of by using bioremediation processes, in which living organisms are added to the waste to degrade organically or transform contaminants or to reduce them to environmentally safe levels. Some microorganisms use oil as a source of food, producing compounds that can emulsify oil in water and facilitate the removal of the oil. Successfully applied following the Exxon...

Remediation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in wastewater treatment pond - Altavista, Virginia, town council is considering hybrid poplar trees instead of digging out, or incinerating the PCBs. Plan would save millions of dollars.

Planting for water decontamination "Tolerance of Selected Ornamentals for Phytoremediation of Atrazine, Simazine, and Metalaxyl Residues in Water."

Phytoremediation of Nutrient Contaminants from Golf Courses Surface Water in Malaysia, Drs. S. Zul Hilmi, M.T. Ramlah, K. Dzaraini, and A.R. Norazah

Phytoremediation creates useful metallic nanoparticles Plants such as alyssum, pteridaceae and a type of mustard called sinapi are to be used by a team of British scientists to soak up metals from land previously occupied by factories, mines and landfill sites. The team, from the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, and the Universities of Warwick and Birmingham, Newcastle University and Cranfield University, England, will use a natural process known as phytoremediation to extract metals such as arsenic and platinum, which can lurk in the ground and can cause harm to people and animals.

Application of hairy roots for phytoremediation abstract: In recent years, hairy roots (HRs) have been successfully used as research tools for screening the potentialities of different plant species to tolerate, accumulate, and/or remove environmental pollutants, such as PCBs, TNT, pharmaceuticals, textile dyes, phenolics, heavy metals, and radionuclides.

Phytoremediation: Marsh Plants that Clean Grey Water

onlinelibrary Water phytoremediation of cadmium and copper using Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a hydroponic system, Aly Valderrama, Jaime Tapia, Patricio Peñailillo, Danny E. Carvajal

Implementing Phytoremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbons Chris D. Collins Summary: An evaluation of the current "state of the art" for the phytoremediation of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) is given, which will allow for well-informed decisions to be made when the technology is being applied to this contamination problem. Information is provided on phytotoxicity, plant selection, and management as well as useful supple- mentary practical data sources. A management decision tree is presented to aid in the successful application of phytoremediation to TPH-contaminated sites. Finally, defici- encies in the current knowledge are identified, which need to be addressed to improve the effectiveness of phytoremediation to this problem.

Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil using Chromolaena odorata and Lantana camara, by Aziz, Fati

phytoremediation of heavy metals.

The International Journal of Phytoremediation is the first journal devoted to the publication of current laboratory and field research describing the use of plant systems to remediate contaminated environments.

Landfarmed oil sludge as a carbon source for Canavalia ensiformis during phytoremediation (abstract)

Phytoremediation of lead-contaminated soils, by Beil, Ruby S.; Petrovic, A. Martin; Whitlow, Thomas H.; Norvell, Wendall A.; Kochian, Leon V., Hortscience

Phytoremediation of 2,4,6-TNT Plant transformation processes, by Bhadra, R.; Wayment, D. G.; Hughes, J. B.; Shanks, J. V., Abstracts Of Papers American Chemical Society

Phytoremediation of aged petroleum sludge effect of inorganic fertilizer, by Hutchinson, Sl; Banks, Mk; Schwab, Ap, Journal of environmental quality

Phytoremediation of mercury contaminated soil A review, by Liu-Ping; Qiu-Guang-Le; Shang-Li-Hai, Shengtaixue Zazhi

Contaminated Soil Phytoremediation by Cyperus Laxus Lam. Cytochrome P450 Erod-Activity Induced by Hydrocarbonsin Roots.

Phytoremediation of contaminated soils, Wong Joan, Journal of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Education

Phytoremediation test in PAH contaminated soil, by Tassi, E.; Barbafieri, M.; Cervelli, S.; Petruzzelli, G.; Pedron, F.; Szymura, I., Agrochimica

Phytoremediation of petroleum-contaminated soils in the tropics, by Merkl, N.; Schultze Kraft, R.; Infante, C., Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality

Phytoremediation of a chlorinated solvent plume in Orlando, Florida, by Spriggs, T.; Tsangaris, S.; Nzengung, V. A.; Nwokike, B., Proceedings of the Seventh International In Situ and On Site Bioremediation Symposium, Orlando, Florida

Phytoremediation of metal-polluted ecosystems: hype for commercialization, Prasad, M. N. V., Russian Journal of Plant Physiology

Priming effects on PAH degradation and ecotoxicity during a phytoremediation experiment, by Joner, E. J.; Hirmann, D.; Szolar, O. H. J.; Todorovic, D.; Leyval, C.; Loibner, A. P., Environmental Pollution

Invasive species may offer advanced phytoremediation of endocrine disrupting chemicals in aquatic ecosystems

Influence of two polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons on spore germination, and phytoremediation potential of Gigaspora margarita-Echynochloa polystachya symbiosis in benzopyrene-polluted substrate, by Alarcon, A.; Delgadillo Martinez, J.; Franco Ramirez, A.; Davies, F. T, Jr; Ferrera Cerrato, R., Revista Internacional de Contaminacion Ambiental

Screening the phytoremediation potential of desert broom Baccharis sarothroides Gray growing on mine tailings in Arizona, by Haque, Nazmul; Peralta-Videa, Jose, R.; Jones, Gary, L.; Gill, Thomas, E.; Gardea-Torresdey, Jorge, L., Environmental Pollution

Potential of phytoremediation, an emerging green technology: European trends and outlook, by Schwitzguebel, J. P., Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy Part B, Reviews and Tracts Biological Sciences

The function of phytoremediation for urban forest plants on pollutants in soil, by Wang Yan; Miao Kun, Journal of Northeast Forestry University

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Phytoremediation and bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): State of knowledge and research perspectives This review summarizes the bioremediation and phytoremediation technologies proposed so far to detoxify PCB-contaminated sites.

Phytoremediation Of Environmental

Phytoremediation and Stress: Evaluation of Heavy Metal-Induced Stress in Plants, download free e-book.

The Brownfield Phytoremediation (Rehabilitation) Project Proposal for Youth action on climate change by MY Brownfield Hero

Citric acid assisted phytoremediation of cadmium by Brassica napus L

Phytoremediation Possibilities of Boron-Contaminated Environments by Wild Plants Growing on Boron Reserve Areas in Turkey; Turkey has almost 70% of the total boron (B) in the world, and B-reserve areas form a special habitat in terms of plant-environment relationships. In this study, these relationships were used to investigate phytoremediation possibilities for B-contaminated environments.

Comparison of biosorption and phytoremediation of cadmium and methyl parathion, a case-study with live Lemna gibba and Lemna gibba powder Heavy metals and pesticides can be adsorbed by several biomasses such as living or non-living aquatic plants. In this study adsorption properties of live Lemna gibba and Lemna gibba powder were investigated with regard to cadmium and methyl parathion (MP).

Phytoremediation of hydrocarbon contaminants in subantarctic soils: An effective management option

Phytoremediation Of Particulate Matter From Ambient Environment through Dust Capturing Plant Species

Water Phytoremediation by Sedimentation Using Moringa oleifera Seed Powder to Remove Water Turbidity in Malaysia, by Sures Narayasamy, Halimi Mohd Saud

Screening of few aquatic floating plants for chromium phytoremediation

Prospects of Field Crops for Phytoremediation of Contaminants book

Performance of high-rate constructed phytoremediation process with attached growth for domestic wastewater treatment: Effect of high TDS and Cu

Phytoremediation and bioremediation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): State of knowledge and research perspectives

Bioremediation textbooks

article on bioremediation and phytoremediation of pesticides Penicillium aculeatum PDR-4 and Trichoderma sp. PDR-16 promote phytoremediation of mine tailing soil and bioenergy production with sorghum-sudangrass Paper: Investigation of Plant Species for Phytoremediation of Mixed Contaminants in Soils, by Reshma A. Chirakkara, Krishna R. Reddy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Department of Civil and Material Engineering, 842 West Taylor Street, Chicago, Illinois 60607

book sample Recent Advances Toward Improved Phytoremdiation of Heavy Metal Pollution, edited by David W.M. Leung, School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, isbn 978-1-60805-787-0, 978-1-60805-665-1

book description Secondary plant metabolites in phytoremediation and biotransformation, by Andrew C Singer, David E Crowley and Ian P. Thompson, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford, UK, OX1 3SR.

International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (abstract): Comparative study of the efficiency of metal uptake Enhancers with EDTA Phytoremediation of Pb using Brassica.juncea (Indian mustard), by Sidi. Shahenaz, PhD Student, Department of Bio Science, & Veer Narmad, South Gujarat University, Surat, IJSER Volume 5, Issue 2, February-2014 1493 ISSN 2229-5518

Journal of Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, Phytoremediation of aluminium and lead using Raphanus sativus, Vigna radiata and Cicer arietinum, by James Raj and L. Jeyanthi Rebecca, Department of Industrial Biotechnology, Bharath University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, JOCPR 2014.

Amaranthus Hybridus in Phytoremediation of Heavy Metal Polluted Waters of Nairobi River, paper by T. O. Orwa, Institute for Energy and Environmental Technology, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Nairobi, Kenya

Disposable Electrochemical Sensor to Evaluate the Phytoremediation of the Aquatic Plant Lemna minor L. toward Pb2+ and/or Cd2+ (abstract), by Daniela Neagu, Fabiana Arduini, Josefina Calvo Quintana, Patrizia Di Cori, Cinzia Forni, and Danila Moscone, Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie Chimiche, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Rome, Italy; Consorzio Interuniversitario Biostrutture e Biosistemi "INBB", Viale Medaglie d'Oro 305, 00136 Rome, Italy; and Dipartimento di Biologia, Universita di Roma Tor Vergata, Via della Ricerca Scientifica, 00133 Rome, Italy

From Laboratory to Field: OsNRAMP5-Knockdown Rice Is a Promising Candidate for Cd Phytoremediation in Paddy Fields, (abstract), posted by Takahashi R, Ishimaru Y, Shimo H, Bashir K, Senoura T, Sugimoto K, Ono K, Suzui N, Kawachi N, Ishii S, Yin YG, Fujimaki S, Yano M, Nishizawa NK, Nakanishi H

The Plant Family Brassicaceae: Contribution Towards Phytoremediation (Environmental Pollution), by Naser A. Anjum, Iqbal Ahmad, M. Eduarda Pereira and Armando C. Duarte (editor's note: this is a real book review, but careful what you click, this site contains links to porn, nsfw)

Phytoremediation of soils co-contaminated by organic compounds and heavy metals: Bioassays with Lupinus luteus L. and associated endophytic bacteria, by Gutiérrez-Ginés MJ, Hernández AJ, Pérez-Leblic MI, Pastor J, Vangronsveld J, Journal of environmental management (abstract).

collection of academic papers on phytoremediation & bioremediation, from Plos One paper: Phytoremediation of xylene polluted environment, using a macrophyte Commelina benghalensis L., by Denise Emmanuel, Udoh Elsie and Akansi Patience, Department of Botany and Ecological Studies, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Molecular aspects of rhizodegradation and bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil, by E. Shahsavari, PhD Thesis, Applied Sciences, RMIT University.

Use of saline-sodic waters through phytoremediation of calcareous saline-sodic soils, by M Qadir & A Ghafoor, G Murtaza (abstract)

Phytoremediation using Typha angustifolia L. for Mine Water Effluence Treatment: Case Study of Ex-Mamut Copper Mne, Ranu, Sabah, Borneo Science, The Journal of Science and Technology

Phytoremediation of Zn- and Cr-Contaminated Soil Using Two Promising Energy Grasses (abstract)

Italian ryegrass for the phytoremediation of solutions polluted with terbuthylazine (abstract)

Recent Advances Towards Improved Phytoremediation Of Heavy Metal Pollution - Promo Video, educational materials

Phytoremediation Possibilities of Boron-Contaminated Environments by Wild Plants Growing on Boron Reserve Areas in Turkey (abstract)

International Journal of Current Research download a free article, Role of rhizospheric bacteria in phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil.

Phytoremediation of soil and water in chronic kidney disease (CKD) affected areas a case history in Sri Lanka. Kelaniya University researchers used plants to remove heavy metals from the environment in areas with high rates of deadly CKD. "Phytoremediation has been defined as the use of plants to remove or inactivate pollutants from soils and wastewaters. It all started in 1948 when Pichi Sermolli, an Italian scientist observed an unusual accumulation of nickel in some plants. Today scientists know of hundreds of plant species capable of selectively absorbing and accumulating specific elements and substances without showing toxicity symptoms—they are known as hyper accumulators. . . . Plant shoots can be harvested and the heavy metals can be extracted." Dr. Kochian at the Plant, Soil and Nutrtion Lab, New York, said that the flower phlaspi does well with heavy metals, and also cleans up radioisotopes.

Cleaning up mining wastes through phytoremediation Published on Wednesday, 04 December 2013 (book review)

teacher resources phytoremediation lesson plan for grades 9-12

project description Roux Associates designed and constructed a NYSDEC approved alternative landfill cover for a 9-acre industrial landfill at a former chemical manufacturing facility. The evapotranspiration cover consists of a mixture of phytotechnology and indigenous plant species. The alternative cover reduced closure cost and won a Wildlife Habitat Council award for habitat creation. search for academic articles on the subjects of bioremediation, phytoremediation, etc. (abstracts free)

academic article (abstract) Phytoremediation of lead with green onions (Allium fistulosum) and uptake of arsenic compounds by moonlight ferns (Pteris cretica cv Mayii), by Youngsoo Cho, James A. Bolick, David J. Butcher, Department of Chemistry and Physics, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, NC 28723 USA
Microchemical Journal - MICROCHEM J 01/2009; 91(1):6-8. DOI:10.1016/j.microc.2008.05.008
ABSTRACT: Phytoremediation has been investigated as an alternative to excavation to remediate contamination in soil. In this work, Allium fistulosum (green onions) and Pteris cretica cv Mayii (moonlight ferns) were investigated for phytoremediation.

National Institute of Health Phytoremediation; Superfund Research Program - This Risk-e-Learning seminar series focuses on Phytoremediation featuring SRP researchers, EPA regulators, and NPL site engineers. This multi-part series explores phytoextraction, phytodegradation, phytostabilization.

academic article (pay to read?) Phytoremediation Of Heavy-metal-contaminated Soil In A Reclaimed Dredging Area Using Alnus Species
Abstract - To investigate the possible applications of plants to remediate heavy-metal-contaminated soil, a pilot experiment was performed for four years in a reclaimed dredging area using two Alnus species, i.e., Alnus firma and Alnus hirsuta.

academic article (free to download) Very basic information (from abstract): Contaminants such as metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, and crude oil and itsderivatives, have been mitigated in phytoremediation projects worldwide. Many plants such asmustard plants, alpine pennycress, hemp, and pigweed have proven to be successful at hyperaccumulating contaminants at toxic waste sites.

2014 Phytoremediation Conference International Congress to be organized in Vigo (Spain) 29-30 July, 2014. Trees tested in refinery cleanup
Business Business Insider Outlook
By Jane Moorman / For the Journal | Sun, Oct 6, 2013
FARMINGTON - New Mexico State University's Agricultural Science Center at Farmington is taking its phytoremediation research into the real world of soil contamination to see if poplar trees can help stop the migration of an underground plume of petroleum contaminants.

See also: news article NMSU researchers testing whether poplar trees will help decontaminate former oil refinery site.

academic article Bioremediation of high molecular weight polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: a review of the microbial

See also: New Mexico State University

See also: Daily Times

See also: KRWG TV Zeeb Phytoremediation Lab, projects, interns, research opportunities

free e-book Phytoremediation Using Constructed Mangrove Wetlands, by Lin Ke, Nora F.Y. Tam

free e-book Plant Adaptation and Phytoremediation, by Plant Adaptation and Phytoremediation

study Laboratory Study Of Arsenic Uptake And Phytoremediation Potential Of Three Aquatic, Macrophytes Of Meghalaya, India Marbaniang D., Chaturvedi S.S., International Journal of Scientific & Technology Research, Volume 3, Issue 7, July 2014

question Are there any studies on phytoremediation potential by Nelumbo lutea (American Lotus)? I found a lot research suggesting that Nelumbo nucifera can hyperaccumulate cadmium, but I cannot find any studies on the native N. lutea species. Is there a reason why this native species did not receive similar attention?

study Phytoremediation of textile effluent pretreated with ultrasound and Bacteria (abstract)

study Phytoremediation of Heavy Metals from Soils, by Terry McIntyre, ed. David T. Tsao (abstract)

study Microbe-Assisted Phytoremediation of Hydrocarbons in Estuarine Environments (abstract)

study Phytoremediation of levonorgestrel in aquatic environment by hydrophytes (abstract)

study Potential of Igniscum sachalinensis L. and Salix viminalis L. for the Phytoremediation of Copper-Contaminated Soils (abstract)

study Evaluation of Phytoremediation Potential of Catharanthus roseus with Respect to Chromium Contamination

academic article (must pay to read) Journal Highlight: Water phytoremediation of cadmium and copper using Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a hydroponic system Water phytoremediation of cadmium and copper using Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a hydroponic system
Water and Environment Journal, 2013, 27, 293-300
Aly Valderrama, Jaime Tapia, Patricio Peñailillo, Danny E. Carvajal

Abstract: The aim of this work was to evaluate the utility of Azolla filiculoides growing in a hydroponic system for the phytoremediation of continental water polluted with cadmium and copper during 7 days of exposure. Cadmium and copper chloride were added to the medium at concentrations of 0.5-10 mg/L and 0.1-25 mg/L, respectively.

study abstract Utilizing white cabbage for the phytoremediation and biofumigation of soils - overview of the results of the project AGROBIOKAP.

notice of study Phytoremediation in Mediterranean agricultural soils using alfalfa for the production of biomass for energetic purposes using rosemary and thyme for the production of essential oils (FISMED).

academic study Phytoremediation DelRio - Free download as Text file (.txt), Word Doc (.doc), PDF File (.pdf) or read online for free.

Current Advances in Phytoremediation Technologies info. and abstracts.

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology abstract and info.: Landfarmed oil sludge as a carbon source for Canavalia ensiformis during phytoremediation D. Ramirez, J. Dussan

Cornell University Dreer Award seminar: Phytoremediation in Australia and China. Wednesday, April 9, 2014 Improving phytoremediation process by using Picea abies and Aesculus hipocastanum residues. Alina STINGU, Ioana IGNAT, Valentin I. POPA.

academic article Potential of Vigna unguiculata as a Phytoremediation Plant in the Remediation of Zn from Contaminated Soil

academic study Metal Contamination of Soils and Prospects of Phytoremediation in and Around River Yamuna: A Case Study from North-Central India

free ebooks A Review On Phytoremediation Of Heavy Metals and other subjects

Master in Applied Ecology info. about phytoremediation

academic paper The International Journal Of Engineering And Science (IJES) ||Volume||3 ||Issue|| 2||Pages|| 16-19||2014|| ISSN(e): 2319 - 1813 ISSN(p): 2319 - 1805 In-Situ Phytoremediation of Crude Oil Polluted Soil

Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science Evaluating Semiaquatic Herbaceous Perennials for Use in Herbicide Phytoremediation R. Thomas Fernandez, Ted Whitwell, Melissa B. Riley1 and Cassandra R. Bernard

GMO poplars vs wild poplars in phytoremediation study looks at the difference between wild and genetically modified poplars remediating soil Research article: 'Phytoremediation of heavy metal-contaminated water and sediment by Eleocharis acicularis.'

The International Journal of Phytoremediation is the first journal devoted to the publication of current laboratory and field research describing the use of plant systems to remediate contaminated environments.

Phytoremediation of lead in urban polluted soils in the north of Iran, Seyed Armin Hashemi, Department of Forestry, Lahijan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Lahijan, Iran.

Institute of Technology, Australia PDF abstract of Application of phytoremediation technologies in Canada, by Prof. Jim Germida, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Water phytoremediation of cadmium and copper using Azolla filiculoides Lam. in a hydroponic system

Microbial assisted phytoremediation of chlorinated pesticides in a warming climate: Challenges and perspectives Directory of Open Access Journals - put keywords phytoremediation, bioremediation, mycorremediation in the site's search window and find great academic studies. These are free, you click on the study, and you get it. You do not go to a sign up and pay page. Removing Heavy Metals from soil through bioremediation (using saccharomyces cerevisiae).

phytoremediation of fly ash site Suitability of Ricinus communis L. cultivation for phytoremediation of fly ash disposal sites.

book download Phytoremediation is the use of green plants and their associated microbiota, soil amendments, and agronomic techniques to remove, contain, or render harmless environmental contaminants. Free book download, but you have to install their software, "Genio," to do the download. Not completely sure what that is or if it is safe.

Plant Adaptation and Phytoremediation ebook, a free ebook, by M. Ashraf, M. Ozturk, M. S. A. Ahmad.

Conference proceedings: Phytotechnologies - Preventing Exposures, Improving Public Health International Journal of Phytoremediation, Volume 15, Issue 9, 2013, The 8th International Phytotechnology Conference-Portland, Oregon 2011. Abstract: Phytotechnologies have potential to reduce the amount or toxicity of deleterious chemicals and agents, and thereby, can reduce human exposures to hazardous substances. As such, phytotechnologies are tools for primary prevention in public health. Recent research demonstrates phytotechnologies can be uniquely tailored for effective exposure prevention in a variety of applications. In addition to exposure prevention, plants can be used as sensors to identify environmental contamination and potential exposures.
Same conference Journal, another article: Field Note: Phytoremediation of Petroleum Sludge Contaminated Field Using Sedge Species, Cyperus Rotundus (Linn.) and Cyperus Brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk Abstract: The aim of this study was to degrade total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) in a petroleum sludge contaminated site (initial TPH concentration of 65,000-75,000 with two native sedge species namely Cyperus rotundus (Linn.) and Cyperus brevifolius (Rottb.) Hassk.

Plant enzyme-mediated phytoremediation of organic groundwater contaminants, a paper on remediation technologies by George E. Boyajian, Ph.D.

Phytoremediation in mangrove sediments "This study evaluated the efficiency of Avicennia schaueriana in the implementation of phytoremediation compared with intrinsic bioremediation in mangrove sediments contaminated by total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs)."

Phytoremediation of pyrene contaminated soils Ryegrass (Lolium perenne) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa) were planted in pots to remediate pyrene contaminated quartz sand (as a control group), alluvial and red soils amended with and without compost. The pyrene degradation percentages in quartz sand, alluvial soil, and red soil amended with compost (5%, w/w) and planted with ryegrass and alfalfa for 90 d growth were 98-99% and 97-99%, respectively, while those of pyrene in the corresponding treatments amended without compost but planted with ryegrass and alfalfa were 91-96% and 58-89%, respectively.

phytoremediation to remove heavy metals Hazrat Alia, Ezzat Khanb, Muhammad Anwar Sajadc, Department of Biotechnology, University of Malakand, Chakdara 18800, Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; Department of Chemistry, University of Malakand, Chakdara 18800, Dir Lower, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan; Department of Botany, Islamia College University Peshawar, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.

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