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Links added in 2017



EVENT February 23, 2017: Webinar on Biodegradation of 1,4-Dioxane
The webinar will combine recent research and development activities for new and emerging contaminants and technologies with real word applications to characterize and remediate contaminated sites. Specifically, the webinar will discuss the challenges with current remediation techniques for cleanup of 1,4-dioxane contaminated sites, a microbial culture which can grow using 1,4-dioxane as its only source of carbon and energy, and the role of monooxygenase enzymes in catalyzing 1,4-dioxane degradation.
The webinar will also include a discussion from Sandra Dworatzek (SiREM) who will provide an update on the work SiREM is doing to grow 1,4-dioxane microbial cultures, testing the microbial culture in laboratory microcosm studies and culture scale up for field applications.
hazmatmag.com
To register for the free webinar, visit SiREM's website.
siremlab.com

India: Bioremediation of sludge begins
thehindu.com
Microbes to give oil sludge eco-friendly burial
timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Africa: Why Microbes Are Key to Solving Africa's Food Security Crisis
allafrica.com

Future Farming - How will precision methods change agriculture in the next 40 years?
farmandranchguide.com

product/contractor
SePRO
A research-based life sciences company providing innovative products and services for specialty ag and human health markets worldwide.
sepro.com
New fungicide control
Zio, a fungicide from SePRO Corporation, delivers multiple modes of action to efficaciously control a broad spectrum of turf pathogens.
golfcourseindustry.com
Introducing Zio Fungicide: The future of turfgrass management
thestewardsofturf.com

From flask to field: How tiny microbes are revolutionizing big agriculture
seattlepi.com

Microbe that causes food poisoning exerts a sort of mind control over mice
sciencemag.org

Harnessing Microbes To Improve Mental Health
health.good.is

Microbes may encourage altruistic behavior
phys.org

Vitamin B12: Power broker to the microbes
phys.org

Unhealthy gut microbes a cause of hypertension, researchers find
scinecedaily.com

UWF Researchers Studying Effects Of Artificial Reefs
wuwf.org

Bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil and microbial population and activity determination
hazmatmag.com

add to previous:
Changes in astronaut's gut microbes linked to spaceflight
news-medical.net

How We Can Better Plan Our Cities to Utilize Stormwater
newsdeeply.com

Grandfather of In-Situ Bioremediation Passes
hazmatmag.com
Calicut University professor collapses, dies
timesofindia.indiatimes.com

Chennai oil spill: Tiny microbes to play the rescue act
business-standard.com

The astronauts explored how the immune system adapts in outer space by collecting their biological samples for the Multi-Omics study. The experiment, which began in March 2015 when the One-Year mission began, is researching gut microbes and metabolism to determine how living in space affects the human immune function.
spacefellowship.com

Algae Market - Global Industry Analysis 2016 - 2024
satprnews.com

End of life: how are new technologies helping to shut down spent mines?
mining-technology.com

Wheatland students take home trophy in city design competition
A concept for city that uses mountain snow harvesting and hydroponic gardens earned Wheatland Center students the Rookie of the Year award from the StemForward organization at the Future City Competition held at the Milwaukee School of Engineering last week.
kenoshanews.com

Metallic Hydrogen
For this metal, electricity flows, but not the heat
phys.org
US scientists create metallic hydrogen, a possible superconductor, ending quest
dailystar.com.lb


New news about Salmonella
Salmonella bacteria don't want your body to starve on their account. The microbes' motives, though, are (probably) purely poop-related.
The body sometimes sacrifices appetite to fight off infection: Less energy for the host also means less energy for the pathogen. Understanding how bacteria cope with this tactic can inform treatments.
When it reaches the gut, Salmonella enterica bacteria can trigger this type of anorexic response in their host, making it a good model for how microbes deal with less food. Researchers at the Salk Institute in California investigated salmonella fallout in mice. In lab tests, they found that the bacteria aren't as virulent when a mouse isn't eating, and they use the vagus nerve, a superhighway connecting gut to brain, to encourage eating. The bacteria make a protein called SIrP that appears to block signals that dampen appetite.
sciencenews.org
Microbe that causes food poisoning exerts a sort of mind control over mice
When we have food poisoning, the last thing we want to do is eat. But in mice, a microbe that causes this ailment actually increases appetite, a new study reveals. Researchers say they might be able to use the same trick to increase eating in cancer patients and old folks, who often lose their desire for food.
sciencemag.org


Beer and Wine Makers Turn to Charged Microbes for Clean Water, Power
About 50 miles north of San Francisco, a brewery is quietly using a new type of technology, originally created to be used on a space station, to clean 50,000 gallons of dirty wastewater a day and generate energy in the process.
At the back of the brewery of Lagunitas Brewing Company, in Petaluma, Calif., three large shipping containers house an unusual design of electrically charged microbes that consume pollutants in beer wastewater and generate usable biogas. The technology was created by an MIT spinout called Cambrian Innovation, which is beginning to grow its customer list considerably in Northern California.
greentechmedia.com/


Microbes Control the Massive Turbine Hall at London's Tate Modern
Philippe Parreno's Anywhen, occupying the vast hall at Tate Modern, evolves over time in response to the control of tiny living beings.
labiotech.eu


Eating Well With Kim: Keeping Your Microbes Happy
Feed your microbiomes!!! Plant material including fruits, vegetables, seeds, nuts, legumes, and whole grains make hungry gut bugs happy, healthy and strong- the fiber from these foods is what feeds our good bacteria. When we eat a diet high in processed food, we are essentially starving our gut microbiome and that can prove detrimental.
We can include more probiotic foods in the diet and resist the urge to sanitize everything (I once had a pediatrician tell me "a healthy immune system is a challenged immune system"). Probiotic foods are foods that are fermented and contain healthy bacteria.
wrdw.com


Bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated soil and microbial population and activity determination
Bioremediation of hydrocarbon degradation in petroleum-polluted soil is carried out by various microorganisms. In the article, collaborating researchers from Xi'an University in China and The Ohio State University argue that little information is available for the relationships between hydrocarbon degradation rates in petroleum-contaminated soil and microbial population and activity in laboratory assay.
In their microcosm study, the researchers determined the degradation rate and efficiency of total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH), alkanes, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in a petroleum-contaminated soil using an infrared photometer oil content analyzer and a gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
hazmatmag.com


Bioremediation of long-term PCB-contaminated Soil
Researchers at the Academy of Sciences in the Czech Republic along with collaborators from other Universities in Europe recently released a paper that describes how white rot fungi was effective at reducing the level of PCB contamination in soil.
hazmatmag.com


Head of 100 Bridge St. remediation plan to be on hand on Tuesday
Tim Snay of Ransom Consulting Inc. will attend a meeting of the Community Development Corp. of the Southern Berkshires at 6 p.m. at the Great Barrington Fire Station at 37 State Road.
The corporation plans to develop the southerly 2 acres of 100 Bridge St.'s 8 acres for affordable housing. The corporation will leave development of the remaining 6 acres for later.
Snay will oversee the cleanup under terms set by the Department of Environmental Protection.
The site, formerly home of a New England Log Homes factory, is contaminated with dioxins and pentachlorophenol, or PCPs. Dealing with environmental contamination on the site has been controversial, especially after the DEP halted an experimental "bioremediation" plan in 2014.
berkshireeagle.com


Thumbs up for downer
Madison—Many states have a designated state bird, flower—and a state soil. The "Downer" is the official state soil of New Jersey. The Soil Science Society of America (SSSA) January 15 Soils Matter blog post explains why Downer is important to the Garden State.
wisfarmer.com


Opinion: Are microbes the next revolution coming to Big Ag?
marketwatch.com


Travis environmental restoration program is certified, sustainable
TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. (AFNS) -- Saving money, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and implementing green and sustainable remediation (GSR) to clean up contaminated groundwater sites recently earned Travis Air Force Base the honor of becoming the first Defense Department installation to receive greener cleanup certification by ASTM International standards.
Additionally, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for Region IX is using the Travis AFB environmental restoration program's (ERP) success to show other facilities how to use similar GSR approaches to effectively clean up contamination.
militaryspot.com
af.mil


What are biofilms and how they form
According to this paper, a bacterial biofilm is defined as "a structured community of bacterial cells enclosed in a self-produced polymeric matrix and adherent to an inert or living surface." In plain English, this means that bacteria sometimes join together, cling to essentially any surface, and form a protective matrix around the group.
zmescience.com
Paper (abstract only): ncbi.nlm.nih.gov


Hall's 'Turf' writings garner him Hall of Fame slot
Ronnie Hall, an award-winning writer and editor who traces his writing roots back to the Port Clinton News Herald, was recently inducted into the Turf and Ornamental Communicators Association Hall of Fame.
Hall, of Port Clinton, has written extensively on the green industry, which includes ornamental plant growers, landscape contractors and lawn service providers, for Turf magazine, owned by Grand View Media.
portclintonnewsherald.com


From flask to field: How tiny microbes are revolutionizing big agriculture
by Matthew Wallenstein, Colorado State University
I am part of a new crop of scientists who are harnessing the power of natural microbes to improve agriculture. In recent years, genomic technology has rapidly advanced our understanding of the microbes that live on virtually every surface on Earth, including our own bodies. Just as our new understanding of the human microbiome is revolutionizing medicine and spawning a new probiotic industry, agriculture may be poised for a similar revolution.
sfchronicle.com


waterseer.org


WaterSeer™ condenses pure water from the air without power or
chemicals. It is green, sustainable, simple, low-maintenance, easily
deployed and scalable for any community. VICI-Labs worked with
UC Berkeley and the National Peace Corps Association to develop a
device that yields up to 37 liters of pure water a day! A WaterSeer™
Orchard will provide enough clean water for an entire community.


Green Dot Bioplastics Create New Biodegradable Plastic for Horticultural Applications
Terratek® BD2114 from Green Dot Bioplastics is composed of 80% reclaimed and 80% bio-based material. It is a renewable and biodegradable alternative to conventional plastic pots. This planter made up of reclaimed plant fibers will return to nature without causing any harm once its service life has ended.
azom.com
greendotbioplastics.com


Planting roots for bioplastics
a new biodegradable biocomposite for horticultural applications made from reclaimed bio-based feedstocks
plasticsnews.com


Patent - biodegradable plastic medical use
Drug delivery after biodegradation of the stent scaffolding
google.es/patents


Jacob Bayer and I am the CEO of Luminext Incorporated, an energy consultancy that deals with energy rates, energy efficiency and solar solutions.

My company would make a nice addition to the list as we have over 100 pages filled with helpful advice for your readership.


We do infographics:
energyserviceforless.com
energyserviceforless.com


Interviews:
energyserviceforless.com


Quizzes:
energyserviceforless.com


And as an added bonus, we offer free consultations to all site visitors who look for ways to lower their energy bills.


P.S: I noticed that there are quite a few dead links on the page, as it often happens with static pages, Please consider adding my website to the list when you edit it -it shouldn't take more than a minute to add my company and it would mean a great deal to me.


Thanks in advance and kind regards,
Jacob


Sophorolipids Market - Global Industry Analysis 2023
Sophorolipids are surfactants formed by the fermentation of a selected number of non-pathogenic yeast species. These combine green chemistry with low carbon footprint, and hence fulfil certain important eco-friendly criteria. Sophorolipids demonstrate synergistic effects with other secondary surfactants in foaming and cleaning applications.
satprnews.com


Travis environmental restoration program is certified, sustainable
By Merrie Schilter-Lowe , 60th Air Mobility Wing Public Affairs
TRAVIS AIR FORCE BASE, Calif. (AFNS) -- Saving money, reducing greenhouse gas emissions and implementing green and sustainable remediation (GSR) to clean up contaminated groundwater sites recently earned Travis Air Force Base the honor of becoming the first Defense Department installation to receive greener cleanup certification by ASTM International standards.
af.mil


Residents near trenching ground finally get fresh air to breathe
Shubham Kishore
Soil has covered heaps of garbage lying in the area from years. On the fertile soil, they have planted trees and installed water sprinkles. "We have also decomposed a lot of waste using landfill bioremediation methods," said IMC's health officer Uttam Yadav.
timesofindia.indiatimes.com


To discover Africa's biodiversity, look to the soil
South Africa is finally embarking on a long-overdue initiative: mapping the incredible biodiversity in Africa's soils. It will document the microbial life hidden in the ground in Sub-Saharan Africa, and the data it derives could help solve the continent's crisis of hunger and food insecurity, and give birth to a new industry.
bizcommunity.com


Soil pores, carbon stores, and breathing microbes
Researchers at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) recently studied how moisture influences soil heterotrophic respiration. That's the breathing-like process by which microbes convert dead organic carbon in the soil to carbon dioxide.
phys.org


PUBLIC RELEASE: 17-JAN-2017
Researchers devise methods to identify transmission of microbes from mothers to infants
AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MICROBIOLOGY
WASHINGTON, DC - January 17, 2017 - It has been assumed that mothers pass on gut microbes to their infants during and just after delivery, a process called vertical transmission, but because of limits in available technology, the evidence of this occurrence has been limited. Now, researchers in Italy have combined laboratory and novel computational techniques to systematically track the vertical transmission of microbes in a pilot study.
eurekalert.org


Study of microbes reveals new insight about Earth's geology and carbon cycles
phys.org


Microbes could survive thin air of Mars
phys.org
Scientists Find Life's Most Ancient Ancestors Could Actually Survive On Mars
dailycaller.com
Life on Mars: Astrobiologists Prove Microbes can Survive the Think Martian Atmosphere
inquisitr.com
Dried-up slime could help microbes survive briny waters on Mars
newscientist.com


Why are our beaches and water so gorgeous? - Here's why!
The coloring of the water depends on how much clay, algae, sediment, and other materials that might flow into the beaches through streams of fresh water or rain water. Algae creates a green color, while the sand and clay can form brownish colors.
destin.com


We always knew our ancestors were microbes. Now we found them.
Asgard is a group of microbes, described for the first time in the journal Nature this week, that may well include the organism that gave rise to all complex life—from the tiniest eukaryotes to the tallest redwoods, the dinosaurs and us.
washingtonpost.com


Microbes rule in 'knee-high tropical rainforests'
Rainforests on infertile wet soils support more than half of all plant species. Shrublands on infertile dry soils in southwestern Australia, jokingly called "knee-high tropical rainforests", support another 20 percent of all plants. Nutrient scarcity is the common denominator. In both ecosystems plants team up with soil bacteria or fungi to gather nutrients more efficiently.
phys.org


Researchers discover 'marvel microbes' explaining how cells became complex
phys.org


Why Microbes Are Really Our Tiny, Crucial Allies
laboratoryequipment.com


Study shows how marine microbes recycle iron from the debris of dead algae
A new study from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography in La Jolla, California, shows the molecular machinery that helps move iron through the marine environment. The researchers report this week in mSystems, an open access journal from the American Society for Microbiology, on how Roseobacter bacteria claim heme, an iron-containing molecule that's widespread in the ocean, directly from algal cells that have died and disintegrated.
Bacteria in the ocean consume material from phytoplankton—like algae—and recycle nutrients like carbon, nitrogen, and iron back into the food web.
phys.org
Microbes & Hosts Fight to Acquire Essential Metals: This Battle May Open the Door for New Treatments
Every time that a bacterial infection occurs within an individual, microbes and hosts engage in a persistent battle over precious metals, such as iron. The host struggles to keep these essential metals away from the microbes, which need them for their survival. In this battle, both the host and the microbes release a number of molecules and proteins. Researchers, such as Elizabeth Nolan, PhD, an associate professor of chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), hope that further analysis of this struggle will provide insight that may help inform the development of new drugs that can be used in the fight against bacterial infections.
contagionlive.com
Metal-guzzling plants harvested to make nanomaterials
chemistryworld.com


Gurgaon provides corp a lesson in bioremediation
The city corporation, which is running out of ideas to comply with National Green Tribunal (NGT) order with regard to removal of existing garbage piles from Vilappilsala plant might want to look at the successful implementation of bioremediation on a 13-acre dump yard with almost 20 lakh tons of waste and how it was cleared of leachate pools and how height of the piles was reduced by 70%.
timesofindia.indiatimes.com


Snow microbes used in art
Biologists say safe "microbe paint" could be available soon.
wthitv.com


Mealworms' gut bacteria possible plastic pollution reduction solution, specialist says
NORMAN, Okla. - Wei-min Wu, a specialist on environmental biotechnology at Stanford University talked on "Microplastic pollution and recent progress in biodegradation of petroleum-based plastics" on Jan. 4 at the University of Oklahoma.
Wu said recent studies showed bacteria contained in mealworms' gut are able to eat and degrade polystyrene and polyethylene foams, providing a possible solution to the reduction of the plastics pollution.
reddirtreport.com


Organic Growers School Announces Spring Conference For March
ASHEVILLE, N.C.—The 24th annual Organic Growers School Spring Conference will be held March 10-12, 2017, at the University of North Carolina-Asheville campus.
The mission of the spring conference is to provide down-to-earth, practical advice on growing and sustainable living, while remaining affordable and accessible to anyone wanting to participate.
greenevillesun.com


RiverLink announces another step toward completion of Karen Cragnolin Park
ASHEVILLE, NC—The site of the EDACO junkyard for over 20 years, RiverLink's Karen Cragnolin Park on Amboy Road in West Asheville has taken one more step towards becoming a part of Asheville's ever-expanding greenway system. Using a process known as "phytoremediation," RiverLink has been working to clean the contaminated soil on the site since 2013. After taking soil samples on the last of 26 pockets of contaminated soil earlier this month, RiverLink is pleased to announce the samples were proclaimed within safe limits of contaminants by Pace Analytic Services, the EPA-mandated laboratory testing the site.
mountainx.com


Of BSU's effort towards climate change
Benguet State University through one of its research centers, Higher Education Regional Research Center (HERRC) implemented the " R and D Program Towards Environmental Sustainability of the Cordillera Highlands Amidst Changing Climate. " The program is composed of ten projects, seven agriculture, forestry & natural resources (AFNR) and three social studies, implemented on September 2015 and still continuing to date.
sunstar.com.ph


Open-source phytoremediation project tackles the Tiber River's pollution crisis
Despite its historic significance, Rome's Tiber River has become extremely polluted. In a bid to clean up the murky, trash-infested waters, deltastudio designed Albula, an interactive floating structure that combines elements from historic water mills with bio-based techniques like phytoremediation. Even better, the Albula is designed as an open-source and scalable project that can be replicated in a variety of contexts.
inhabitat.com


How Hemp Can Clean Up Radiation From Fukushima Nuclear Disaster
Hemp plants were shown to be effective in cleaning the soil around the site of Russia's Chernobyl nuclear disaster and were even considered for use near Fukushima.
mintpressnews.com


Westmoreland County angles for piece of hemp industry
That process, known as phytoremediation, can benefit brownfields and abandoned coal mine sites
triblive.com


Story image for phytoremediation from The Scientist
Putting Phytoremediation into Action. Researchers studying the use of bacteria and plants to remove toxins from the soil
the-scientist.com


South TX Gardener: Plants that can help Clean the Environment
Canadian database for bioremediation has remarked that they have seen degradation of benzene a aromatic hydrocarbon found in gasoline.
kiiitv.com


Degradation study of lindane by novel strains Kocuria sp. DAB-1Y and Staphylococcus sp. DAB-1W
This study was carried out to isolate and characterize the bacterial strains from lindane-contaminated soil and they were also assessed for their lindane-degrading potential.


7thspace.com


MSU Central Agricultural Research Center hires new soil microbiologist
montana.edu


Arctic Spill Research - Sawdust
Researchers are looking into adding a bioremediation element to the chemically modified sawdust. This Special Sawdust Is Designed To Clean Up Oil Spills In The Arctic
yahoo.com/news
New weapon against oil spills
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are testing chemically modified wood flour to determine whether it can enhance the burning of crude oil after a spill.
Tests of small batches treated with components of vegetable oil indicate the material will grab onto crude oil and help keep it near the surface. PNNL senior research scientist George Bonheyo, who is also a research professor of bioengineering at Washington State University, calls the material "incredibly buoyant, ice-repelling and water-repelling."
Editor's note: this is not 100% natural, but it's a step in the right direction.
triblive.com


ASU
Inside and out, ASU engineer studies the role microbes play in health
asunow.asu.edu


NCA - Restore - Reveal - Revitalize
The Newtown Creek Alliance is a community-based organization dedicated to protecting the environmental, recreational and commercial integrity of Newtown Creek.
newtowncreekalliance.org
Queens Gazette
Newtown Creek Alliance's Accomplishments
qgazette.com


The Secret Lives of Marine Mammal Microbes
Probing the mystery of what goes on inside the guts of dolphins and whales
blogs.scientificamerican.com


Diagnosing and Understanding Elevated Temperature Landfills (Part 1)
The first of a three-part series, this article talks about characteristics and challenges associated with ETLFs and their management.
waste360.com
Diagnosing and Understanding Elevated Temperature Landfills - Part 2
A small percentage of municipal solid waste (MSW) landfills in North America have reported elevated and increasing temperatures above those normally associated with a hot gas well. Temperatures above 66 °C (150°F) or even 121 °C (250°F) have been reported in some cases.
waste360.com
Diagnosing and Understanding Elevated Temperature Landfills - Part 3 (coming soon)
waste360.com


Circadian rhythms and the microbiome: Disrupting daily routine of gut microbes can be bad news for whole body
New research is beginning to show that the composition and activity of the microbiota exhibits a daily, or circadian, rhythmicity, just like we do.
theconversation.com
salon.com


Tired of waiting on humans, microbes cooperate to clean up our messes.
grist.org


Microbes living in people's bodies can tell you when they died
theaustralian.com.au
Microbes That Keep Time
After someone dies, their microbiome changes in ways that researchers say could be used to gauge how long it's been since death occurred, even after a couple of months, Scientific American reports.
genomeweb.com


The deepwater horizon aftermath
The oil discharged into the Gulf of Mexico following the explosion and sinking of the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) rig in 2010 contaminated more than 1,000 square miles of seafloor. . . . The scientists have now analysed long-awaited data from the Natural Resource Damage Assessment to determine the specific rates of biodegradation for 125 major petroleum hydrocarbons.
domain-b.com
The Deepwater Horizon aftermath
Researchers have analyzed 125 compounds from oil spilled in the Gulf of Mexico to determine their longevity at different contamination.
sciencedaily.com


Microbes: Not just nasty germs, our bodies' allies
wcsh6.com


Mapping the molecules made by a lichen's resident microbes
phys.org


How to keep your gut microbes happy at Christmas
health.spectator.co.uk


Product News: Rainin Pos-D™ Pipettes Allow Environmental Microbiology Researchers to Investigate Biodegradation of Oil
Researchers at the University of Alaska Fairbanks are using a METTLER TOLEDO Rainin Pos-D™ positive-displacement pipette to investigate the role of chemical dispersants in the biodegradation of oil in Arctic marine environments. - See more at: selectscience.net
selectscience.net


Alltech Crop Science emphasizes the importance of a healthy agribiome on World Soil Day
farmforum.net
The Importance of a Healthy Agribiome In Focus on World Soil Day
Celebrated in several countries on Dec. 5, World Soil Day raises awareness about the importance of soil preservation and stimulates discussion on effective crop practices. These discussions quickly become a call to action. Many producers are looking to decrease the damage caused by inefficient management practices and, subsequently, improve crop results through a balance in soil microbiology.
More natural farming practices combined with modern science can help increase diversity in the soil biology. Dr. Steven Borst, general manager of Alltech Crop Science, emphasizes the importance of integrating biological technologies into existing management programs to feed the soil.
"We need to work with nature, not against it, to grow not only our crops, but our soil as well," said Borst.
americanagnetwork.com
ag.alltech.com
alltech.com/
Plant microbes and technology will be key to farming success
southwestfarmpress.com


Microbes: Our tiny, crucial allies
theconversation.com
Microbes: Not just nasty germs, our bodies' allies
king5.com


The Weather Channel:
Toxic Lake: The Untold Story of Lake Okeechobee
Youtube


A new perspective on microbes
Most of us considered microbes little more than nasty germs before science recently began turning our view of the microbial world on its head. . . . Members of our microbiome, especially those living in the gut, not only help keep their disease-causing cousins at bay, they also make many compounds that we need, but that our own bodies cannot make.
phys.org
Microbes: Not just nasty germs, but our allies
khou.com


Counter-attack of the microbes
Nepal has issues of overuse of antibiotics in both humans and animals, uncontrolled prescription, or hospital-based infections
A healthy human body has its own defence mechanism and can fight off a majority of the infecting pathogens. However, the very young, the very old and immunologically compromised individuals may not be able to fight these on their own and have to rely on antibiotics. Even healthy people can only fight off so much of the infection, and may need antibiotics.
The whole cycle then repeats itself: patients get treated for infection, they may recover if the pathogens in their body are not AMR bacteria, but if the treatment may be difficult or in some cases, useless. If patients do recover, they may become hosts to AMR bacteria which they can then pass on to others over their lifetime. The irony of this is that the very activities that should be making a person healthy is doing quite the opposite.
nepalitimes.com


Genome Canada funding research to study how microbes eat away at pipelines
The federal government is funding research to understand how microbes in oil and gas pipelines cause corrosion, which can cost the energy sector billions of dollars a year and increase the risk of a damaging leak.
theglobeandmail.com
Ancient microbes could offer insight on better mining wastewater strategies
Professor Lesley Warren and her colleagues are mining the genomes of microbes that thrive in wastewater generated by the resource extraction industry. Insights into how these organisms derive energy from metals and sulphur compounds could lead to new strategies for preventing pollution and optimizing mine reclamation.
news.engineering.utoronto.ca
Editor's note: we hope they will find out the right balance of microbes to save their pipes, without trying to kill all the microbes. Kill kill kill - it won't work because the microbes will always win, and we would end up with lots of poison in our environment.


Genes, birthplace shape up our gut microbes
timesofindia.indiatimes.com


Marine Microbes Could Help Clean Up Environmental Pollutants
Marine bacteria first discovered off the coast of Puerto Rico more than 50 years ago could one day help clean up toxic pollutants in the environment.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego researchers uncovered a new enzyme in marine bacteria that evolved to remove bromine from carbon. Bromine is one of four highly reactive members of the elemental group known as halogens that are also commonly found in man-made industrial chemicals such as pesticides and flame retardants.
Enzymes that remove halogens from man-made industrial compounds can be used to rid the environment of these harmful pollutants.
scienceblog.com


Marvel microbes may explain how complex life evolved
indianexpress.com


UMN study: Microbes vs. weed seeds
A team of researchers at the University of Minnesota, with 15 farm cooperators, are trying to find out by studying how weed seeds interact with microbes and specifically what role microbes may play in weed seed viability and decomposition. Post doctoral researcher Adria Fernandez is leading the charge on the ground for this project in a relatively new field of work, along with principal investigator Craig Sheaffer and others. An emerging technology allows scientists to sequence soil samples to determine how many of which types of bacteria, fungi and other microbes are present. The microbe-weed seed connection is just one branch within what is sure to become a vast field as more is learned about the technology and all its potential applications.
agrinews.com


Newly discovered soil microbes may have helped eat methane after Porter Ranch natural gas leak
latimes.com
As Methane Surges, Scientists Look to Nanotech and Microbes to Capture It
seeker.com
Methane-Eating Microbes Produce Food for Farmed Animals
Edible protein produced naturally by microbes could help feed the world.
seeker.com


Microbes carve tiny rock homes for their barnacle chefs
newscientist.com


academic paper
Biodegradation of Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) by a Microbial Consortium in a Continuous Up-Flow Packed-Bed Biofilm Reactor: Kinetic Study, Metabolite Identification and Toxicity Bioassays
Guadalupe Alfonso-Gordillo, César Mateo Flores-Ortiz, Liliana Morales-Barrera, Eliseo Cristiani-Urbina
Published: December 1, 2016
journals.plos.org


Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
Hundreds of different bacterial species live in the human gut, helping us to digest our food. The metabolic processes of these bacteria are not only tremendously important to our health - they are also tremendously complex. A research team has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities - the microbiome - on the computer.
sciencedaily.com
Digital Microbes Could Give More Insight into Gut Health
The computer model collection, known as AGORA, can also be used to investigate how microbes affect the metabolism of other microbes and that of the human host.
nutritionhorizon.com


Sewage biofiltration plant gets the Aconex treatment
The Lagares project in Vigo is creating Spain's largest biofiltration sewage treatment plant. With an initial capacity of 147,000 cubic meters a day, the plant serves 800,000 people. The existing facility is being expanded and modernized to improve space utilization and operational flexibility. Biofiltration technology is being implemented to treat waste water for compliance with environmental safety standards.
aconex.com


Degradation of Landfill Leachate Compounds by Persulfate for Groundwater Remediation
A paper recently published in Chemical Engineering Journal describes batch experiments where persulfate was compared to hydrogen peroxide and permanganate for its ability to oxidize organic compounds in groundwater contaminated by landfill leachate. Complementary experiments were conducted to evaluate biodegradation (natural attenuation) potential for the system.
hazmatmag.com


Biodegradable Superabsorbent Materials Market
Increase in environmental awareness along with requirement to minimize dependency on traditional sources is the driving factor predicted to favour industry expansion.
medgadget.com


Amazing Discovery: Medicine-Making Microbes Found in Dirt Beneath New York City
natureworldnews.com
Urban park soil microbiomes are a rich reservoir of natural product biosynthetic diversity
pnas.org
Survey of New York City soil uncovers medicine-making microbes
Researchers at The Rockefeller University have shown that the dirt beneath New York City teems with our tiny allies in the fight against disease. In soil collected from city parks, the team dug up genetic evidence of bacteria capable of producing a wide range of compounds whose potent effects might be harnessed as medicines. Their work is described in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
sciencedaily.com
Study: New York City Dirt Rich in Bacteria Related to Medical Treatments
Researchers say soil from parks contains microbes that could lead to new antibiotics and medical treatments
wsj.com


alternative farming
Are Aquaponics a Sustainable Alternative to Conventional Agriculture Methods in New York City?
Activists are looking towards innovative alternatives to conventional models of agriculture, which, of course, require a great deal of land. In urban areas, where poverty is typically high and space scarce, is booming. The U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) estimates that 15 to 20 percent of the world's food is now being produced in cities.
nycfoodpolicy.org


Food from storage messes with honey bee gut microbes
The availability of nutritious pollen has decreased over the past decade. Researchers suspect that what honey bees eat is disrupting the bacterial communities that reside in their gut—and, in turn, negatively affecting their health.
futurity.org


Gut microbe movements regulate host circadian rhythms
Even gut microbes have a routine. Like clockwork, they start their day in one part of the intestinal lining, move a few micrometers to the left, maybe the right, and then return to their original position. New research in mice now reveals that the regular timing of these small movements can influence a host animal's circadian rhythms by exposing gut tissue to different microbes and their metabolites as the day goes by. Disruption of this dance can affect the host.
sciencedaily.com
The circadian rhythm of our microbes
earthsky.org


The Microbes Have Won Again - Scientific American Blog Network
Editor's note: stop trying to kill all the microbes - better to flood the bad microbes with friendly microbes. Probiotics work better than antibiotics. This article misses the point entirely. War on all microbes! Kill kill kill! Maybe they have to dominate and kill the latest powerful virus to come along, but they would be better off if they simultaneously looked for powerful friendly microbes to help with their work.
blogs.scientificamerican.com


Gut Microbes Linked to Neurodegenerative Disease
Bacteria in the intestine influence motor dysfunction and neuroinflammation in a mouse model of Parkinson's disease.
the-scientist.com
Do Microbes in the Gut Trigger Parkinson's Disease?
alzforum.org
Parkinson's May Actually Originate From Microbes in the Gut
futurism.com


Weight-controlling microbes can be resistant to short-term dieting
Microbiologist Jason Tetro says long-term diets are most effective way to shed extra pounds
cbc.ca
Dieting? Your gut microbes might delay the benefits - Medical News Today
medicalnewstoday.com
How Your Gut Bacteria May Be Thwarting Your Diet
forbes.com
Study links microbes to yo-yo dieting
vanguarddaily.com
Gut microbes contribute to recurrent "Yo-Yo" obesity | Knowridge Science Report
knowridge.com
Gut microbes switch host genes on and off under influence of diet - Medical News Today
medicalnewstoday.com
Microbes Might Explain Why Many Diets Backfire - The Atlantic
theatlantic.com


Vaginal microbes point toward early detection and screening for endometrial cancer
eurekalert.org
A Swab Test For Endometrial Cancer? Vaginal Microbes May Aid Early Diagnosis Of Female Cancer Of Reproductive Organs
medicaldaily.com
New method to diagnose cancer
An international group of scientists has created a new approach to the diagnostics of breast cancer with the help of nanoparticles of porous silicone.
phys.org


Scientists learn how to ramp up microbes' ability to make memories
sciencedaily.com
BACTERIA BREAKTHROUGH: Scientists discover microbes can have MEMORIES
Researchers at Rockefeller University and their colleagues at the University of California, Berkeley have found a way to make bacteria encode memories much faster than before.
express.co.uk


How Tiny Microbes In Your Gut Affect Your Mood
kpbs.org


Old microbes hold key to life
deccanchronicle.com


Gut Microbes Alter Host Gene Expression
Metabolites Found to Communicate with the Epigenome
In our DNA are genes which make up the code that makes life possible. However, genes can be altered by many environmental factors which switch some genes on or off. The complete set of genes that make up our entire DNA is called the genome, and molecules called epigenome communicate with the genome.
worldhealth.net


Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
Hundreds of bacterial species live in the human gut, helping to digest food. The metabolic processes of these bacteria are not only tremendously important to human health - they are also tremendously complex. A research team at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities - the microbiome - on the computer. The researchers gathered all known data on the metabolism of 773 bacterial strains - more than ever before. Working from this data, they developed a computer model for each bacterial strain. This collection, known as AGORA, can now be used on the computer to simulate metabolic processes taking place in the microbes and to investigate how they affect the metabolism of other microbes and that of the human host. The LCSB team publishes its results in the scientific journal Nature Biotechnology. The collection of predictive metabolic models is available to researchers via vmh.life.
phys.org
Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
Hundreds of different bacterial species live in the human gut, helping us to digest our food. The metabolic processes of these bacteria are not only tremendously important to our health - they are also tremendously complex. A research team has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities - the microbiome - on the computer.
sciencedaily.com


Microbes produce organic plastics from flue gas, electricity
sciencedaily.com


New technology could help break down city's plastic problem
Investors say organic additive can dramatically cut biodegradation time
A group of entrepreneurs want to introduce an inexpensive but organic additive to the plastic used in Hong Kong which they claim will slash the time it takes for the waste to biodegrade in landfills.
scmp.com
caution: broken down plastic may still pollute the environment


Rockefeller's Science Outreach program explores the microbes in food
This year's cohort focused on exploring the vast assortment of microbes—called the microbiome—in our food. First, they learned the basics: Microbes are microscopic organisms that are all around us—beneficial in some ways (fermentation of food), harmful in others (infectious disease). Then, the students designed their own research projects. For example, some students compared microbes in organic and non-organic food, while others chose to analyze the microbes in frozen yogurt.
newswire.rockefeller.edu


Gut microbes influence development of wet AMD
New research reveals that microbes in the gut play an important role in the development of neovascular or wet age-related macular degeneration.
medicalnewstoday.com


Your A.T.M. Is Covered in Microbes, but Mostly Harmless
nytimes.com
New York's ATMs Teem With Nasty Stuff
citylab.com




Links added in 2016



Our evolving relationship with microbes

University of Minnesota experts will gather to talk about what we know, and what we don't know, about the microbial world and the role it plays in our health and our environment.

Dan Knights, assistant professor in the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and the BioTechnology Institute at the University of Minnesota.
Michael Sadowsky, professor in the Department of Soil, Water & Climate, and Director of the BioTechnology Institute at the University of Minnesota.
Cara Santelli, assistant Professor, Department of Earth Sciences, and a member of the BioTechnology Institute at UMN.

Their talk is called, "It's Complicated: Our evolving relationship with the microbial world in and around us," and it's part of a series the university is calling, "The Petri Dish." The speakers joined MPR News host Tom Weber in studio for a conversation. To hear the full conversation, click the play button at this URL:
mprnews.org

Scientists at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg create comprehensive computational metabolic models for different gut microbes
news-medical.net

Microbes from a 220-year-old bottle of beer create a new brew
Researchers used yeast recovered from a bottle found in a shipwreck from 1797 to brew a mild-tasting beer they've named Preservation Ale.
wasthingtonpost.com

Canada's Food Guide Needs To Reflect Our Microbes
huffingtonpost.ca
On average, our bodies are comprised of about 30 trillion human cells give or take about 10 trillion. However, there is a greater number of microbial cells living inside of us. Tens of trillions of these are bacteria, consisting of several hundred different species.
Over the last decade, researchers have gained insight into how certain gut microbes, particularly bacteria, influence our health. They have learned the mere presence of some species can affect us. Yet the majority of effects on wellness come as a result of the byproducts these organisms make.

GarCo landfill uses microbes to treat soil fouled by oil
gjsentinel.com

Berkeley researchers discover thousands of new microbes, complete genomes
A study published Monday from campus and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory researchers uncovered new information about the genetic role of individual microbes and how they work to affect our climate.
dailycal.org

Radiation
splice-bio.com
Meet Conan the Bacterium: The Most Radiation-Resistant Microbe
According to the Guinness Book of Records the honor of the most defiant bacteria belongs to the little-known Deinococcus radiodurans, a microbe so tough the scientific community dubbed it "Conan the Bacterium".

Biofiltration
Seattle Builds First-Of-Its-Kind Stormwater System
wateronline.com

Researchers discover microbes able to convert compounds released from coal directly into methane
phys.org

Healthy microbes make for a resilient Great Barrier Reef | Cosmos
cosmosmagazine.com

Do microbes control our mood? - ScienceDaily
sciencedaily.com

Feed Microbes Oxygen to Help Clear Spilled Oil - Scientific American
scientificamerican.com

Study reveals corals' influence on reef microbes | EurekAlert! Science News
eurekalert.org

UNH scientists receive grant for soil microbes research - News - fosters.com - Dover, NH
fosters.com
Grant to aid study of microbes' role in soil carbon cycle
cornell.edu

UMass microbiologist awarded $2.5 million grants to study how soil microbes contribute to global warming
Kristen DeAngelis will lead a team of other researchers to investigate how soil--which is the largest repository for carbon in the natural world--may disperse carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, thus feeding global warming.
masslive.com

Researchers Restored A Colony Of Microbes In The Gut | Popular Science
popsci.com

toxiccleanup911 is against genetic modification of microbes - nature has already made all the types of microbes we need for planetary healing - don't mess with Mother Nature

Surfing the world for microbes
By Erika Johnson, UC San Diego
Surfer, ocean steward and chemistry doctoral student Cliff Kapono begins his worldwide expedition this fall to discover if surfers have a unique microbiome, and if so, how these marine bacteria and chemicals impact human health.
universityofcalifornia.edu

Metagenomic study links microbes to flavors in kefir
A team of food scientists and microbiologists in Ireland have used high-throughput sequencing to analyze how microbial populations change as kefir ferments. It's a new frontier in food analysis: Using the data, collected over a 24-hour fermentation period, the researchers were able to connect the presence of individual microbial species and their associated pathways to flavor compounds in the fermented milk beverage.
phys.org

Soil microbes flourish with reduced tillage
Microbes improve soil quality by cycling nutrients and breaking plant residues down into soil organic matter. In an effort to detect consistent patterns across a large geographical area, researchers conducted a meta-analysis of 62 studies examining the effect of tillage on soil microbes. No-till systems had greater soil microbial biomass and enzymatic activity. Tilled systems that used a chisel plow were equivalent to no-till systems, in terms of microbial biomass.
sciencedaily.com
For the past several decades, farmers have been abandoning their plows in favor of a practice known as no-till agriculture. Today, about one-third of U.S. farmers are no longer tilling their fields, and still more are practicing conservation tillage—using equipment that only disturbs the soil to a minimal degree.
jg-tc.com
farmanddairy.com

Training microbes to hunt out cancer and pollutants
Tiny microbial cells can be adapted to carry out specific jobs
wired.co.uk

Gut microbes linked to immunotherapy response in melanoma patients
Patients with malignant melanoma - whose disease has spread - are more likely to respond to immunotherapy treatment if they had greater diversity in their gut bacteria, according to new research.
sciencedaily.com

Alternative to anti-biotics
Researchers develop new strategy to immunize against microbes that cause foodborne illness
news-medical.net

Stanford bioengineer's microscope features interactive microbes
stanford.edu
This Smartphone Microscope Lets You Play Games With Microbes
Introducing the LudusScope, a 3D-printed, open-sourced system that lets you control and play games with living microbes on your smartphone. . . . LudusScope was developed by Stanford engineer Ingmar Riedel-Kruse, and he envisioned it as a new way of interacting and learning about common microbes. It's meant for use in educational settings, and teachers can easily 3D print their own LuduScope using plans downloaded from the internet.
gizmodo.com
newatlas.com
futurity.org
psfk.com

alternative energy
Poland Unveils Glow-In-The-Dark Bicycle Path That Is Charged By The Sun
The luminous blue cycling strip, which can be found near Lidzbark Warminski in the north of Poland, was created by TPA Instytut Badań Technicznych Sp. z o.o. It's made from a synthetic material that can give out light for up to ten hours at a time once charged by the sun throughout the day.
boredpanda.com
thisiscolossal.com
techcrunch.com
newatlas.com
abcnews.go.com

alternative energy
Milking microbes for energy could help replace fossil fuels
Scientists have found a way of producing electricity and fuel for cars from bacteria and green algae, and scaling up these techniques could create a reliable source of renewable energy that could be used as an alternative to fossil fuels.
horizon-magazine.eu

radiation
Team finds 'alien' microbe that feeds on cosmic rays
Nearly all organisms on Earth require carbon, oxygen, and sunlight to survive, but the discovery of an unusual microbe that thrives deep within a South African gold mine has experts wondering if living organisms might have adapted to survive on seemingly uninhabitable planets.
redorbit.com
Almost alien microbe found eating radiation
athens-times.com
Aliens Could Be Feeding on Cosmic Rays for Survival, Scientists Found
natureworldnews.com

Microbes on Mars
A Tough Row to Hoe for Early Martian Microbes
space.com
What the man who first looked for microbes on Mars has to say about the Viking anniversary
Gilbert Levin directed one of the microbiology experiments. 40 years later, here's what he has to say.
astronomy.com
Has Curiosity Found Fossilized Life on Mars?
There are compelling structures in a slab of sedimentary Mars rock, but their discovery alone won't prove there was ancient life on Mars.
seeker.com
The Red Planet is cold and bleak, and its surface is bombarded with intense radiation. But some of Earth's toughest microbes might be able to survive there
bbc.com
Could these Cauliflower-like Shapes on Mars Have Been Sculpted by Microbes?
popsci.com
NASA Mars Exploration
mars.nasa.gov
BOOK: The Microbes of Mars, by Barry DiGregorio
amazon.com
Is there really life on Mars? What evidence is there that there may or may not have been life on Mars?
scienceline.ucsb.edu
American Museum of Natural History
Case Study: Fossil Microbes on Mars?
amnh.org
New Bacterial Life-Form Discovered in NASA and ESA Spacecraft Clean Rooms
The previously unknown microbe was tough enough to survive stringent sterilization at two locations. Might it survive a trip to Mars?
scientificamerican.com
Searching for Life in Martian Water Will Be Very, Very Tricky
The risk of microbial contamination could prevent humans and even robots from visiting the most promising parts of the Red Planet
scientificamerican.com
Evidence that life once existed on Mars might have been discovered, scientists suggest
Unusual mineral outcrops on Mars look very similar to microbe-created formations here on Earth
independent.co.uk
Microbial stowaways to Mars identified
Bacteria found on the Curiosity rover reveal the types of microorganisms that spacecraft carry.
by Jyoti Madhusoodanan
nature.com
Visiting Mars? Don't forget to take the invisible microbe to survive in an alien planet
hngn.com
popsci.com
masslife.com

2bn-yo water found deep underground offers clues to possible life on other planets
rt.com

contractor / products
Microbial skin care products
joomo.com
Embrace microbes to go truly natural says skin care expert Nick Wallen, director of JooMo
cosmeticsdesign-europe.com

Mix and match microbes to make probiotics last
A study published September 29 in Cell Host & Microbe suggests matching the right bacterial strain to the gut environment is crucial for making a real change.
phys.org

Could deep sea microbes help fight climate change?
There are compelling reasons for studying archaea and bacteria at the bottom of the sea. Both organisms play a fundamental role in gobbling up methane, a greenhouse gas that gets trapped at the bottom of the ocean in the form of an icelike solid substance.
bendbulletin.com
MacArthur winner Victoria Orphan showed how deep-sea microbes keep greenhouse gas out of the atmosphere
latimes.com
Ask a MacArthur genius: Could elusive deep-sea microbes help fight climate change?
washingtonpost.com

Exposing children to microbes good for their health
Modern lifestyles with an emphasis on hyper-cleanliness have a negative effect on children's lifelong health.
Early exposure to microbes will give children the best immune start to life, insist two microbiologists who've written thought-provoking new book, Let Them Eat Dirt. Professor Brett Finlay and Dr Marie-Claire Arrieta insist there is undeniable evidence that early exposure to microbes is beneficial to children's wellbeing.
Kindle amazon.com
Hardcover: amazon.com
Audible: amazon.com
irishexaminer.com

First Signs Of Animal Life On Earth May Be From Microbes
astrobio.net
Ancient microbe fossils show earliest evidence of shell making
809-million-year-old eukaryotes turned calcium phosphate into armor
sciencenews.org
To understand the oceans' microbes, follow function, not form
phys.org
Earliest Signs Of Animal Life May Be From Microbes
seeker.com

Video
Paul Stamets spent his live exploring fungi, their role in enriching the forest soil with nutrients and ultimately in helping our home planet defend itself against us humans.
dailylinked.net

Pathogenic Gut Microbes Flourish in Wake of Tissue Repair Response
genengnews.com

'The Mind-Gut Connection': Could Your Gut Microbes Be Affecting How You Feel?
wbur.org

Novozymes moves on Microbes in recent Acquisition
labiotech.eu

Microbes in newborn's gut may triple allergy, asthma risk
upi.com

Study investigates steel-eating microbes on ship hulls
upi.com

Microbes help plants survive in severe drought
phys.org

Arcadia Power - sign up for alternative energy
arcadiapower.com

Harness the Power of the Sun: The Complete Guide to Using Solar Energy
improvenet.com

Composting 101
planetnatural.com

Going Green with Solar Panels in the Home
homeadvisor.com

24 Ways to Make Your Classroom Eco Friendly This Year
populationeducation.org

Eco & Environmental Scholarships, Internships, and Activities
fastweb.com

Go Green & Get Green: Tax Rebates and Incentives for Green Home Improvements
redfin.com

Green Jobs: A Resource Guide for Individuals with Disabilities
dol.gov




News & Research:
Arizona State University



Polytechnic prof Milton Sommerfeld exploring the possibilities of algae as super food, fuel, fertilizer and more
asu.edu

The Arizona Center for Algae Technology and Innovation (AzCATI)
azcati.com
azcati.com/about

Algae Industry Magazine - news from ASU
algaeindustrymagazine.com

ASU Bio Design Institute
biodesign.asu.edu
biodesign.asu.edu/news/

Dr. Hinsby Cadillo-Quiroz, Cadillo Lab
cadillo.lab.asu.edu

Dr. Ferran Garcia-Pichel
askabiologist.asu.edu
garcia-pichel.lab.asu.edu

Aerobic Bioremediation
clu-in.org

There was a toxaphene cleanup done a few years back in my area that may be of interest.

Anaerobic degradation of toxaphene will be accomplished by loading contaminated soil into lined pits or "burritos" and adding amendments, including starch, phosphate, bloodmeal and water. The burritos will be sealed and allowed to heat in the desert sun.
epaosc.org

EPA is responding to soils contaminated with the pesticide toxaphene, resulting from the disposal activities of a pesticide aerial applicator who ceased operations over 20 years ago.
epaosc.org

ASU wins $1Mil DOE algae research grant (2015)
algaeindustrymagazine.com

New Technology for Algae Blooms
algaeindustrymagazine.com




Is Yogurt Enough?



There's a controversy brewing over how to foster a good microbiome, or community of microbes in the body.
Google definition:
mi·cro·bi·ome
ˌmīkrōˈbīōm/
noun
plural noun: microbiomes
the microorganisms in a particular environment (including the body or a part of the body).
"we depend on a vast army of microbes to stay alive: a microbiome that protects us against germs, breaks down food to release energy, and produces vitamins"
the combined genetic material of the microorganisms in a particular environment.
"understanding the microbiome—human, animal, and environmental—is as important as the human genome"

The microbiome is the framework of the immune system, so medical researchers have been investigating.

Factors to build a strong microbiome:
A balanced diet that includes raw fruit and vegetables, fermented foods like yogurt or sauerkraut, regular exercise, drink enough water. Other factors: inherit a richly diverse and strong microbiome, birth through the vaginal canal, and breast feeding as an infant.

Harmful factors:
Antibiotics, anti-bacterial soaps and sprays, antibiotics residue in meat, pesticides and herbicides in food, carcinogens in household products, some otc and prescription drugs, chemotherapy, over-consumption of alcohol, sugar, unhealthy fats, tobacco, stress, overwork, and sleep deficit.

A word to the wise researcher: to build up a healthy microbiome, begin with the factors that help and eliminate the factors that harm. It's that simple. However,it's not so simple yogurt alone, or a daily probiotic pill, can do the trick. Developing a healthy microbiome must be a process that begins with diet, exercise, and healthy lifestyle choices.

More links - go to 2016 * 2015



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